Cover image for America's struggle with chemical-biological warfare
America's struggle with chemical-biological warfare
Mauroni, Albert J., 1962-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 2000.
Physical Description:
xvi, 293 pages : illustrations, map ; 24 cm
Reading Level:
1470 Lexile.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
UG447 .M345 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

On Order



Fear and ignorance have colored the perception of chemical and biological (CB) warfare both in the public and military spheres. Media coverage following the alleged gassing of sheep at Dugway Proving Ground in 1968 has led most people to believe that CB warfare is an unstoppable doomsday weapon of mass destruction. Yet, in 1972, General Creighton Abrams, the Army Chief of Staff, attempted to disestablish the Chemical Corps because he saw no need for it. Had that decision not been reversed in 1976, there would not have been any chemical defense specialists or equipment available for Operation Desert Storm in 1990.

This study tracks events relating to the Department of Defense's CB warfare program between 1968 and 1990, as it evolved up to the Gulf War. It also details how the military develops and procures CB defense equipment to protect today's soldiers. Mauroni draws parallels between the development of binary chemical weapons, the chemical demilitarization program, and the DoD CB terrorism response efforts, as each has very similar issues and solutions. He seeks to educate leading officials and the general public about the facts behind CB warfare and the options for coping with it in the future. With proper training and equipment, the challenge of CB warfare can be met and dealt with on the modern battlefield.

Author Notes

Albert J. Mauroni is a management consultant working on Department of Defense chemical-biological defense programs. He has fourteen years experience as an Army chemical officer. He lives in Abingdon, Maryland with his wife Roseann and their three dogs.

Table of Contents

Tables and Figuresp. ix
Prefacep. xi
Abbreviationsp. xv
Part I Demise of the Chemical Corps
1. Swords or Shields: The Debate over WMDsp. 3
2. The Chemical Corps Enters the Cold Warp. 17
3. The Chemical Corps Begins Its Fallp. 29
4. Bad News Gets Worsep. 45
5. Regaining CB Defense Capabilitiesp. 61
Part II The Renaissance Years Begin, 1979-84
6. Changes in Doctrine and Trainingp. 75
7. Reconnaissance, Detection, and Identificationp. 93
8. Individual Protectionp. 107
9. Collective Protectionp. 119
10. Decontaminationp. 127
Part III The Renaissance Years Fade, 1985-90
11. Politics of Chemical Arms and Chemical Defensep. 137
12. Reconnaissance, Detection, and Identification--Part 2p. 151
13. Individual Protection--Part 2p. 163
14. Collective Protection and Decontamination--Part 2p. 173
15. Smoke, Radiacs, and Medical CB Defensep. 185
Part IV Current Events
16. Iraq's CB Warfare Programp. 199
17. Operation Desert Shield/Stormp. 215
18. Restructuring the DoD CB Defense Programp. 233
19. Domestic Affairsp. 243
20. Conclusionsp. 255
Notesp. 263
Selected Bibliographyp. 285
Indexp. 289