Cover image for Encyclopedia of world political systems
Title:
Encyclopedia of world political systems
Author:
Derbyshire, J. Denis.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Armonk, N.Y. : Sharpe Reference, [2000]

©2000
Physical Description:
2 volumes (930 pages) : maps ; 26 cm
Summary:
Describes systems of government from throughout the world, relates them to unique social and economic influences, identifies particular features common to all or most, and makes objective comparisons.
Language:
English
Contents:
The comparative approach -- Understanding political systems -- Constitutions -- The ideological bases -- Executives -- Legislature, assemblies, and congresses -- Elections and voters -- Political parties -- Political systems of the World's nation-states -- Asia -- Central America and the Caribbean -- Central, Eastern and Southern Europe -- Central and Southern Africa -- The Middle East and North Africa -- North America -- Northern and Western Europe -- Oceania -- South America -- Towards one world -- The relics of empire: colonies, dependencies and semi-sovereign states -- The world grows smaller: international cooperation.
Added Author:
ISBN:
9780765680259
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

This comprehensive resource provides up-to-date political coverage of every country and political entity in the world today. It incorporates all the major global and regional changes following the decolonization of Hong Kong in 1997, recent leadership changes in China and Russia, the results of the Dayton Peace Accord, the rise of the New Labor Party in the UK, the 1999 elections in Israel and South Africa, and the continued search for peace in the Middle East and Northern Ireland. The economic crisis in Asia and the widespread growth of world nuclear powers are also covered.


Reviews 1

Booklist Review

Now in its second edition, Encyclopedia of World Political Systems has increased its coverage to keep up with the proliferation of sovereign nation states. When the first edition was released, six years ago, there were 165 independent states. In the 2000 edition, the editors cover 192 sovereign nations. As in the first edition, the emphasis in the coverage is comparative: to quote the authors, "`To understand others is a certain way of understanding ourselves' might well be the motto for this book." The encyclopedia attempts to describe systems of government throughout the world, document unique social and economic differences, identify particular features common to all or most, and make objective comparisons. It is divided into three major parts. Part one, "The Comparative Approach," provides seven chapters on political systems, constitutions, elections, and political parties. Part two, "Political Systems of the World's Nation States," provides information on the countries themselves. The final part, "Towards One World," presents two chapters describing the historical relics of empires and colonies and a chapter on the new ways that nation states are cooperating. Part two, the major portion of the set, is divided into nine broad world regions--Asia, Central America, North America, and so forth. Each regional section starts with an essay and tables giving social, economic, and political data (literacy rates, income type, human-rights rating, world ranking, etc.) for the countries in each section. The country information in each section is arranged alphabetically and consists of a black-and-white map of the country and a summary giving its capital, social and economic data (current to 1995 or 1992), heads of state and government, ethnic and religious composition, and political features. Narratives of several pages cover the political systems, political parties, political leaders since 1970, and results of the latest elections. Data here are current to 1999. The strength of the encyclopedia is its use of tables that provide truly comparative political data. There are nearly 80 tables giving information as basic as "Nation states of the world" and "Electoral systems" or more sophisticated displays providing "Average age of liberal democratic regimes" or "Regional distribution of states by political structure and number of assembly chambers." With a few exceptions, no sources for the tabular data are provided. Libraries owning resources such as Gale's annual Countries of the World and Their Leaders or Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations (9th ed., Gale, 1998) may want to forgo the purchase of this set. However, in this new world of global business and other interdependent relations, academic and public libraries needing strong comparative political data could fill the need with Encyclopedia of World Political Systems.


