Cover image for Encyclopedia of interest groups and lobbyists in the United States
Title:
Encyclopedia of interest groups and lobbyists in the United States
Author:
Ness, Immanuel.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Armonk, N.Y. : M.E. Sharpe, 2000.
Physical Description:
2 volumes : illustrations ; 29 cm
Summary:
Provides information about a variety of organizations, arranged alphabetically within such groupings as Agriculture, Environmental, Health, Labor, and Political, Ideological and Religious.
Language:
English
Contents:
v. 1. Interest groups -- Banking, finance, insurance, and real estate -- Service, trade, and professional -- Media, entertainment, and information -- Health and medical -- Agriculture -- Environment -- Industry, construction, and transport -- v. 2. Labor -- Civil and human rights -- Single issue -- Identity -- Foreign -- Political action committees and lobbyists: tables and figures -- Political action committees -- Lobbyists.
ISBN:
9780765680228
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

A comprehensive general reference on major American interest groups. This encyclopedia provides information on the lobbies and interest groups that dominate modern American politics. It provides descriptions of 13 categories of groups, followed by A-Z entries on the groups within that category.


Reviews 2

Booklist Review

With the daily papers stuffed full of news and rumors about campaign finance, what could be more timely than a reference source on interest groups and lobbyists? This source lays bare the inner workings of almost 200 of them. Content is broken into 13 areas of activity under which lobbying groups are presented in alphabetical order. The areas of activity include "Banking, Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate," "Health and Medical," and "Civil Rights," among others. "Health and Medical" lists organizations such as the American Heart Association, American Nurses Association, and American Psychiatric Association. Similarly, "Civil Rights" covers the ACLU, Human Rights Watch, and the National Coalition for the Homeless. Single-issue groups like the Citizens Flag Alliance, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, and Zero Population Growth are lumped together in a separate chapter. Also included is a "Foreign" section for groups like Cuban exiles and the European Union. Individual entries are divided into four subsections: introduction, history, activities, and financial facts. Together these subsections offer the researcher 1,500 to 2,000 words on each group. The introduction describes what the group is like today, the history portion explains its origins, and the activities part describes the group's current legislative and political agenda. The financial facts are often accompanied by a graph or chart. Brief bibliographies cite sources of information. Following the entries, more than 100 pages of tables and figures give information on 1997 to 1998 contributions from political action committees and on the lobbying expenses of the various interest groups. This section is followed by a directory of contact information, a glossary, an extensive bibliography organized by topic, and a detailed index. Two related titles should be noted as complements. Columbia Books' annual Washington Representatives is a directory of lobbyists, foreign agents, consultants, legal advisors, and various government representatives. Upon reading about the United Food and Commercial Workers International Union in Encyclopedia of Interest Groups, the researcher can look in Washington Representatives to find the names of specific individuals who serve as their lobbyists. Also worth mentioning is Congressional Quarterly's Open Secrets: The Encyclopedia of Congressional Money and Politics (1996), which is designed to let the user look up a specific legislator and learn from whom he or she is receiving contributions. This trio of books will work well together. Encyclopedia of Interest Groups is recommended for academic and public libraries. It is a solid reference work, virtually the only encyclopedia in this area, and it is very topical.


Choice Review

This encyclopedia intends to provide comprehensive profiles of key special interest groups in the US and to supplement this information by describing the role special interest organizations play in shaping public policy and defining the nation's political agendas. It has two parts. The first lists 197 organizations alphabetically under 13 subject categories (e.g., labor, the environment). Each category begins with an essay surveying key themes and an analysis of the influence each set of interest groups exerts on the political process. Each entry describes the organization and its purpose, outlines its history and development, examines its current and prospective legislative and political agendas, and describes its expenses and political donations. Entries for groups contributing to political campaigns include data on donations over the past several elections. A bibliography follows each essay. Part 2 supplies statistical tables and figures in two sections: data on 1997 and 1998 donations from political action committees, and data on their lobbying expenses. Ancillary materials include contact information; a glossary of terms; a bibliography of books, journal articles, and Internet sites; and a list of acronyms and abbreviations (in vol. 1). The essays in this outstanding source are well written, informational, and free of bias. The statistical data are presented in a manner that helps readers understand the economics underlying political influence in US politics. The supplementary information supplies context, offering a more complete understanding of each organization than general directories like Encyclopedia of Associations. Highly recommended for all levels of readers. R. V. Labaree; University of Southern California


