Cover image for Real boys' voices
Real boys' voices
Pollack, William S.
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Publication Information:
New York : Random House, 2000.
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xxxv, 392 pages ; 25 cm
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HQ775 .P66 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
HQ775 .P66 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Parenting
HQ775 .P66 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Open Shelf
HQ775 .P66 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Open Shelf

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"In my travels throughout this country, I have discovered a glaring truth: America's boys are absolutely desperate to talk about their lives," says Dr. William Pollack, author of the bestseller Real Boys. Now, inReal Boys' Voices, Pollack lets us hear what boys today are saying, even as he explores ways to get them to talk more openly with us. "Boys long to talk about the things that are hurting them; their harassment from other boys, their troubled relationships with their fathers, their embarrassment around girls and confusion about sex, their disconnection from and love for their parents, the violence that haunts them at school and on the street, their constant fear that they might not be as masculine as other boys." InReal Boys' Voiceswe hear, verbatim, what boys from big cities and small towns, including Littleton, Colorado, have to say about violence, drugs, sports, school, parents, love, anger, body image, becoming a man, and much, much more. Real Boys' Voicestakes us into the daily worlds of boys not only to show how society's outdated expectations force them to mask many of their true emotions, but also to let us hear how boys themselves describe their isolation, depression, longing, love, and hope. How can you get behind the mask of masculinity many boys wear? How can you tell whether a "bad boy" is actually a "sad boy" and how do you spot the danger signals of depression? How can you grow closer to the boy you love? Pollack explores how to create safe spaces and engage in "action talk," how to listen so a boy will speak the truth about, and be, himself. In the real boys' voices here, boys speak eloquently and truthfully about such topics as shame, bullying and teasing, the pressure to fit in, addictions, how they see the lives of the men they know, the importance of their mothers and fathers, their own spiritual and creative experiences, friendships with other boys and with girls, being gay, and coping with divorce and other losses, including the death of a friend or parent. We also hear what boys from Columbine High School and other places say about fear and violence in their lives. Full of insights from and about young and adolescent boys, William Pollack'sReal Boys' Voicesis an important, illuminating, and invaluable book, for boys themselves and for all the people in their lives. From Real Boys' Voices "Boys are supposed to shut up and take it, to keep it all in." Scotty, from a small town in New England "What I hate about this school is that I am being picked on in the halls and just about everywhere else."Cody, from a suburb in New England "Sometimes people say there are two me's, like I have a dual personality. . . . The public persona is not really who I am. It's a tool . . . to be who everyone wants me to be."Raphael, from a city in the West "If you see [abuse] coming, just walk out of the room or walk out of the house or go somewhere, go to a friend's house, go for a walk, take your dog for a run, whatever. Just try to get away from that situation before it actually explodes." Paul, from a suburb in the West "

Reviews 4

Booklist Review

Pollack follows up on his popular Real Boys (1998) by letting the subjects of that book speak for themselves about the pressures and problems of modern male adolescence. In Pollack's nationwide survey, he talked with 11-to-20-year-old boys of all races and economic backgrounds about sex, drugs, parents, religion, violence, emotions, and changes in the social expectations of boys and men. Here he presents the boys not only through his interviews but also through their poems, essays, and journals. Interspersed with the boys' accounts are Pollack's assessments and advice on such specifics as overcoming bullying and dealing with depression--matters of discriminating between bad boys and sad boys. He notes society's severe ambivalence about encouraging boys to express feelings, which results in boys' emotions often going undetected and being ignored. He notes the need to get behind the "mask of masculinity" and give boys the time and space to express emotions, to listen to them when they do, and to encourage their openness. Pollack found that many of his subjects longed to communicate their feelings but felt restrained by a culture that discouraged emotional displays by boys, thereby adding to the pressure on boys today. Pollack also heard from his subjects that they often feel alone and disconnected. Such despair and alienation distinguish the increased violence among young American boys. If the boys poignantly describe pressure and depression, sadness and loneliness, feeling suspected of being gay and feeling sexually uncertain, and receiving mixed messages from society, they also express relief that perceptions of men and boys are changing. An important, comprehensive report "from the trenches" on the emotional state of American boys. --Vanessa Bush

