Cover image for Fishing grounds : defining a new era for American fisheries management
Fishing grounds : defining a new era for American fisheries management
H. John Heinz III Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment.
Publication Information:
Washington, D.C. : Island Press, [2000]

Physical Description:
xiii, 241 pages : map ; 23 cm

Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
SH221 .F59 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

On Order



Fisheries management today is highly contentious. The interests of fishers and fish processors, coastal communities, the government, and environmental organizations are often different and can even be mutually incompatible.Fishing Grounds offers a comprehensive assessment of the legal, social, economic and biological context of marine fisheries management in the United States. Drawing on interviews with stakeholders from all sides of the issue, the authors seek common ground -- and points of unresolved controversy -- among the diversity of interests and viewpoints involved. Chapters examine: history and background status of marine fisheries fishery productivity from biological, social, and economic perspectives ownership of fishery resources management structures and incentives the roles of science and evaluation Each chapter begins with legal, technical, and conceptual background to help readers understand the sets of issues involved and follows that with a balanced presentation of stakeholder views.Fishing Grounds presents a useful overview of fisheries management options and positions regarding those options, providing valuable insight into the opinions and concerns of stakeholders and the sets of incentives to which those stakeholders respond. It is an important work for fisheries management professionals in industry, government agencies, and nongovernmental organizations, as well as for students and researchers involved with fisheries and fisheries management.

Author Notes

At the crossroads of science and environmental policy, The Heinz Center brings leaders together from business, government, academia, and environmental groups to brainstorm solutions that are both scientifically and economically sound. Founded in 1995 in honor of Senator H. John Heinz III, the Center's guiding philosophy is that only by working together can we solve today's environmental challenges and leave the world a better place for generations to come.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Origin of the Bookp. x
Stakeholder Voicesp. xi
Book Scope and Structurep. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Part I Introduction and Overview
Chapter 1 U.S. Fisheries Todayp. 3
Types of Fisheriesp. 3
Processing, Trade, and Consumptionp. 5
Fishery Managementp. 6
The Eight Fishery Management Regionsp. 8
Other Fishery Management Authoritiesp. 13
The Status of U.S. Fisheriesp. 14
Conclusionp. 17
Notesp. 17
Part II The Past
Chapter 2 History of Federal Fishery Managementp. 23
1950s and 1960s: Pre-FCMA Decadesp. 24
1970s: The Fishery Conservation and Management Actp. 25
1980s: The End of Expansionp. 28
1990s: Contraction and Changep. 29
Conclusionp. 31
In Their Own Wordsp. 32
Notesp. 35
Part III The Present
Chapter 3 Assessing Fishery Productivityp. 39
What Is Productivity?p. 40
Managing for Productivityp. 44
Maintaining Productivity Over Timep. 47
Lost Opportunitiesp. 52
Conclusionp. 56
In Their Own Wordsp. 57
Notesp. 59
Chapter 4 Owning Fishery Resourcesp. 61
Expanding Public Interestsp. 62
Public Disinterestp. 65
Returns to the Publicp. 66
Private Matters and Public Interestsp. 69
Ideas About Rights-Based Managementp. 72
Conclusionp. 74
In Their Own Wordsp. 75
Notesp. 80
Chapter 5 Managing Fisheriesp. 81
Who's in Charge?p. 82
Expectations for Managementp. 85
Outcomesp. 87
Checks, Balances, and Monkey Wrenchesp. 94
Conclusionp. 98
In Their Own Wordsp. 99
Notesp. 104
Chapter 6 Creating Incentivesp. 105
The Ideal and the Actualp. 106
Maintain Healthy Fisheriesp. 107
Make Responsible Decisionsp. 109
Take the Long Viewp. 115
Participate Responsiblyp. 117
Conclusionp. 121
In Their Own Wordsp. 122
Notesp. 124
Chapter 7 Using Scientific Informationp. 127
Why Do We Need Science?p. 128
Is the Science Adequate?p. 130
How Is Scientific Information Used?p. 134
Communicating Scientific Informationp. 139
Funding Sciencep. 141
Cooperative Researchp. 142
Conclusionp. 146
In Their Own Wordsp. 147
Notesp. 152
Chapter 8 Evaluating Fishery Performancep. 155
Why Evaluate?p. 156
Criteria and Objectivesp. 162
What Is Evaluated?p. 166
Where Do We Go From Here?p. 168
Conclusionp. 170
In Their Own Wordsp. 170
Notesp. 172
Part IV The Future
Chapter 9 Looking Aheadp. 177
Learning and Adaptingp. 178
Integrating Management Objectivesp. 179
Creating Expectations for Stewardshipp. 180
Maintaining Fishery Diversityp. 181
Making the Transitionp. 182
Major Policy Choices and Reauthorization Issuesp. 184
Conclusionp. 188
In Their Own Wordsp. 189
Appendix A Program Participantsp. 193
Interview Sourcesp. 194
Reviewersp. 197
Appendix B Annotated Bibliography of Selected Literature on U.S. Marine Fishery Managementp. 199
Fishery Status and Management Historyp. 200
Assessing Fishery Productivityp. 203
Owning Fishery Resourcesp. 206
Managing Fisheriesp. 209
Creating Incentivesp. 212
Using Scientific Informationp. 216
Evaluating Fishery Performancep. 219
Looking Aheadp. 222
About the Authorsp. 227
Indexp. 231