Cover image for The Routledge historical atlas of religion in America
The Routledge historical atlas of religion in America
Carroll, Bret E., 1961-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
New York : Routledge, 2000.
Physical Description:
1 atlas (144 pages) : illustrations (some color), color maps ; 26 cm.

Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
G1201.E4 C3 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

On Order



First Published in 2001. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Author Notes

Bret E. Carroll is Assistant Professor of History at California State University, Stanislaus.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

Carroll (California State Univ., Stanislaus, and author of Spiritualism in Antebellum America, CH, Mar'98) offers another excellent volume in the "Routledge Atlases of American History" series. His small but extremely important publication provides a succinct, current atlas with the most up-to-date commentary. It is more inclusive than Peter Halverson and William Newman's The Atlas of Religious Change in America 1952-1990 (CH, Nov'94) and is smaller but differs in emphasis from Edwin Gaustad et al.'s New Historical Atlas of Religion in America (CH, Oct'01). Briefly covering the time period 30,000 BCE to 1997, in six chronologically and topically defined periods, the book charts the changes in American immigration and how they affected religious affiliation and the growth of diverse faiths. Carroll charts their rise from indigenous American religions to religions of the modern age, from American metaphysical movements to urban African American religions, from Bahi'i to Hinduism and Sikhism. Baptists, Lutherans, Roman Catholics, Jews, Restorationists, Mormons, Holiness and Pentecostals, all appear. Carroll emphasizes west to east and south to north migrations as well as east to west. Nonwhite and non-Protestant people are presented as are Euro-Americans. The atlas intends to reflect the diversity of religions and the state of research. It includes a chronology and an excellent list of further readings. Highly recommended for every library. D. D. Siles formerly, Elmhurst College

Table of Contents

Forewordp. 8
Introductionp. 10
Part I Indigenous American Religions, Prehistory-Presentp. 12
Northern Hunting Religionsp. 14
Southern Agricultural Religionsp. 16
Ancient Hawaiian Religionp. 18
Postcontact Revitalization and Accommodationp. 20
Part II European Christianity Colonizes America, 1500-1867p. 22
Spanish Catholic Colonizationp. 24
French Catholicism in North Americap. 26
Russian Orthodoxy Colonizes Americap. 28
Part III Colonial Formations, 1607-1800p. 30
The Church of England in Colonial Americap. 32
Puritanism in New Englandp. 34
Colonial Presbyterianismp. 38
The Rise and Fall of Quaker Regionsp. 40
The Rise of the Baptistsp. 42
The Development of American Methodismp. 44
Lutheran and Reformed Groupsp. 46
German Sectarians in British Americap. 50
Catholicism and Judaism in the Coloniesp. 52
The Great Awakeningp. 56
Part IV Protestant Expansion in the Nineteenth Centuryp. 60
The Second Great Awakeningp. 62
The Baptists and Methodists Surgep. 64
Missionary Outreachp. 66
Restorationism and the Disciples of Christp. 70
Unitarians and Universalistsp. 72
American Metaphysical Movementsp. 74
Communitarian Aspirationsp. 78
Mormonismp. 80
African-American Churchesp. 84
Part V World Religions and Growing Pluralism, 1850-Presentp. 88
The Growth of American Catholicismp. 90
The Development of American Judaismp. 94
Eastern Orthodoxy in Americap. 98
Islam in Americap. 102
Hinduism and Sikhism in Americap. 104
Buddhism in Americap. 108
Part VI Religions of the Modern Agep. 112
Fundamentalist Protestantismp. 114
Holiness and Pentecostalismp. 116
Urban African-American Religionsp. 120
Unificationism, Scientology, and Baha'ip. 124
Epilogue: American Religious Regionsp. 128
Chronologyp. 132
Further Readingp. 136
Indexp. 138
Acknowledgmentsp. 144