Cover image for Metallographic etching : techniques for metallotraphy, ceramography, plastography
Title:
Metallographic etching : techniques for metallotraphy, ceramography, plastography
Author:
Petzow, G.
Personal Author:
Uniform Title:
Metallographisches √Ątzen. English
Edition:
Second edition.
Publication Information:
Materials Park, OH : ASM International, 1999.
Physical Description:
ix, 240 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
General Note:
Originally published: Metals Park, Ohio : American Society for Metals, c1978.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780871706331
Format :
Book

Available:*

Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Item Holds
Searching...
TN690.7 .P4713 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
Searching...

On Order

Summary

Summary

This book is an outstanding source of etchants of all types, and electrolytic polishing solutions used by metallographers to reveal the structures of nearly any material ever prepared and examined. The introductory text on specimen preparation and theory of etching has been expanded and updated to cover all common procedures as well as some specialized methods. Also included is new information on safety. The new edition has been considerably expanded, with more than twice the content of the previous English edition of this atlas of etching techniques for metals, ceramics, and polymers. The chapter on metallography covers new developments in the metallic groups and the novel material combinations that are used in many fields of high technology.


Table of Contents

Preface to the German Editionp. VIII
Prefacep. IX
Introductionp. 1
1 Metallographyp. 7
1.1 Preparation of Metallographic Specimensp. 7
1.2 Specimen Sectioningp. 8
1.3 Mountingp. 11
1.3.1 Clampingp. 12
1.3.2 Embeddingp. 13
1.3.3 Special Mounting Techniquesp. 15
1.4 Identification (Marking)p. 18
1.5 Grinding and Polishingp. 18
1.5.1 Mechanical Grinding and Polishingp. 19
1.5.2 Microtome Cutting and Ultramillingp. 29
1.5.3 Electrolytic Grinding and Polishingp. 30
1.5.4 Chemical Polishingp. 34
1.5.5 Combined Polishing Methodsp. 34
1.5.6 Evaluation of Polishing Methodsp. 36
1.6 Cleaningp. 37
1.7 Metallographic Etchingp. 38
1.7.1 Optical Etchingp. 39
1.7.2 Electrochemical (Chemical) Etchingp. 40
1.7.3 Physical Etchingp. 44
1.7.4 Etching Reproducibilityp. 45
1.7.5 Etching Terminologyp. 47
1.7.6 Definitions of Etching Termsp. 47
1.8 Field Metallography/Nondestructive Metallographyp. 50
1.9 Preparation and Etching Recipes for Metallic Materialsp. 51
1.9.1 Silverp. 53
1.9.2 Aluminump. 57
1.9.3 Goldp. 64
1.9.4 Berylliump. 67
1.9.5 Bismuth and Antimonyp. 70
1.9.6 Cadmium, Indium, and Thalliump. 72
1.9.7 Cobaltp. 75
1.9.8 Refractory Metals (Chromium, Molybdenum, Niobium, Rhenium, Tantalum, Vanadium, and Tungsten)p. 80
1.9.9 Copperp. 88
1.9.10 Iron, Steel, and Cast Ironp. 94
1.9.11 Semiconductors (Germanium, Silicon, Selenium, Tellurium, A[subscript III]B[subscript VI], and A[subscript II]B[subscript VI]Compounds)p. 102
1.9.12 Hafnium and Zirconiump. 109
1.9.13 Mercury (Amalgams)p. 112
1.9.14 Magnesiump. 114
1.9.15 Manganesep. 117
1.9.16 Nickelp. 118
1.9.17 Leadp. 125
1.9.18 Platinum Metals (Platinum, Palladium, Rhodium, Iridium, Ruthenium, and Osmium)p. 130
1.9.19 Plutonium, Thorium, and Uranium, Americium, and Neptuniump. 133
1.9.20 Tinp. 135
1.9.21 Titaniump. 139
1.9.22 Yttrium, Lanthanum, and Rare Earth Metalsp. 144
1.9.23 Zincp. 148
2 Ceramographyp. 153
2.1 Sample Preparation for Ceramic Materialsp. 153
2.2 Samplingp. 154
2.3 Mountingp. 154
2.4 Identificationp. 155
2.5 Grinding and Polishingp. 155
2.5.1 Mechanical Grinding and Polishingp. 155
2.5.2 Other Grinding and Polishing Methodsp. 158
2.6 Cleaningp. 158
2.7 Ceramographic Etchingp. 159
2.7.1 Optical Etchingp. 159
2.7.2 Electrochemical (Chemical) Etchingp. 160
2.7.3 Physical Etchingp. 162
2.8 Preparation and Etch Recipes of Ceramic Materialsp. 163
2.8.1 Oxide Ceramicsp. 164
2.8.2 Nitride Ceramicsp. 168
2.8.3 Boride Ceramicsp. 169
2.8.4 Carbide Ceramicsp. 169
2.8.5 Phosphide and Sulfide Ceramicsp. 172
2.8.6 Hardmetals (Cemented Carbides)p. 172
3 Plastographyp. 175
3.1 Plastographic Sample Preparationp. 177
3.2 Plastographic Etchingp. 179
3.3 Etchants for Polymersp. 180
3.4 Plastographic Thin Sectioningp. 181
3.5 Plastographic Microtome Sectioningp. 182
3.6 Light Microscopic Studies of Thin Sections or Microtomed Sectionsp. 183
4 Appendixp. 185
4.1 Designation of Etchantsp. 185
4.2 List of Chemicalsp. 190
4.3 Hazardous Chemical Symbols and Their Interpretationp. 196
4.4 Handling Tips for Hazardous Materialsp. 198
4.4.1 Rules, Tips, and Precautionsp. 198
4.4.2 Important Special Precautionsp. 199
4.4.3 Dangerous Reactions of Chemicalsp. 202
4.4.4 Disposal of Hazardous Materialsp. 203
5 Literature Referencesp. 205
Journalsp. 205
General Textbooks and Reviewsp. 205
Handbooks, Compilations, and Tablesp. 208
Metallographic Preparationp. 209
Metallic Materialsp. 210
Ceramic Materialsp. 211
Polymer Materialsp. 212