Cover image for Eyewitness to power : the essence of leadership : Nixon to Clinton
Title:
Eyewitness to power : the essence of leadership : Nixon to Clinton
Author:
Gergen, David R. (David Richmond), 1942-
Publication Information:
New York : Simon & Schuster, [2000]

©2000
Physical Description:
382 pages ; 25 cm
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780684826639
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Fresh from the political wars, where he served as a White House adviser to Nixon, Ford, Reagan, and Clinton, a campaign aide to Bush, and a close-up reporter of Carter, David Gergen assesses the key leadership lessons they offer for coming presidents. None possessed sufficient qualities to achieve the greatness historians reserve for Washington, Lincoln, and Franklin Roosevelt. A great leader must have seven core elements: personal character that inspires trust, a moral vision for the nation's future, the political skills of both a lion and a fox, a capacity to mobilize followers through the modern media, an ability to recover from defeat and face future crises, an ability to attract and listen to wise advisers, and a capacity to bequeath a workable legacy.

Gergen has watched these chief executives deal with decision making, with conflicting advice, with their private lives, the task of defining and conveying their goals, and their success or failure at capturing the public's imagination. Henominates a team of all-stars from the past nine presidencies.

From this smart and savvy book emerge lessons of leadership that stretch far be


Reviews 3

Booklist Review

What can readers learn from recent presidents' successes and failures and from 1999's welter of events? Two of Washington's more thoughtful commentators have suggestions. Gergen stumbled into the Nixon White House and later served the Ford, Reagan, and Clinton administrations. His focus here is on the nature of leadership, particularly the leadership strengths and weaknesses of his four presidential bosses and, in a final chapter, the types of leadership Americans should seek in electing future presidents. Currently U.S. News & World Report editor-at-large, public-service professor at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government, and News Hour with Jim Lehrer commentator, Gergen seems a quintessential "centrist," more fiscally conservative than many Democrats, more socially liberal than many Republicans. His analysis of the achievements and inadequacies of the presidents he served is nuanced and enlightening. Intimate without wallowing in tabloid tidbits, Gergen's description of his work at the White House offers a valuable sidelight on history, plus pointed thoughts on what qualities citizens truly need from their presidents. Remember 1999? The impeachment trial and war in Kosovo, negotiations for peace in the Middle East and northern Ireland, Columbine and Amadou Diallo, the JFK Jr. crash, the growth of the Internet and Y2K fears. Off Camera is a journal of 1999 from ABC News correspondent and Nightline anchor Koppel. Fans of the show will immediately recognize this volume's "voice": Koppel in print "sounds" just like Koppel on the tube. What's different here is that the journal-keeper allows himself to express opinions (and readers learn a bit about his personal life). Koppel's early comments on Kosovo, for example, are quite negative (perhaps reflecting the influence of Henry Kissinger?), but he admits to overreaction when Milosevic withdraws. The shifting demands of the media also come in for thoughtful consideration. ^-Mary Carroll


Publisher's Weekly Review

Few observers are as qualified to comment on the merits of presidential leadership as is Gergen, having served as a speechwriter and adviser to fourchief executives. In these finely etched tales of his time with Nixon, Ford, Reagan and Clinton, Gergen not only explains what made these men tick but also draws broader lessons on what makes for presidential greatness. It begins, he says, with strength of character; then a president must have a clear and compelling vision of what he wants to accomplish, and must be able to communicate this vision to the American people. Organizationally, he must be able to work with other centers of political power, particularly Congress; be decisive in his early actions in office; and have around him strong and prudent advisors. Finally, he must inspire. This is a lot to ask of any leader, and Gergen admits that none of those for whom he worked quite had it all, though in his estimation Reagan came closest. Both Nixon and Clinton were men of brilliance, he says, yet harbored deeply flawed characters; Ford was honest and capable but never quite defined his goals. Reagan, for all his considerable virtuesÄcourage, conviction, visionÄtoo often allowed his inattention to detail and hands-off management style to derail his intentions. While some may debate Gergen's assessments, his own eye for detail and knack for narrative are to be admired. He brings to life the everyday world of the presidency and provides telling portraits of these fallible yet fascinating leaders. (Sept.) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved


Library Journal Review

The modern age has produced a series of disappointing presidents. Gergen, an insider in both Republican (Nixon, Ford, Reagan) and Democratic (Clinton) administrations, here calls on his considerable insights and experiences in an attempt to figure out why presidents have so often failed. He also offers suggestions to future presidents on the skills necessary to succeed in the White House. Gergen distill the essence of leadership to several core principles: recognizing that leadership starts from within; promoting a compelling purpose; possessing a capacity to persuade; working well within the system; getting a sure, quick start; having strong, prudent advisers; and inspiring others to carry out a mission. Balanced, timely, thoughtful, well written, insightful, and full of insider accounts, Gergen's excellent book should be on the reading list of both presidential candidates as well as anyone interested in understanding the dilemma of presidential leadership. Recommended for public libraries.DMichael A. Genovese, Loyola Marymount Univ., Los Angeles (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.