Publisher's Weekly Review

Drawing on interviews with young men across the country, Harvard clinical psychologist Pollack presents a candid, troubling and occasionally humorous snapshot of contemporary American boyhood in this follow-up and companion to his bestselling Real Boys. Contextualizing young men's comments on their loneliness, depression, fear, anger and frustration, as well as their hopes and joys, within his broader research, Pollack illustrates what he views as the straitjacket of the "Boy Code." This false machismo is perpetuated, he says, by our country's "oppressive boyhood culture," a plague of homophobia and what he calls the "major national crisis" of suicide (which has tripled since 1970 for adolescent boys ages 15-19). Thematic chapters cover such topics as friendship, sex, spirituality and renewal, parents, divorce, sports, violence and more. In one of the most deeply disturbing and moving chapters, Pollack talks to boys in Littleton, Colo., many of them survivors of the Columbine High School massacre. Yet his message is hopeful: the conditions are right, he believes, "to give America's boys complete emotional freedom, to offer them the deep human understanding they desire and so richly deserve." To this end, he outlines a 15-step program for mentoring boys and redefining boyhood, from creating safe, "shame-free" havens where they can open up to those who care about them, to bully-proofing neighborhoods and schools and encouraging creative expression and spiritual connections. Practical and forceful, this is an important contribution to the growing body of commentary on helping boys navigate the rocky road to manhood. Agent, Lane Zachary; 13-city tour. (July) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved

Library Journal Review

In Real Boys, Pollack, codirector of the Center for Men at McLean Hospital/ Harvard Medical School, explained how to break the "boy code." Here, he lets boys voice their anger and confusion. (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

School Library Journal Review

YA-Being a boy in America today means navigating a bumpy and treacherous road. Stifling societal rules that force young males to hide their feelings, affections, and, above all, vulnerabilities, causes them to suffer anxieties and fear, sometimes with tragic results. Pollack talked to youngsters nationwide and drew upon those interviews to present glimpses of their daily lives in this follow-up to his Real Boys (Random, 1998). In one particularly poignant chapter, Pollack interviews students who survived the violence at Columbine High School in Colorado in April, 1999. Most of them are very aware and disapproving of the peer culture that alienated the two killers. The book is arranged in five parts, including "The secret emotional life of boys," "The cycle of rage and violence," and "Boys reaching out and connecting." The interviews reveal articulate young men who want to be heard. Some interviews are heartbreaking, some have humor, and many are hopeful. Practical ideas on how to "break" the Boy Code appear throughout. Empowerment, education about homophobia, and bully-proofing neighborhoods are part of the program. This insightful and powerful work should be required reading for anyone who works with or lives with boys. As for young males, reading Real Boys' Voices, with its wisdom and observations, would help them discover that they are not alone on their difficult journey to adulthood.-Susanne Bardelson, Arvada Public Library, Jefferson County, CO (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.



