Cover image for A comprehensive guide to the hazardous properties of chemical substances
Title:
A comprehensive guide to the hazardous properties of chemical substances
Author:
Patnaik, Pradyot.
Personal Author:
Edition:
Second edition.
Publication Information:
New York : John Wiley & Sons, [1999]

©1999
Physical Description:
xxiii, 984 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780471291756
Format :
Book

Available:*

Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Item Holds
Searching...
RA1211 .P38 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area-Reference
Searching...

On Order

Summary

Summary

More than just a compendium of hazardous materials, this book correlates the chemical structure of compounds to their hazardous properties, thereby allowing us to assess the toxicity of a substance even when no experimental data exists. Clearly illustrating the chemical structures of more than 1,500 chemicals from 46 different groups, this important update of the 1992 guide adds 1,000 new entries under specific classes of compounds along with major revisions in every other respect. Organics, metals and inorganics, industrial solvents, common gases, particulates, explosives, and radioactive substances are thoroughly examined for all facets of their primary characteristics-from toxicity and carcinogenicity to flammability and explosive reactivity to handling and disposal practices. Special features of the Second Edition include:
* Fifteen new chapters covering teratogenic and addictive substances, organometallic compounds, sulfur mustards and esters, and much more
* An up-to-date review of synonyms, CAS numbers, physical properties, uses, chemical analyses, and EPA and DOT status
* Expanded coverage of pesticides and herbicides, and other topics
* Regrouping of metals according to reactivity or toxicity
* Revision of the relevant federal regulatory requirements
* Extensive literature citations on current analytical methods

An indispensable reference for investigative and analytical chemists as well as professionals dealing with industrial hygiene, safety, hazardous waste, and compliance issues, this book also serves as an excellent complement to such major references as Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials, Hazardous Chemicals Desk Reference, Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, and Environmental Contaminant Reference Databook, Volumes I, II, and III-all available from Wiley.


Author Notes

PRADYOT PATNAIK, PhD, is currently the Director of the Environmental Chemistry Laboratory of the Interstate Sanitation Commission at Staten Island, New York, and a research investigator at the Center for Environmental Science of the City University of New York at the College of Staten Island. He is also the author of the book Handbook of Environmental Analysis.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

Discusses hazardous chemicals within specified chemical classes as members of the class and points out general characteristics of the class. Part A, to be read first, includes a glossary and discusses toxicity of chemicals, carcinogenicity, flammable and combustible materials, explosive characteristics of chemicals, peroxide-forming chemicals, and federal regulations. Material in the 46 chapters of Part B is alphabetically arranged by class of chemical compound. Two indexes, one by Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number and the other by chemical name, must be consulted first. Synonyms are included in these indexes. Much of the information is similar to that of Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials (DPIM), 8th ed. (CH, Jan'93). However, Patnaik includes structural formulas (no longer included in DPIM); and exposure, health, and accident information is treated in more narrative detail than in DPIM. References to the literature are worked into the narrative; there is also disposal information. A general, lengthy subject index is included. Each section treating a specific type of chemical carries an introductory essay describing the characteristics of that group. Fewer than a tenth (1,290) of the chemicals in DPIM are treated; however, these are more commonly in use in the workplace and in college laboratories. Patnaik treats regulations and disposal techniques, areas not emphasized by DPIM. Materials specified in major pieces of federal legislation are listed. College libraries with very tight budgets, or high schools, could purchase this book instead of DPIM, but any institution conducting chemical research of any type should have both because of their different approaches. Undergraduate through professional. J. Douville; Choice


Table of Contents

Preface
Preface to the First Edition
Acknowledgments
Part A
I Introduction
II Glossary
III Physical Properties of Compounds and Hazardousw Characteristics
IV Toxic Properties of Chemical Substances
V Target Organs and Toxicology
VI Cancer-Causing Chemicals
VII Teratogenic Substances
VIII Habit-Forming Addictive Substances
IX Flammable and Combustible Properties of Chemical Substances
X Explosive Characteristics of Chemical Substances
XI Peroxide-Forming Substance
XII Chemical Warfare Agents
XIII Biological Warfare Agents and Bioterrorism
Part B
Chapter 1 Acids, Carboxylic
Chapter 2 Acids, Mineral
Chapter 3 Acids, Peroxy
Chapter 4 Alcohols
Chapter 5 Aldehydes
Chapter 6 Alkalies
Chapter 7 Alkaloids
Chapter 8 Amines, Aliphatic
Chapter 9 Amines, Aromatic
Chapter 10 Asbestos
Chapter 11 Azo Dyes
Chapter 12 Chlorohydrins
Chapter 13 Cyanides, Organic (Nitriles)
Chapter 14 Cyanides, Inorganic
Chapter 15 Dioxin and Related Compounds
Chapter 16 Epoxy Compounds
Chapter 17 Esters
Chapter 18 Ethers
Chapter 19 Gases, Common Toxic and Flammable
Chapter 20 Glycol Ethers
Chapter 21 Haloethers
Chapter 22 Halogenated Hydrocarbons
Chapter 23 Halogen, Halogen Oxides, and Interhalgen Compounds
Chapter 24 Heterocyclic Compounds
Chapter 25 Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic and Alicyclic
Chapter 26 Hydrocarbons, Aromatic
Chapter 27 Industrial Solvents
Chapter 28 Isocyanates, Organic
Chapter 29 Ketones
Chapter 30 Metal Acetylides and Fulminates
Chapter 31 Metal
Chapter 32 Metal Alkyls
Chapter 33 Metal Azides
Chapter 34 Metal Carbonyls
Chapter 35 Metal Hydrides
Chapter 36 Metals, Reactive
Chapter 37 Metals, Toxic
Chapter 38 Mustard Gas and Sulfur Mustards
Chapter 39 Nerve Gases
Chapter 40 Nitro Explosives
Chapter 41 Oxidizers
Chapter 42 Particulates
Chapter 43 Peroxides, Organic
Chapter 44 Pesticides and Herbicides: Classification, Structure, and Analysis
Chapter 45 Pesticides, Carbamate
Chapter 46 Pesticides, Organochlorine
Chapter 47 Pesticides, Organophosphorus
Chapter 48 Herbicides, Chlorophenoxy Acid
Chapter 49 Herbicides, Triazine
Chapter 50 Herbicides, Urea
Chapter 51 Phenols
Chapter 52 Phosphorus and Its Compounds
Chapter 53 Polychlorinated Biphenyls
Chapter 54 Radon and Radioactive Substances
Chapter 55 Sulfate Esters
Chapter 56 Sulfur-Containing Organics (Miscellaneous)
Chapter 57 Miscellaneous Substances
Appendix A Federal Regulations
Appendix B IARC List of Carcinogenic Agents (Update 2006)
Appendix C NTP List of Catcinogens (2004) 11th Annual Report
Chemical Substances - CAS Registry Number
Index
CAS Registry Number - Chemical Substances
Index
Subject
Index