Cover image for Who are the Macedonians?
Who are the Macedonians?
Poulton, Hugh.
Personal Author:
Second edition.
Publication Information:
Bloomington, In. : Indiana University Press, 2000.
Physical Description:
xiv, 226 pages : maps ; 22 cm
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
DR2185 .P68 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

On Order



In Who Are the Macedonians? Hugh Poulton... provides a fair and perceptive account of the difficult relations between [Macedonians and Albanians in the new republic].... it is one of the best guides I have read to what may be a dark and troubled future." --Misha Glenny, The New York Review of Books

... anyone needing a concise introduction to modern Macedonian history should be grateful for Hugh Poulton's book." --Steven Sowards, H-Net Reviews

This first full historical survey of the Balkan Slavic peoples of Macedonia concludes with Macedonia's emergence as an independent state in the face of Greek opposition and a discussion of the prospects for its entanglement in the ongoing Balkan war.

Author Notes

HUGH POULTON is a former researcher on Eastern Europe for Amnesty International, specializing in the Balkan countries. His publications include The Balkans: Minorities and States in Conflict.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

Poulton has written an account of a people whose self identity lies in the breakup of the Ottoman Empire in Europe, who have resisted Greek, Serb, and Bulgarian attempts at assimilation, and who today struggle to retain their status as an independent state amid overtly hostile neighbors. The author is known for his excellent earlier work on human rights issues among Balkan ethnic minorities. This book, although full of information and insights about complex issues, is uneven in its use of sources, inaccurate in a few details, and lacks some of the most basic aids for serious readers. For example, there is no bibliography (which makes footnotes virtually unusable), and the list of abbreviations is incomplete. The audience for whom the work is intended is not obvious; the book is too detailed for the general reader, and too naive--especially in its early chapters on ancient and medieval Macedonia--to be of much value to experts. A clear presentation of the complex historical background of ethnic conflict in the Balkans is much needed today. This book could have met that need, had both the author and publisher taken greater care in its conception and production. E. N. Borza; Pennsylvania State University, University Park Campus

Table of Contents

Note on Transliteration and Names
1 Introduction
The peoples of Macedonia
Natural and unnatural demographic change
2 The Soil for Nationalists
The beginnings
Philip of Macedon and Alexander the Great
The Romans
The Vlachs
The Albanians
The Slavs
The Jews
The Roma (Gypsies)
Seeds of controversy
3 Group Identity in the Ottoman Empire: From Millet to Nation
The Sufi tarikats
The millet system and the Muslims
The Christian millets
The Tanzimat reform movement
The Jews
4 From Berlin to Versailles: The Apple of Discord-Propaganda, Violence and War
Local uprisings
The struggle for church control and the Bulgarian advance
The Ilinden uprising
The Greeks organise
The Great Power reform porgrammes
The Vlachs and the Romanian efforts
The Serbs
The rise of Albanian nationalism
The Turks and the CUP
The Jews
The Balkan wars
The First World War
5 The Inter-War Years: Repressiona dn Violence
The Comintern
6 War and Civil War
From uneasy neutrality to war
Vardar and Pirin Macedonia
-Tito and the Partisans
-The Stalin-Tito split
Aegean Macedonia
-The war
-The Vlach 'Principality'
Genocide against the Jews
The Greek civil war
7 Macedonians as the Majority
-Language and education
Relations with other ethnic groups
-The Torbeshi
-The Albanians of Macedonia
-Education and culture
-The growth of Albanian nationalism and the authorities' reaction
-Communities apart
-Events in 1990 and 1991
-The Vlachs
-The Turks
-The Roma and assimilation
8 Macedonians as Minorities
-Oppression and the rise of the 'one-nation' state
-UMO Linden
-The socio-economic situation
-Other Bulgarian-Macedonian organisations
-Continued denial
-Refugees and relations between Greece, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria
-Worsening relations and the rise of Greek nationalism
9 Independent Macedonia
Political relaxation and nationalist expression in 1989 and 1990
Peaceful JNA withdrawal and gaining independence
The name issue
The threat from the north?
The church issue
The Albanian question
The Roma and 'Romanistan'
Other minority groups
The economy
External relations
Politics-democracy or 'neo-Communism'?
VMRO-DPMNE and the 'defence committees'
10 Conculsion-Whither Macedonia?