INTRODUCTION LISTENING TO BOYS' VOICES "Boys are supposed to shut up and take it, to keep it all in. It's harder for them to release or vent without feeling girly. And that can drive them to shoot themselves." --Scotty, 13, from a small town in northern New England IN MY TRAVELS THROUGHOUT THIS COUNTRY FROM THE inner-city neighborhoods of Boston, New York, and San Francisco to suburbs in Florida, Connecticut, and Rhode Island; from small, rural villages in New Hampshire, Kentucky, and Pennsylvania to the pain-filled classrooms of Littleton, Colorado-I have discovered a glaring truth: America's boys are absolutely desperate to talk about their lives. They long to talk about the things that are hurting them-their harassment from other boys, their troubled relationships with their fathers, their embarrassment around girls and confusion about sex, their disconnection from parents, the violence that haunts them at school and on the street, their constant fear that they might not be as masculine as other boys. But this desperate coast-to-coast longing is silenced by the Boy Code-old rules that favor male stoicism and make boys feel ashamed about expressing weakness or vulnerability. Although our boys urgently want to talk about who they really are, they fear that they will be teased, bullied, humiliated, beaten up, and even murdered if they give voice to their truest feelings. Thus, our nation is home to millions of boys who feel they are navigating life alone-who on an emotional level are alone-and who are cast out to sea in separate lifeboats, and feel they are drowning in isolation, depression, loneliness, and despair. Our sons, brothers, nephews, students are struggling. Our boyfriends are crying out to be understood. But many of them are afraid to talk. Scotty, a thirteen-year-old boy from a small town in northern New England, recently said to me, "Boys are supposed to shut up and take it, to keep it all in. It's harder for them to release or vent without feeling girly. And that can drive them to shoot themselves," I am particularly concerned about the intense angst I see in so many of America's young men and teenaged boys. I saw this angst as I did research for Real Boys, and then again in talking with boys for this book. Boys from all walks of life, including boys who seem to have made it--the suburban high school football captain, the seventh-grade prep school class president, the small-town police chief's son, the inner-city student who is an outstanding cartoonist and son of a welfare mother--all were feeling so alone that f worried that they often seemed to channel their despair into rage not only toward others but toward themselves. An ordinary boy's sadness, his everyday feelings of disappointment and shame, push him not only to dislike himself and to feel private moments of anguish or self-doubt, but also, impulsively, to assault, wound, and kill. Forced to handle life's emotional ups and downs on their own, many boys and young men-many good, honest, caring boys-are silently allowing their lives to wither away, or explode. We still live in a society in which our boys and young men are simply not receiving the consistent attention, empathy, and support they truly need and desire. We are only listening to parts of what our sons and brothers and boyfriends are telling us. Though our intentions are good, we've developed a culture in which too often boys only feel comfortable communicating a small portion of their feelings and experiences. And through no fault of our own, frequently we don't understand what they are saying to us when they do finally talk. Boys are acutely aware of how society constrains them. They also notice how it holds back other boys and young men, including their peers, their male teachers, and their fathers. "When bad things happen in our family," Jesse, an astute twelve-year-old boy from a large middle-class suburb of Los Angeles, recently told me, "my father gets blocked. Like if he's upset about something that happened at work, he can't say anything and we have no idea what he's thinking. He just sits in front of the television, spends time on the Internet, or just goes off on his own. You can't get through to him at all. He just gets totally blocked." Of course, Jesse is teaming to do the same. And if we don't allow, even teach boys like Jesse to express their emotion and cry tears, some will cry bullets instead. A NATIONWIDE JOURNEY I began a new nationwide journey to listen to boys' voices last summer in my native Massachusetts. In one of the very first interviews, I sat down with Clayton, a sixteen-year-old boy living in a modest apartment in Arlington, a medium-sized suburb of Boston. Clay introduced me to his mother and older sister, and then brought me to his attic hideaway, a small room with only two small wooden windows that allowed light into the room through a series of tiny slits. Clay decided to share some of his writing with me-poetry and prose he had written on leaves of white and yellow paper. His writings were deeply moving, but even more extraordinary were the charcoal sketches that, once he grew comfortable with my presence, he decided he would also share. His eyes downcast, his shoulders slumped inward, he opened his black sketchbook and flipped gently through the pages. On each consecutive sheet of parchment, Clay had created a series of beautiful images in rich, multicolored charcoal and pastels. "You're a talented artist," I said, expressing my real enthusiasm. "I haven't shown these to too many people," he said, blushing. "I don't think anyone would really be too interested." Clay's pictures revealed his angst, and in graphic, brutal detail. There was a special series of drawings of "angels." They were half human, half creature, with beautiful wings, but their boyish faces were deeply pained. Soaring somewhere between earth and heaven, the angels seemed to be trying to free themselves from earthly repression, striving for expression, longing to reach the freedom of the skies. They evoked the mundane world where Clayton's psychological pain felt real and inescapable, yet