Cover image for The handy ocean answer book
The handy ocean answer book
Svarney, Thomas E.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Detroit : Visible Ink Press, [2000]

Physical Description:
xvi, 570 pages : illustrations (some color), maps (some color) ; 24 cm
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
GC28 .S88 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Open Shelf
GC28 .S88 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
GC28 .S88 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Non circulating

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Long before there were fast food restaurants, the oceans helped sustain human life. Covering 70 percent of the surface area of our globe, the oceans are vast and mysterious and primal and pretty much everywhere you go. What is El Niño and how does it affect the oceans and the weather? What is a riptide? Where does the salt in seawater come from? Are there mountains undersea? How many species of fish exist in the world? Can an ocean be a color other than blue? How do whales breathe? Arevolcanoes forming in the oceans today? Boy, we have some questions. The Handy Ocean Answer Book tackles these and 1,000 other questions on ocean life, waterspouts, whirlpools, ocean shelves, tides and quakes, ocean bottoms, navigation, famous shipwrecks, and the effects of pollution and global warming. Plus, you'll find out what clues the ocean has revealed about the origins and evolution of life on our planet and major climate changes. With 180 photos and illustrations, this book will please dedicated landlubbers and salty sailors alike.

Author Notes

Thomas E. Svarney is a scientist, naturalist, and artist. Patricia Barnes-Svarney has been a nonfiction science and science fiction writer for more than 15 years. She has worked professionally as a geomorphologist and oceanographer and has written or coau

Reviews 1

Booklist Review

These new titles in The Handy Answer Book series solve such riddles as "What Triassic period dinosaur galloped?" and "What is Pfiesteria piscicida?" (Answers: Erpetosuchus [maybe]; and a recently discovered species of algae harmful to marine animals.)

Table of Contents

Introductionp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Color Photo Creditsp. xv
The Physical Oceans
Ocean Basicsp. 3
Sea Level
Comparing the Oceans and Seas
Hot and Cold at Sea
The Ancient Oceansp. 41
The Geologic Time Scale
The Early Oceans
Life in the Ancient Oceans
Understanding the Oceanp. 75
The Interaction of Ocean and Air
Weather on the Oceans
Other Ocean Patterns: Upwellings, El Nino, La Nina, and "Roving Blobs"
The Shorep. 123
The Coast Defined
Coastal Features
The Shore Defined
Shore Waves and Currents
Beyond the Shorep. 155
The Edges of the Continental Margins
Barrier and Continental Islands
The Ocean Floorp. 185
Continental Drift and Plate Tectonics
Ridges and Rifts
Underwater Volcanoes and Earthquakes
Other Features of the Ocean Floor: Seamounts, Trenches, Plains, Hills, and Plateaus
Life in the Oceans
An Ocean of Lifep. 227
Marine Plants
Marine Animals
The Food Chain
Small Life in the Ocean
Marine Mammals, Birds and Reptilesp. 261
Defining Marine Mammals
Whales and Dolphins
Seals, Sea Lions, and Walruses
Sea Cows, Dugongs, and Manatees
Sea Otters
Marine Birds
Marine Reptiles
Fish and Other Ocean Lifep. 303
Defining Fish
Classifying Fish
Other Marine Creatures: Worms, Sponges, Anemones, Jellyfish, Mollusks, and More
Ocean Communitiesp. 351
Types of Marine Communities
Shore Communities (Rocky and Sandy)
Coastal Wetland Communities
Mangrove Communities
Communities Beyond the Tides
Communities at the Ocean Vents
Communities of the Deep Ocean
Humans and the Oceans
Making Use of the Oceansp. 381
Out to Sea in Ships
Navigating the Seas
Peril at Sea
Venturing under the Waves
Famous Oceanographic Expeditions and Famous Ocean Scientists
Harvesting the Oceans
Global Ocean Conditionsp. 431
Natural Marine Problems
The Oceans and Natural Hazards
Changes in the Ocean and Climate
Watching the Oceansp. 461
Monitoring Ocean Weather
Mapping the Ocean Bottom
Ocean Observation Programs
Monitoring the Oceans from Above
The Public and Oceanographyp. 497
Reading about the Ocean
The Ocean in Television and Movies
Getting Involved
Oceanographic Institutions and Organizations
Internet Resources
Careers in Oceanography
Indexp. 557