Cover image for Labor guide to labor law
Labor guide to labor law
Feldacker, Bruce S.
Personal Author:
Fourth edition.
Publication Information:
Upper Saddle River, N.J. : Prentice Hall, [2000]

Physical Description:
xix, 652 pages ; 25 cm
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
KF3369 .F44 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

On Order



Provides an unbiased explanation of current labor law principles, concentrating on current rules rather than on historical developments. Surveys labor law in the private sector, from the labor perspective, with chapters arranged in progression from a union's initial organizing campaign to the mature

Author Notes

St. Louis labor attorney Bruce S. Feldacker holds a J.D. from the University of Chicago Law School and an LL.M (labor law) from Georgetown University. In addition to his law practice, he also serves as a mediator in employment law disputes. He is a past chair of the Labor Law Section, St. Louis Bar Association and of the Advisory Board of the AFL-CIO Lawyers Coordinating Committee. Mr. Feldacker also serves as an adjunct instructor at St. Louis University Law School, the University of Missouri Labor Education Center, and the George Meany Labor Studies Center/National Labor College

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
About the Fourth Editionp. xv
Explanation of Legal Case and Statutory Citationsp. xvii
About the Authorp. xix
Chapter 1 Federal Regulation of Labor-Management Relations: A Statutory and Structural Overviewp. 1
Part I The Historical Development of the Labor Management Relations Actp. 1
A. Collective Bargaining before the Statutory Erap. 1
B. The Railway Labor Actp. 3
C. The Norris-LaGuardia Actp. 3
D. The National Labor Relations Actp. 3
E. The Taft-Hartley Act (The Labor Management Relations Act)p. 4
F. The Landrum-Griffin Actp. 4
G. The Postal Reorganization Actp. 5
H. The Health Care Amendmentsp. 5
I. The Religious Belief Exemptionp. 5
Part II An Overview of the Labor Management Relations Act in Current Formp. 5
A. Basic Structure and Definitions: Sections 1 Through 6p. 5
B. Sections 7 and 8: The Unfair Labor Practice Sectionsp. 6
C. Section 9: Election Proceduresp. 6
D. Section 10: Enforcement of the Unfair Labor Practice Provisionsp. 7
E. Protection of the Right to Strike: Section 13p. 7
F. Titles II and III of the Actp. 8
Part III Structure and Procedure of the National Labor Relations Boardp. 8
A. The National Labor Relations Board and the General Counselp. 9
B. The Regional Officesp. 9
C. Jurisdiction of the NLRBp. 12
D. Processing an Unfair Labor Practice Chargep. 14
E. Procedure in Representation Casesp. 26
F. Consolidated Unfair Labor Practice and Representation Proceedingsp. 36
G. Other Agencies Administering Labor Lawp. 36
Chapter 2 The Collective Bargaining Unit and Representation Electionsp. 43
A. Determining the Appropriate Bargaining Unitp. 43
B. Exclusion of Employees from the Bargaining Unitp. 56
C. Election Timing and Proceduresp. 67
D. Voter Eligibilityp. 74
E. Collective Bargaining Units under the Railway Labor Actp. 78
Chapter 3 Union Organizing Rights and Election Campaignsp. 91
A. Obtaining Recognition Cardsp. 91
B. Union Solicitation and Distribution of Campaign Literaturep. 94
C. Employer Anti-Union Speeches on Company Timep. 102
D. Free Union Membership as a Campaign Techniquep. 103
E. Incentives to Attend Campaign Meetings, Gifts, or Other Financial Assistance to Supporters or Potential Votersp. 104
F. Board Regulation of Campaign Statementsp. 107
G. Benefit or Payroll Practice Changes during an Election Campaignp. 113
H. Employer Discrimination during an Election Campaignp. 113
I. Interrogation, Surveillance, and the Impression of Surveillancep. 114
J. Union or Employee Misconductp. 117
K. Conduct of Outside Partiesp. 118
