Cover image for 1999 world survey on the role of women in development : globalization, gender and work
Title:
1999 world survey on the role of women in development : globalization, gender and work
Author:
United Nations. Division for the Advancement of Women.
Publication Information:
New York : United Nations, [1999]

©1999
Physical Description:
xix, 76 pages ; 28 cm
General Note:
"ST/ESA/269"--T.p. verso.

"United Nations publication. Sales no. E.99.IV.8"--T.p. verso.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9789211302004
Format :
Book

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Table of Contents

Forewordp. v
Acknowledgmentsp. vi
Prefacep. vii
A. Backgroundp. vii
B. Gender and Developmentp. vii
1. Integrating women into the development paradigm: A brief historyp. viii
2. Emergence of women in developmentp. viii
3. Shift of focus from WID to GAD and gender mainstreamingp. viii
4. Global conferences and summits of the 1990sp. x
5. The case for making economics gender-awarep. xii
Introductionp. xv
A. Globalization, gender and recent labour market trendsp. xv
B. Economic role of gender in the context of globalizationp. xvi
1. Re-allocation of labourp. xvii
2. Adjustment costsp. xvii
3. Human capabilitiesp. xviii
C. Organization of chaptersp. xix
I Globalization of Trade, Capital and Financep. 1
A. Trade liberalization and expansion after the Second World Warp. 2
B. Mobility of physical capital and foreign direct investmentp. 3
C. Financial liberalization and portfolio investmentp. 6
II Employment and Displacement Effects of Globalizationp. 8
A. Employment effectsp. 9
1. Manufacturing sectorp. 9
2. Foreign direct investment (FDI) and export processing zones (EPZs)p. 9
3. Service sectorp. 10
4. Informal sectorp. 11
5. Agriculturep. 11
B. Displacement effectsp. 12
C. Assessing the employment effects of globalizationp. 13
1. Women's position within the householdp. 13
2. Conditions of workp. 14
3. Female-male pay differentialsp. 14
4. Occupational segregation by sexp. 16
III Internationalization of Production, Reorganization of Work and "Flexibilization" of Labourp. 21
A. Transformation of workp. 21
1. Changing structure of outputp. 22
2. Drive towards flexibility and labour market liberalizationp. 22
B. The rise of flexible jobsp. 23
1. Part-time workp. 23
2. The changing nature of the informal sectorp. 24
3. Measuring the informal sectorp. 27
4. Home-based workp. 27
C. Changing patterns of international labour mobilityp. 31
1. Temporary migration of "rented" workers in manufacturing assemblyp. 32
2. Domestic and entertainment sector workersp. 34
IV Changing Patterns of Rural Women's Workp. 37
A. Counting rural women's workp. 37
B. Commercialization and market liberalization in agriculturep. 37
1. Gender division of labourp. 39
2. Privatizationp. 40
C. Responses to market economy at the household levelp. 42
1. Entrepreneurial activityp. 42
2. Restructuring household division of labourp. 43
3. Organizationp. 44
V Transformation of the Public Policy Environmentp. 46
A. Deflationary bias in macroeconomic policyp. 46
1. Gender effects of economic stagnationp. 47
2. Gender biases in social security systemsp. 47
B. Increased risk and volatilityp. 48
1. A case study of increased volatility: the Asian financial crisisp. 48
2. The gender effects of the Asian crisisp. 49
C. Diminishing role of the State and social protection gapp. 50
1. Erosion of the tax basep. 51
2. Changing patterns of public spendingp. 52
3. Macroeconomics of structural adjustment and genderp. 53
VI Conclusion and Gender-Aware Policy Frameworkp. 55
A. Summary of labour market trendsp. 55
B. Impact on gender relationsp. 56
C. Towards a gender-aware policy agendap. 57
1. Enhancing gender equality and mobility of labourp. 58
2. Mitigating adjustment costs by bolstering employment securityp. 59
3. Gender inequality and investment in human resourcesp. 59
4. Engendering macroeconomic policiesp. 60
5. International measures for an enabling policy environmentp. 60
Referencesp. 62