Cover image for Stress and health
Stress and health
Rice, Phillip L., 1941-
Personal Author:
Third edition.
Publication Information:
Pacific Grove : Brooks/Cole Publishing, [1999]

Physical Description:
xxxii, 493 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
BF575.S75 R53 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

On Order



Rice offers the most comprehensive, research-based introduction to stress management and personal health programming available, addressing the theoretical aspects of stress and stress management. With clear, non-technical language packed with lively examples, he helps readers to identify personally with content and process. He includes the information, techniques, and skills needed to deal effectively with both physical and psychological stress and for readers to become informed consumers of personal health planning information. The book offers up-to-date coverage of theories and research in stress management; definitions and examples of physical and psychological stress; personal, family, social, and work-related stress management methods; and stress reduction techniques, including relaxation, autogenics; anxiety management, meditation, biofeedback, time management, nutrition, and exercise.

Table of Contents

Part I Principles and Issues: The Background
1 Stress Concepts, Theories, and Models
Common Sense and Not-So-Common Definitions of Stress
Formal Definitions of Stress
Distinguishing Stress from Other Emotive States
In Sickness and in Health: Health Status and Social Roles
Building Theories: The Explanatory Stories of Science
Varieties of Biological Stress Theories
The Diathesis-Stress Model
Varieties of Psychological Stress Theories
Varieties of Social Stress Theories
Making Sense of the Confusion
Critical Thinking and Study Questions
Key Terms
Answers and Comments on Self-Study Exercises
Comments on Self-Study Exercises
2 Stress Research: Logic, Design, and Process
Being Scientists and Being Consumers
Modes of Thinking in Science
The Logic of Scientific Method
Case Studies: The Intensive Analysis of One
Ex-Post Facto Studies: Looking Back
Ecological Momentary Assessment: Remote Observers
Correlational Designs: What Is the Relationship? Clinical Research: Pre-Post Intervention Designs
Epidemiology: The Science of Epidemics
Meta-Analysis: Analyzing the Analyses
Animals in Stress and Health Research
Critical Thinking and Study Questions
Key Terms
Comments on Self-Study Exercises
Answers for Self-Study Exercises
Part II Biopsychological Foundations of Stress
3 The Cognitive Stress System: Attitudes, Beliefs, and Expectations
Labels, Guesses, and Gaps
Anticipations: Hope and Despair
Cognitive Science: Probing the Mysteries of Mind
A Model of Mind: Information Processing
Schemata and Personal Constructs
Perception: Stress is in the Eye of the Beholder
Perception, Deprivation, and Overload
Memory: I Don''t Remember It That Way
Appraisal Processes in Stress
Factors Contributing to Stressful Appraisals
Secondary Appraisal, Self-Efficacy, and Mastery
Attributions, Beliefs, and Health
Critical Thinking and Study Questions
Key Terms
Analysis and Comments on Self-Study Exercises
Answers and Comments on Self-Study Exercises
4 Personality and Stress: Traits, Types, and Biotypes
Persona: What Lies Behind the Mask
Classic and Contemporary Definitions of Personality
Varieties of Personality Theory
General Models: The Personality-Health Connection
Coronaries, Type A, and Hypertension
The Depression-Prone Personality
The Cancer-Prone Personality
Personality and Smoking
The Alcoholic Personality
Biotypes or the Disease-Prone Personality: The Final Score
Control, Hardiness, and Self-Esteem
Critical Thinking and Study Questions
Key Terms
5 The Physiology of Stress: The Brain, Body, and Immune Systems
Mind, Brain, and Body: Some Definitions
Charting the Back Roads of the Mind
The Brain: Its Role in Stress and Health
Natural Defenses: The Immune System
The Cardiovascular System
The Digestive System and Ulcers
Critical Thinking and Study Questions
Key Terms
Part III Social Systems and Stress
6 Stress in the Family: Adjustment, Conflict, and Disruption
Focus on the Family
A Case Study in Family Stress
Family Stress: Problems in Definition
A Transactional Theory of Family Stress
Transitional Stress
Separation and Divorce
The Single-Parent Family
Violence in the Family
Battered Wives
Sexual Abuse of Children
Positive Coping in the Family
Critical Thinking and Study Questions
Key Terms
Answers and Comments on Self-Study Exercises
7 Job Stress: Dissatisfaction, Burnout, and Obsolescence
Dimensions of Job Stress
Defining Job Stress
The Costs of Work Stress
Symptoms of Work Stress
Sources of Work Stress
Are Boredom and Monotony Really Stressors? Technostress: The Changing Faces of Jobs