Table of Contents

Part I Interest Groups
Section 1 Banking, Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate
Introduction
American Bankers Association
America's Community Bankers
American Council of Life Insurance
American Financial Services Association
American Institute of Certified Public Accountants
Credit Union National Association
Independent Community Bankers of America
Independent Insurance Agents of America
National Association of Independent Insurers
National Association of Insurance Commissioners
National Association of Life Underwriters
National Association of Professional Insurance Agents
National Association of Realtors
National Venture Capital Association
Securities Industry Association
Section 2 Service, Trade, and Professional
Introduction
American Bar Association
American Gaming Association
American Hotel and Motel Association
American Library Association
American Association of Advertising Agencies
Association of Trial Lawyers of America
Food Marketing Institute
Fraternal Order of Police
National Association of Convenience Stores
National Association of Retired Federal Employees
National Association of Retired Federal Employees
National Association of Social Workers
National Automobile Dealers Association
National Beer Wholesalers Association
National Dederation of Independent Business
National Funeral Directors Association
National Restaurant Association
Petroleoum Marketers Association of America
United States Chamber of Commerce
Section 3 Media, Entertainment, and Information
Introduction
Accuracy in Media
American Council on Education
Association of American Publishers
Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting
Magazine Publishers of America
Motion Picture Association of America
National Association of Broadcasters
National Cable Television Association
Newspaper Association of America
Recording Industry Association of America
Software and Information Industry Association
Section 4 Health and Medical
Introduction
American Academy of Ophthalmology
American Cancer Society
American Chiropractic Association
American College of Emergency Physicians
American Dietic Association
American Federation for AIDS Research
American Healthcare Association
American Hospital Association
American Medical Association
American Nurses Association
American Occupational Therapy Association
American Psychiatric Association
American Society of Anesthesiologists
Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association
Section 5 Agriculture
Introduction
American Farm Bureau Federation
American Agriculture Movement
American Meat Institute
American Sugerbeet Growers Association
International Dairy Foods Association
National Association of Wheat Growers
National Cattlemen's Beef Association
National Chicken Council
National Cotton Council of America
National Council of Farmers Cooperatives
National Farmers Organization
National Farmers Union
National Grange
National Pork Producers Council
Organic Trade Association
United Egg Association
Section 6 Environment
Introduction
Environmental Defense Fund
Friends of the Earth
Greenpeace
Izaak Walton League
League of Conservation Voters
National Audubon Society
National Wildlife Federation
Rainforest Action Network
Sierra Club
Wise Use Movement
Section 7 Industry, Construction, and Transport
Introduction
Aerospace Industries Association
Air Transport Association
American Forest and Paper Association
American Furniture Manufacturers Association
American Textile Manufacturers Institute
American Trucking Associations
Associated Builders and Contractors
Business Roundtable
Chemical Manufacturers Association
Distilled Spirits Council of the United States
Edison Electric Institute
National Association of Home Builders
National Association of Manufacturers
National Mining Association
Nuclear Energy Institute
Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America
Printing Industries of America
Semiconductor Industry Association
Technology Network
Section 8 Labor
Introduction
Airline Pilots Association
American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations
American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees
American Federation of Teachers
American Postal Workers Union
Communications Workers of America
Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees International Union
International Association of Fire Fighters
International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers
International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers
International Brotherhood of Teamsters
International Union of Operating Engineers
Laborers' International Union of North America
National Education Association
Seafarers International Union of North America
Service Employees International Union
Transport Workers Union of America
Union of Needletrades, Industrial, and Textile Employees
United Automobile Workers
United Food and Commercial Workers International Union
United Steelworkers of America
United Transportation Union
Section 9 Civil and Human Rights
Introduction
ACORN (Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now)
American Civil Liberties Union
Anti-Defamation League
Freedom House
Human Rights Watch
League of Women Voters of the United States
Legal Services Corporation
National Coalition for the Homeless
National Lawyers Guild
Section 10 Political, Religious, and Ideological
Introduction
American Conservative Union
American Enterprise Institute
Americans for Democratic Action
Americans for Tax Reform
Brookings Institution
Cato Institute
Center for Public Integrity
Center for Responsive Politics
Christian Coalition
Citizens for a Sound Economy
Common Cause
Economic Policy Institute
Heritage Foundation
Hudson Institute
John Birch Society
National Council of the Churches of Christ
National Taxpayers Union
Public Citizen
United States Catholic Conference
U.S. Public Interest Research Group
Section 11 Single Issue
Introduction
Americans United for the Separation of Church and State
Citizens Flag Alliance
Council for a Livable World
Handgun Control, Inc.
Mothers Against Drunk Driving
National Abortion and Reproductive Rights Action League
National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare
National Rifle Association
National Right to Life Committee
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
Planned Parenthood Federation of America
Union of Concerned Scientists
U.S. English
U.S. Term Limits
Zero Population Growth
Section 12 Identity
Introduction
American Association of Retired Persons
American Indian Movement
American Legion
Congress of Racial Equality
Emily's List
Human Rights Campaign
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
National Gay and Lesbian Task Force
National Organization for Women
Section 13 Foreign
Introduction
China
Cuban Exiles
European Union
Israel
Japan
Mexico
Nigeria
Russia
Taiwan
Turkey
Part II Political Action Committees and Lobbyists
Tables and Figures
Section 1 Political Action Committees
Section 2 Lobbyists
Contact Information
Glossary
Bibliography
Index