L. Election Procedure and Conduct during the Electionp. 119
M. Procedures for Challenging an Electionp. 121
N. Remedies for Employer Unfair Labor Practices: The Bargaining Orderp. 121
O. Organizing Rights under the Railway Labor Actp. 126
Chapter 4 Protection of the Employee's Right to Union Representationp. 141
A. The Doctrine of Exclusive Representationp. 142
B. Employer Domination or Interference with a Unionp. 143
C. Protection of the Right of Concerted Activityp. 153
D. Discrimination as to Hire, Tenure, or Terms and Conditions of Employmentp. 165
E. Protection for Testifying in Board Proceedingsp. 176
F. Protection of Employee Rights under the Railway Labor Actp. 176
Chapter 5 The Duty to Bargainp. 191
A. Inception and Duration of the Bargaining Obligationp. 191
B. The Negotiation Processp. 201
C. Subjects for Bargainingp. 208
D. The Employer's Duty to Bargain before Changing Conditions of Employmentp. 212
E. The Duty to Provide Information for Bargainingp. 227
F. The Bargaining Duty of Successor Employersp. 232
G. The Bargaining Obligation of Alter-Ego and Double-Breasted Employersp. 235
H. The Duty to Bargain and Successor Unionsp. 237
I. Time Limits and Remedies in Refusal-to-Bargain Casesp. 238
J. The Duty to Bargain under the Railway Labor Actp. 240
Chapter 6 Strikes, Striker Rights, and Lockoutsp. 261
A. Statutory Protection of the Right to Strikep. 261
B. Economic versus Unfair Labor Practice Strikesp. 263
C. Loss of Recall or Reinstatement Rightsp. 269
D. Discrimination against Strikersp. 272
E. Right to Pay While on Strikep. 275
F. Strike Settlement Agreementsp. 275
G. Sympathy Strikersp. 276
H. Contractual Restrictions on the Right to Strikep. 278
I. Exceptions to No-Strike Clausesp. 281
J. Lockoutsp. 284
K. Strikes under the Railway Labor Actp. 285
Chapter 7 Picketing, Boycotts, and Related Activityp. 296
A. An Overview of Section 8(b)(4)p. 296
B. The Primary/Secondary Picketing Distinctionp. 297
C. Common Situs Picketingp. 300
D. Reserved Gates--The Moore Dry Dock Standardsp. 301
E. Secondary Employers at the Primary Situs: The General Electric Rulesp. 308
F. Publicity Campaigns and Product Picketingp. 310
G. The Ally Doctrinep. 316
H. Substandard Wages Picketingp. 318
I. Organizational and Recognitional Picketingp. 318
J. Picketing or Handbilling on Private Property or of a Private Residencep. 323
K. Remedies for Section 8(b)(4) and 8(b)(7) Violationsp. 326
L. Special Requirements for Primary Picketing or Strikes in the Health Care Industryp. 328
M. The Corporate Campaignp. 328
N. Secondary Activity under the Railway Labor Actp. 331
Chapter 8 Union Regulation of Work and the Antitrust Laws: Hot Cargo Agreements, Jurisdictional Disputes, and the Featherbeddingp. 342
Part I Hot Cargo Clausesp. 342
A. The Purpose and General Coverage of Section 8(e)p. 342
B. The Application of Section 8(e) to Picket Line, Subcontracting, and Successorship Clausesp. 343
Part II Work Assignment Disputesp. 357
A. Voluntary Agreements to Resolve Jurisdictional Disputesp. 357
B. Coercive Activity to Trigger a Section 10(k) Proceedingp. 358
C. The Need for Two Competing Employee Group Claimsp. 359
D. Factors Used in Assigning Disputed Workp. 361
E. The Critical Importance of the Employer's Assignmentp. 361
Part III Featherbeddingp. 362
A. Requiring Unnecessary Workp. 362
B. Employees' Willingness to Do Unnecessary Workp. 363
Part IV Unions and the Antitrust Lawsp. 363
A. The Sherman Antitrust Actp. 363
B. The Clayton Actp. 364
C. The Norris-LaGuardia Actp. 364
D. The Current Basic Rule: Unions Acting Alone in Their Own Self-Interestp. 365
E. Multi-Employer Agreements and the Antitrust Laws (The Pennington and Jewel Tea Decisions)p. 366
F. The Public Policy Exemption for Agreements Arising out of a Collective Bargaining Relationship (The Connell Construction and Pro Football, Inc. Cases)p. 367
