Cover image for Gettysburg : a battlefield guide
Gettysburg : a battlefield guide
Grimsley, Mark.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Lincoln : University of Nebraska Press, [1999]

Physical Description:
xv, 212 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm.
Added Author:
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
E475.56 .G75 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

On Order



Little Round Top, the Railroad Cut, Pickett's Charge--these are the turning points within the most important battle of the Civil War. Even careful students of Gettysburg, however, can find themselves disoriented when visiting the site itself. Here, finally, is a convenient guide for serious student and casual visitor alike that makes plain the sweep of events and the geography of the battlefield. This invaluable guidebook was created by scholars who have walked the battlegrounds, consulted with local experts and park guides, and studied the testimony left behind by the participants. Gettysburg will help you find all the important locales and understand what the participants saw in 1863, even if you have no prior knowledge of the battle. Designed to enhance the experience of both first-time and returning visitors, this guide can be used alone or as a supplement to a tour. Clearly written and illustrated with maps and photographs, this is the book to have when you explore Gettysburg.

Author Notes

Mark Grimsley is an associate professor of history at Ohio State University. He is the author of The Hard Hand of War: Union Military Policy toward Southern Civilians, 1861-1865 . Brooks D. Simpson is a professor of history at Arizona State University. He is the author of several books, including The Reconstruction Presidents.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

Grimsley and Simpson's easy-to-use guide to the Gettysburg battlefield is very practical and helpful for site visitors and historians. The interpretive text includes participant accounts that shed light on what happened. Each viewing point is treated as a specific event, with directions, orientation at the spot, and analytical sections that explain what happened. An appendix contains good information on army organization, Civil War tactics, and most important, an indication of the significance of the landscape. Major drawbacks are that the chronology seems disjointed because the battle's chronology is portrayed spatially as dictated by the modern roadway network with one-way traffic. Contiguous maps could show more connections to each other; not all roads are named, making it difficult to cross-reference one map to another. These observations aside, this guide will supplant the 1986 Luvaas and Nelson battlefield guide because it offers more explanatory detail and relies less on original material. All levels. L. E. Babits; East Carolina University