Job Burnout: The End of Work Stress
Work Stress in Special Groups
Telecommuting or the Electronic Sweatshop? Coping with Job Stress and Burnout
Critical Thinking and Study Questions
Key Terms
8 Social Sources of Stress: Social, Technological, and Life-Changes
Case Studies in Road Rage: The Benign and Malignant
Cutting to the Chase: Possible Causes of Road Rage
Stress and Illness: The Origins of Social Theory
A Search for Social Stressors
Stress and Social Change
Life-Change, Stress, and Illness
Life-Change Units: The Empirical Story
The Social Readjustment Rating Scale
Do Stressful Life Events Really Produce Illness? The Case Against Life-Change and Illness
Race and Socioeconomic Status
Coping with Social Change
Religion and Beliefs: Influence on Coping and Health
Coping with Victimization
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A First Look
Fear-The Victim''s Jailer
Victimology: Investigating Criminal-Victim Relationships
Barriers to Effective Prevention
Coping with the Aftermath of Criminal Assault
Critical Thinking and Study Questions
Key Terms
9 Environmental Stress: Disasters, Pollution, and Overcrowding
Environment and Ecology
Theories of Environmental Stress
Categories of Environmental Stress
Natural Disasters
The Aftermath of Mount Saint Helens
Technological Disasters
Buffalo Creek and Three Mile Island
Coping with the Effects of Disaster
Noise Pollution
Coping with Noise Pollution
Air Pollution
Stress and Overcrowding
Critical Thinking and Study Questions
Key Terms
Part IV Coping, Relaxation, and Imagery
10 Coping Strategies: Controlling Stress
Coping Cameos: Struggles and Strategies
Coping Terminology: Origins and Definitions
Coping Categories: Problem-Focused versus Emotion-Focused Coping
Coping Resources: Assets and Support
Coping Strategies: Combative and Preventive Coping
Coping Efforts: What Can You Do to Cope with Stress
Coping Styles: Reactive and Proactive Coping
Building Coping Skills
Critical Thinking and Study Questions
Key Terms
11 Progressive Muscle Relaxation: Premises and Process
Progressive Muscle Relaxation: The Promise
From Promise to Premise
A Cognitive-Behavioral View of Relaxation
From Premise to Preparation
Relaxation: The Process
A Tension-Scanning Exercise
Moving On: When Can I Do Something with It? Getting Relaxed the Fast Way
Relaxing A Group of Muscles
Terrifying Slopes: Relaxation to the Rescue
Relaxing with a Word
Cue-Controlled Relaxation at School or Work
Differential and Graduated Relaxation
Critical Thinking and Study Questions
Key Terms
12 Cognitive and Imagery Techniques: Autogenics, Desensitization, and Stress Inoculation
Imagery: The Core of Relaxation
Autogenics: Imagery-Based Relaxation
Managing Specific Fears
Managing Specific Fears with Desensitization
The Three Keys to Desensitization
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing
Cognitive Restructuring
Stress Inoculation: Preparing for Stress
Critical Thinking and Study Questions
Key Terms
13 The Concentration Techniques: Meditation and Biofeedback
The Mysterious God-Men of India
The Highroad of Meditation
Transcendental Meditation: A Western Mantra Yoga? The Relaxation Response: Secular Meditation
Biofeedback: Electronic Euphoria or Practical Tool? Listening to Your Body
But Is It Good for Anything? Biofeedback: The Final Score
Should I Try Biofeedback? Summary
Critical Thinking and Study Questions
Key Terms
Part V Student Stressors, Nutrition, and Exercise
14 Student Survival Skills: Transitions and the Paper Chase
A Gallery of Students and Stressors
A Typology of Student Stressors
Time Management for Students
Why Study Time Management? Seven Deadly Sins of Time Mismanagement
Self-study Exercise: Finding Your Time Management Weaknesses
Positive Time Management
Hints for Effective Time Management
Critical Thinking and Study Questions
Key Terms
15 Behavioral Health Strategies: Nutrition and Exercise
Stress and Health: Links to Nutrition and Exercise
Unhealthy Behaviors: Diet and Sedentary Lifestyles
Effects of Stress on Metabolism and Diet
Effects of Diet on Stress
Eating Right: Balancing Energy Intake
Vitamins: Use or Abuse and Addiction? Eating Light
Exercise, Health, and Stress
Preparing for Exercise
Exercising for Fitness
Barriers to Effective Exercise
The Exerciser: A Psychological Profile
Marathon Running: The Myth of Coronary Immunity
Exercising for Weight Control
Precautions for Exercise Programs
Behavioral Self-Control: Principles for Sticking with It
Critical Thinking and Study Questions
Key Terms
Relaxation Instructions
Getting Started with Relaxation
Instructions for Relaxation
Preparing Your Own Relaxation Instructions
Instructions for Reducing the Steps by Grouping Muscles
Cue-Controlled Relaxation Instructions
Subject Index