they also evoked an imaginary place where he could feel safe, relaxed, and free. In our conversation, Clayton revealed that his inner sense of loss and sadness had at times been so great that on at least one occasion he had seriously contemplated suicide. "I never actually did anything to commit suicide. I was too afraid I'd end up in a permanent hell ... but that's how bad I felt. I wanted to end it all." I thought to myself that maybe that's what these tortured angels were about-a combination of heavenly hope mixed up with a boy's suppressed "voice" of pain. Clayton then revealed "The Bound Angel," a breathtaking sketch of one of his winged, half-man creatures bent over in pain, eyes looking skyward, but trunk and legs bound like an animal awaiting slaughter. Clayton explained, "His hands are tied, and his mouth is sealed so he cannot speak. He's in pain, but he has no way to run from it, to express it, or to get to heaven." "Your angel wants to shout out his troubles to the high heavens, but he is bound and gagged. He wants to move toward someone, but he is frozen in space. He needs to release his voice, but he cannot, and fears he will not be heard. That's why he's so tortured." "Yes, exactly," he said. "I guess if he's tied up long enough," I responded, "and can't release that voice, he'll want to die, like you did." "I think so," Clay said. There is no reason we should wait until a boy like Clay feels hopeless, suicidal, or homicidal to address his inner experience. The time to listen to boys is now. MOMENTS OF DOUBT As devoted as our country is gradually becoming to changing things for boys, society remains ambivalent about giving boys permission to express their feelings. I was recently speaking at a Congregational church in a small New Hampshire town. It was a bright October Saturday morning and I was there to talk to boys and their parents about my Listening to Boys' Voices project. Gazing out at the rows and rows of boys and their parents, I explained that several research associates and I were going across the country to interview and capture the unique voices of adolescent males ranging in ages eleven through twenty. I told the audience, "I hope this project will be just the beginning, that we will all find a way to reconnect with boys, listen to them carefully, and get to know what's really happening inside their minds and hearts." "That's not so easy," a young, well-dressed woman said from the pews. "I have four sons," she continued, "and, with all due respect, Dr. Pollack, let me tell you something. Number one: my husband is not so hot on my trying to sit down and get all emotional with our sons. I'm not so sure he's going to encourage me to do that. And number two: these days, I don't think our boys are capable of saying much about any thing other than girls and sports, and girls and sports." People chuckled throughout the church. "How old are your sons?" I asked. "Eleven, thirteen, fourteen, and seventeen," the woman said. "Do you wish you could reach inside them and get to what they're really feeling and thinking about? Is this something you would like to do?" "If I could," she said intently, "I would." Looking around at the other boys and parents in the audience and shaking her head incredulously, she added, "I don't think many of the people in this room really feel in touch with their kids, especially not their boys. To be able to do that, we'd have to all decide we're going to give boys a break. Otherwise, nobody in this room is going to take the first step. Nobody wants his or her kid to be an outcast. So I'm not sure any of us are going to take that first step." "I'm not so sure I agree with you," I said. "The fact that you showed up today to talk about boys is itself one of those first steps. In fact, everybody in this room decided to come here this morning because they care about boys and about making things better for boys. So everyone in this room actually is taking an important first step." "I guess you're right," the woman said. "So thank you. Thank you for coming way out here to talk to us." Excerpted from Real Boys' Voices by William S. Pollack, Todd Shuster All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Listening to Boys' Voicesp. XIX
A Nationwide Journeyp. XXI
Moments of Doubtp. XXII
Helping Boys to Be Themselvesp. XXIII
Reaching Out and Listening to Boys: A New Approachp. XXV
Getting Behind the Maskp. XXXIV
The Real Boys' Voices Projectp. XXXIV
Part I The Secret Emotional Lives of Boys
1 The Secret Emotional Lives of America's Boys: What They're Really Talking Aboutp. 3
2 Taking Off the Gender Straitjacketp. 15
3 The Mask of Masculinity and the Double Life: Suppression and Bravadop. 33
4 The Angst of Becoming a Man: Coming of Agep. 48
5 Of Two Minds: Having Sex with Girlsp. 59
6 The Pressure to Work and Succeedp. 77
7 Spirituality and Renewalp. 86
8 Bullying and Teasing: Fitting in and Being Left Outp. 106
Overcoming Bullyingp. 132
What if Your Child is Bullying?p. 138
What Should Boys Who Are Bullied Know?p. 140
9 Sadness, Depression, and Suicide: Sad Boys or Bad Boys?p. 142
Is He Bad or is He Sad?p. 147
How Do You Tell If a Boy is Depressed?p. 167
Part II The Cycle of Rage and Violence
10 Traumatic Violence: Listening to Boys from Littleton, Coloradop. 173
11 The Columbine Syndrome: Fear of Violencep. 198
12 Abusep. 213
Part III Boys Reaching out and Connecting
13 Love for Motherp. 225
14 The Dad Connectionp. 236
15 Friendships and Romances with Girlsp. 249
16 Having Male Buddiesp. 266
17 Emotional Intensity: Connecting Through Sportsp. 274
18 Coming Out as Gay and Supporting Those Who Dop. 285
Part IV Dealing with Loss, Loneliness, and Shame
19 Pumping and Crunching: Body Image and the Mediap. 297
20 The Sting of Divorcep. 313
21 Addictions: Drugs, Alcohol, and the Mediap. 325
22 Loss: Coping with Injury, Illness, and Deathp. 342
Part V Boys in the World
23 Overcoming Hatred, Racism, and Poverty: Justice and Action Talkp. 357
24 Music, Art, and Writing: Boys Talk Through Creativityp. 369
Epilogue: Mentoring Boys and Creating Safe Spaces: A 15-Step Programp. 383