Table of Contents

Introductionp. xi
How to Use This Guidep. xiii
The Gettysburg Campaign: May-June 1863p. 3
Overview of the First Day, July 1p. 9
Stop 1 McPherson's Ridge, June 30-July 1, 6:00-10:45 A.M.p. 11
Stop 1A "You'll Have to Fight Like the Devil," June 30p. 11
Stop 1B Buford's Defense, July 1, 6:00-10:00 A.M.p. 13
Stop 1C Reynolds Arrives, 10:00 A.M.p. 14
Stop 1D The Union Infantry Deploys, 10:45 A.M.p. 15
Buford's Defense Excursionp. 16
Stop A The First Shot, 7:30 A.M.p. 16
Stop B Herr's Tavern, 7:30-11:00 A.M.p. 17
Stop 2 Herbst Woods, 10:45-11:45 A.M.p. 18
Stop 2A The Iron Brigade Holds, 10:45-11:15 A.M.p. 19
Stop 2B The Afternoon Fight, 11:45 A.M.-3:30 P.M.p. 20
Stop 2C The Attack on the Seminary, 2:45-4:45 P.M.p. 22
Stop 3 The Railroad Cut, 10:30-11:30 A.M.p. 25
Stop 3A Cutler's Brigade Goes into Action, 10:30-10:45 A.M.p. 26
Stop 3B The Ordeal of the 147th New York, 10:30-11:00 A.M.p. 28
Stop 3C Encounter in the Railroad Cut, 11:00-11:30 A.M.p. 30
Stop 4 Oak Hill, 10:30 A.M.-1:00 P.M.p. 33
Stop 4A Rodes Joins the Fray, 10:30-1:00 P.M.p. 34
Stop 4B Arms and Ammunition: Artilleryp. 36
Stop 4C Arms and Ammunition: Muskets and Carbinesp. 37
Stop 5 Oak Ridge, 1:00-3:00 P.M.p. 39
Stop 5A Baxter Checks O'Neal, 2:00-2:20 P.M.p. 40
Stop 5B Iverson's Assault, 2:10-2:30 P.M.p. 42
Stop 5C The XI Corps Deploys, 1:00-3:00 P.M.p. 44
Stop 6 Barlow's Knoll, 3:00-4:00 P.M.p. 47
Stop 7 Benner's Hill, July 1-2p. 51
Stop 7A A Lost Opportunity? July 1, 5:00-9:00 P.M.p. 52
Stop 7B Lee Plans to Renew the Battle, July 1, 5:00-9:00 P.M.p. 54
Stop 7C Ewell's Role in the Fighting, July 2, 4:30-7:00 P.M.p. 57
Overview of the Second Day, July 2p. 59
Stop 8 Berdan's Loop, noon-1:00 P.M.p. 62
Stop 9 Pitzer's Woods, 3:30-6:00 P.M.p. 65
Stop 10 Warfield Ridge, 4:00-4:30 P.M.p. 68
Stop 10A Hood's Protest, 4:00 P.M.p. 68
Stop 10B The Alabamians Advance, 3:30-4:30 P.M.p. 69
Stop 11 Little Round Top, 3:30-6:30 P.M.p. 70
Stop 11A Warren Takes Action, 3:30-5:00 P.M.p. 70
Stop 11B O'Rorke Saves Vincent's Right, 4:30-5:30 P.M.p. 74
Stop 11C The Stand of the 20th Maine, 4:00-6:30 P.M.p. 76
Stop 12 Houck's Ridge, 4:50-5:45 P.M.p. 79
Stop 12A Ward's Defense, 4:50-5:30 P.M.p. 80
Stop 12B The Orange Blossoms, 4:50-5:30 P.M.p. 82
Stop 12C Benning Sweeps the Ridge, 5:30-5:45 P.M.p. 84
Stop 13 The Wheatfield, 5:15-6:30 P.M.p. 86
Stop 13A The 17th Maine, 5:15-5:45 P.M.p. 86
Stop 13B Kershaw's Attack, 5:30-6:00 P.M.p. 88
Stop 13C Caldwell's Counterattack, 6:00-6:30 P.M.p. 90
Wheatfleld Excursionp. 92
Stop A Winslow's Battery, 5:00-5:40 P.M.p. 92
Stop B The Stony Hill: Barnes's Error, 5:40-6:00 P.M.p. 93
Stop C1 Caldwell's Counterattack: Deployment, 5:30-6:00 P.M.p. 95
Stop C2 Caldwell's Division Clears the Wheatfield, 6:00-6:30 P.M.p. 96
Stop D Caldwell's Counterattack Crests, 6:30-6:45 P.M.p. 97
Stop E "I Think We Are Facing in the Wrong Direction," 6:45-7:00 P.M.p. 98
Stop F1 The Regulars Arrive, 6:00-6:30 P.M.p. 100
Stop F2 The Regulars Attack, 6:30-7:00 P.M.p. 102
Stop F3 The Regulars Are Destroyed, 7:00-7:30 P.M.p. 104
Stop F4 Crawford's Counterattack, 7:30-7:45 P.M.p. 106
Stop 14 The Peach Orchard, 3:30-6:00 P.M.p. 108
Stop 14A The Opening Attack, 3:30-5:00 P.M.p. 110
Stop 14B Barksdale's Charge, 5:00-6:00 P.M.p. 112
Stop 15 Trostle's Farm, 3:30-6:00 P.M.p. 115
Stop 15A Sickles the Incredible, 2:30-3:00 P.M.p. 116
Stop 15B The 9th Massachusetts Artillery, 3:45-6:00 P.M.p. 119
Stop 16 South Cemetery Ridge, 7:00-9:00 P.M.p. 121
Stop 16A The Charge of the 1st Minnesota, 7:00-9:00 P.M.p. 122
Stop 16B Wright's Attack, 7:00-9:00 P.M.p. 124
Stop 17 Culp's Hill, 6:00 A.M.-9:30 P.M.p. 126
Stop 17A Greene Holds the Line, 6:00 A.M.-7:00 P.M.p. 126
Stop 17B Johnson Attacks, 7:00-9:30 P.M.p. 129
Stop 17C Fighting on the Third Day, July 3, 4:30 A.M.-noonp. 130
Stop 18 Culp's Hill Summit, July 2, 5:30 P.M.-July 3, 1:00 P.M.p. 132
Stop 19 East Cemetery Hill, July 2, 7:30-9:00 P.M.p. 135
Overview of the Third Day, July 3p. 139
Stop 20 The High Water Mark, 9:00 A.M.-4:15 P.M.p. 141
Stop 20A Overview of the Union Position, 9:00 A.M.-3:00 P.M.p. 142
Stop 20B "Here They Come!" 3:00-3:45 P.M.p. 145
Stop 20C The Confederate Breakthrough, 3:20-3:30 P.M.p. 148
Stop 20D "Boys, Give Them the Cold Steel!" 3:30-3:45 P.M.p. 150
Stop 20E "Double Canister at Ten Paces!" 3:30-3:45 P.M.p. 151
Stop 20F Vermonters on the Flank, 3:30-4:15 P.M.p. 152
Pickett's Charge Excursionp. 154
Stop A The Confederate Deploymentp. 154
Stop B Pickett's Advancep. 157
Stop C "Left-Oblique!"p. 159
Stop D Dressing the Linep. 161
Stop E A Tactical Triumphp. 163
Stop F Closing with the Enemyp. 164
East Cavalry Battlefield Excursionp. 167
Stop A Cress Ridge, 11:00 A.M.-2:00 P.M.p. 168
Stop B The Struggle for Rummel's Farm, 2:00-3:00 P.M.p. 170
Stop C Confederates Checked, 3:00-4:00 P.M.p. 172
South Cavalry Battlefield Excursionp. 174
Stop A Merritt's Position, noon-3:00 P.M.p. 174
Stop B Farnsworth's Charge, 5:30 P.M.p. 176
Stop C Farnsworth's Death, 5:45 P.M.p. 178
The Gettysburg Campaign, July 4-14, 1863p. 181
Appendix A Organization, Weapons, and Tacticsp. 183
Appendix B Orders of Battlep. 195
Sourcesp. 207
For Further Readingp. 211