Table of Contents

Part I The Comparative Approach
Chapter 1 Understanding Political Systems
Political Animal
What is a Political System?
The Advantages of Comparing Systems
The Nation-State
The Plan of the Book
Chapter 2 Constitutions
What a Constitution Is
What a Constitution Is Not written and Unwritten Constitutions
What a Constitution Contains Rigidity and Flexibility
Separation or Fusion of Powers
Unitary or federal States
The Distribution of Power
The Role of the Judiciary Religion and the State
Unusual Constitutional Features
How Important Are Constitutions?
Chapter 3 The Ideological Bases
The Nature of Ideology
Liberal Democracy
Emergent Democracy
Communism
Nationalistic Socialism
Authoritarian Nationalism
Military Authoritarianism
Islamic Nationalism Absolutism
The Changing Balance of Ideologies
Chapter 4 Executives Political Executives
The Parliamentary Executive
The Limited Presidential Executive
The Dual Executive
The Communist Executive
The Unlimited Presidential Executive
The Military Executive
The Absolute Executive
Chapter 5 Legislature, Assemblies, and Congresses
The Nature of Legislatures
Legislative Functions
Comparing Legislatures or Assemblies
One Chamber or Two?
Membership and Designation of Legislatures
Legislative Size
Legislative-Executive Relationship
The Representation of Interests
Chapter 6 Elections and Voters
The Importance of Elections
Voting qualifications
Voting Systems
Elections Turnouts
Election-Rigging: Methods and Extent
Direct Democracy: The Growing Use of Referenda
Chapter 7 Political Parties
The Mobilization of Sectional Interests
Pressure Groups Monism, Pluralism, and Corporatism
Pressure Groups and Political Parties
Parties in Liberal and Emergent
Democracies Parties in Communist States
The Party in Noncommunist
One-Party States
Parties in Militaristic and Absolutist States
Political Parties and Electoral Systems
Parties and the Legal Environment
Part II Political Systems of the World's Nation-states
Introduction
Asia Afghanistan
Bangladesh
Bhutan
Brunei
Cambodia (Kampuchea)
China
Hong Kong
India
Indonesia
Japan
Kazakhstan
North Korea
South Korea
kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyzia)
Laos
Malaysia
Maldives
Mongolia
Myanmar(Burma), Nepal
Pakistan
Singapore
Sri Lanka
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Thailand
Turkmenistan
Uzbekuistan
Vietnam Central America and the Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda
Bahamas
Barbados
Belize
Costa Rica
Cuba
Dominicica
Dominican Republic
EI Salvador
Grenada
Guatemala
Haiti
Honduras
Jamaica
Mexico
Nicaragua
Panama
St.Christopher (St.Kitts)and Nevis
St.Lucia
St.Vincent and the Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago Central, Eastern, and Southern Europe Albania
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Belarus(Byelorussia)
Bosnia-Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Estonia
Georgia
Greece
Hungary
Latvia
Lithuania
Macedonia
Moldova
Poland
Romania
Russia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Turkey
Ukraine
Yugoslavia Central and Southern Africa Angola
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cameroon
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Comoros
Democratic Republic of
Congo
Republic of
Cote d'lvoire
Djibouti
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Nigeria
Rwanda
Sao Tome e
Principle
Senegal
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
Sudan
Swaziland
Tanzania
Togo
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe The Middle East and North Africa Algeria
Bahrain
Egypt
Iran : Iraq
Israel
Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Libya
Morocco
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
Tunisia
United Arab Emirates
Yemen North America Canada
United States of America (USA) Northern and Western Europe Andorra
Austria
Belgium
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Iceland
Ireland
Italy
Liechtenstein
Luxembourg
Malta
Monaco
Netherlands
Norway
Portugal
San Marino
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
United Kingdom (UK)
Vatican City State Oceania Australia
Fiji
Kiribati
Marshall Islands
Micronesia
The Federated States of (FSM)
Nauru
New Zealand
Palau
Papua New Guinea
The Philippines
Samoa (Western)
Solomon Islands
Tonga
Tuvalu
Vanuatu South America Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Guyana
Paraguay
Peru
Suriname
Uruguay
Venezuela
Part III Towards One World
Chapter 8 The Relics of Empire-Colonies, Dependencies, and Semi-Sovereign States
Building of the Colonial Empires: 1492-1919
Decolonization Process: 1920-98 Remaining Colonial Possessions and Dependencies in the World Today profiles of Existing Colonies and Dependencies: Australia, China, Denmark, Finland, France, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Spain, United Kingdom, United States
Chapter 9 The World Grows Smaller: International Cooperation Competition or Cooperation?
Global Cooperation
The United Nations Organization Global Cooperation
The Commonwealth Global Cooperation
The Non-Aligned Movement Global Cooperation: Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe/Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE/OSCE)
Global Cooperation: Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) Global Cooperation
The Antarctic Treaty Interregional Cooperation Military Cooperation
Appendic A Postwar Political Leaders in the World's Leading States
Appendix B Glossary of Abbreviations and Acronymns
Appendix C Data Sources
Index