G. Market Recovery and Job Targeting Programs under the Antitrust Lawsp. 370
Chapter 9 Enforcement of Collective Bargaining Agreements and the Duty to Arbitratep. 381
A. Union and Employee Rights to File Section 301 Actionp. 382
B. Jurisdictional and Procedural Requirements of a Section 301 Suitp. 382
C. Enforcement of Agreements to Arbitrate and Arbitration Awards: The "Steelworkers Trilogy"p. 384
D. Procedural Defenses to Arbitrationp. 393
E. Expiration of the Duty to Arbitratep. 394
F. Employer's Duty to Grieve over a Union Breach of Contractp. 397
G. Tripartite Arbitrationp. 397
H. Arbitration of Successorship Rightsp. 398
I. Injunctions Pending Arbitrationp. 399
J. Interest Arbitrationp. 400
K. Procedures for Determining Arbitrability and Time Limits on Suits to Compel Arbitration, to Enforce an Award, or to Vacate an Awardp. 401
L. Arbitration and the NLRBp. 403
M. Enforcement of Collective Bargaining Agreements under the Railway Labor Actp. 408
Chapter 10 Union Membership and Union Securityp. 421
A. The Union as an Unincorporated Associationp. 421
B. The Contractual Relationship between a Union and its Membersp. 423
C. The Right to Union Membershipp. 424
D. Required Union "Membership"p. 424
E. Resignation from the Unionp. 446
F. Right-to-Work Lawsp. 448
G. Contractual Checkoff Provisionsp. 448
H. Hiring Hallsp. 450
Chapter 11 Rights and Responsibilities of Union Membersp. 463
A. Coverage of the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Actp. 463
B. Equal Rights for Union Members (LMRDA Section 101(a)(1))p. 465
C. The Member's Right of Free Speech (LMRDA Section 101(a)(2))p. 467
D. Dues Increases (LMRDA Section 101(a)(3))p. 471
E. Election Procedures: Title I versus Title IVp. 471
F. Union Disciplinary Authority over its Membersp. 473
G. Required Procedures for Imposing Internal Discipline (LMRDA Section 101(a)(5))p. 478
H. Control over the Amount of Union Fines of Membersp. 479
I. Membership Suits against Unions: The Exhaustion Requirement (LMRDA Sections 101(a)(4) and 102)p. 480
Chapter 12 The Duty of Fair Representationp. 491
A. The Development of the Fair Representation Doctrinep. 491
B. Union Discretion to Arbitratep. 492
C. Perfunctory Processing as a Violation of Fair Representation: The Hines Decisionp. 493
D. Union Negligence as a Violation of Fair Representationp. 495
E. Applications of the Fair Representation Doctrinep. 496
F. Remedies for a Breach of the Duty of Fair Representationp. 499
Chapter 13 Equal Employment Opportunityp. 509
A. An Overview of Title VIIp. 509
B. The Basic Categories of Unlawful Discrimination: Disparate Treatment and Disparate Impactp. 512
C. Sex Discriminationp. 521
D. Religious Discriminationp. 529
E. Age Discriminationp. 531
F. The Americans with Disabilities Actp. 534
G. The Family and Medical Leave Actp. 537
H. Other Remedies against Employment Discrimination: The Civil Rights Acts of 1866 and 1871 (42 U.S.C. Sections 1981 and 1983)p. 540
I. Reverse Discrimination and Voluntary Affirmative Action Programsp. 542
J. Enforcing Rights Protected under the Civil Rights Actsp. 545
K. Remedies for Civil Rights Violationsp. 551
L. The Role of Arbitration in Eliminating Discriminationp. 558
M. The NLRB's Role in Eliminating Discriminationp. 561
Chapter 14 Federal-State Relationships in Labor Relationsp. 580
A. The Preemption Doctrinep. 580
B. Federal Court Exceptions to the Board's Primary Jurisdictionp. 583
C. State Court Exceptions to the Preemption Doctrinep. 584
D. Preemption of Conduct Not Regulated by Federal Lawp. 585
E. Employers Not Subject to the Board's Jurisdictionp. 587
F. Sections 301, 303, and Federal Antitrust Preemption of State Regulationp. 587
G. Preemption of Employee Civil Suits by the Grievance Procedurep. 588
H. Retaliatory Lawsuitsp. 590
Answers to Review Questionsp. 597
Statutory Appendicesp. 615
Indexp. 643