Cover image for Power and communication cables : theory and applications
Power and communication cables : theory and applications
Bartnikas, R.
Publication Information:
New York : IEEE Press : McGraw-Hill, [2000]

Physical Description:
xxi, 858 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm.

Format :


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TK3301 .P66 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

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Power and communication cables are frequently installed adjacent toeach other, and hybrid cables that contain both power conductorsand communication lines are increasingly popular. Power andCommunication Cables is a convenient, single-source volume writtenfor utility maintenance engineers, cable production and designengineers, and students to expand their knowledge of both types ofcables in the power and communications fields. With contributionsfrom leaders in the field, this book presents a detailed treatmentof solid-liquid, polymeric, compressed gas, and cryogenic cablesused in power transmission and distribution. In the area ofcommunication, the contributors address the use of metallicconductor multipair and coaxial cables, as well as optical fibercables.

Power and Communication Cables provides in-depth discussion of thedesign, manufacture, testing, installation, and operation of powerand communication cables. You will find essential information onthe properties of materials and learn how they influence cablecharacteristics. Moreover, this interdisciplinary referenceprovides theoretical and practical insights into various aspects ofcable engineering in both power and communication systems.

Author Notes

R. Bartnikas has been with the Institut de Recherched'Hydro-Québec since 1968, where he has held positions asscientific director of the Materials Science Department and thenDistinguished Senior Scientist. Prior to 1968, he was associatedwith the Cable Division and R&D Laboratories of NorthernElectric (now Northern Telecom). He is an adjunct professor in theDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the Universityof Waterloo and in the Department of Engineering Physics andMaterials at École Polytechnique (Université deMontréal); he is a visiting professor at the University ofRome at La Sapienza.
Dr. Bartnikas is the editor of the ASTM monograph/book seriesEngineering Dielectrics and has coedited two books entitledElements of Cable Engineering and Power Cable Engineering. Since1968 he has been an active member of the IEEE Insulated ConductorsCommittee. Dr. Bartnikas is a Fellow of ASTM, the IEEE, theInstitute of Physics, (U.K), the Royal Society of Canada (Academyof Science), and the Canadian Academy of Engineering.

K.D. Srivastava is emeritus professor in the Departmentof Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of BritishColumbia, Vancouver, Canada, where he was head of the departmentand then a vice president. He was chairman of the ElectricalEngineering Department at the University of Waterloo. Prior tomoving to Canada, Professor Srivastava was a senior researchengineer at Brush Electric Co. Ltd., Loughborough and a principalscientific officer at Rutherford High Energy Laboratory, Harwell,both in England.
Professor Srivastava has coedited two books on electric cables withDr. Bartnikas: Elements of Cable Engineering and Power CableEngineering. He has published over 150 technical reports andpapers. Professor Srivastava is a Fellow of the IEEE, a Fellow ofthe IEE (U.K.), and a Fellow of the RSA (U.K.).

Reviews 1

Choice Review

This book highlights various aspects of cables used for electrical power transmission and in communication systems. Ten authors, including editors Bartnikas (Univ. of Rome, La Sapienza) and Srivastava (emeritus, Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver), contribute a total of 14 chapters on power cables and another three chapters on communication cables. In the power area, solid-dielectric-extruded, oil-impregnated-paper, self-contained dielectric liquid-filled, pipe, dc, submarine, compressed gas, and superconducting type cables are covered. Descriptions of the associated ac, dc, impulse, dissipation factor, accelerated aging, and partial-discharge test procedures are presented. Thermal, mechanical, and electrical behaviors of cable materials are discussed. Cable system design methods are reviewed, and the different types of joints, terminations, and splices are described. The portion of the book addressing communication cables provides an overview of both metallic conductor and optical fiber type cables. Telephone and undersea coaxial cables are examined. A brief discussion on terrestrial and underwater optical fiber cables is provided. Chapter references. For two-year technical program students. O. Eknoyan; Texas A&M University

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Cables: A Chronological PerspectiveR. Bartnikas
1.1 Preliminary Remarks
1.2 Power Cables
1.3 Communication Cables
Chapter 2 Characteristics of Cable MaterialsR. Bartnikas
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Metallic Conductors
2.3 Conductor and Insulation Semiconducting Shields
2.4 Insulation
2.5 Materials for Protective Coverings
2.6 Armoring Materials
2.7 Coverings for Corrosion Protection
2.8 Conclusion
2.9 Glossary of Cable Materials Technology
Chapter 3 Design and Manufacture of Extruded Solid-Dielectric Power Distribution CablesH. D. Campbell and L J. Hiivala
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Design Fundamentals
3.3 Design Considerations
3.4 Design Objectives
3.5 Solid-Dielectric Insulation Techniques
3.6 Related Tests
Chapter 4 Extruded Solid-Dielectric Power Transmission CablesL J. Hiivala
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Design and Construction
4.3 Manufacturing Methods
4.4 Testing
4.5 Accessories
4.6 Concluding Remarks
Chapter 5 Design and Manufacture of Oil-Impregnated Paper Insulated Power Distribution CablesW. K. Rybczynski
5.1 Brief History of Development
5.2 Elements of Solid-Type Oil-Paper Cable Design
5.3 Cable Manufacture
5.4 Tests
5.5 Electrical Characteristics
5.6 Conclusion
Chapter 6 Low-Pressure Oil-Filled Power Transmission CablesW. K. Rybczynski
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Elements of Oil-Filled Cable Design
6.3 Cable Manufacture
6.4 Tests
6.5 Electrical Characteristics
6.6 Principles of Oil Feeding
6.7 Notes on Sheath Bonding
6.8 Limitations of LPOF Cables
6.9 Self-Contained High-Pressure Oil-Filled Cables
6.10 Self Contained Oil-Filled Cables for dc Application
Chapter 7 High-Pressure Oil-Filled Pipe-Type Power Transmission CablesW. K. Rybczynski
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Principles of Operation
7.3 Elements of Cable Design
7.4 Cable Manufacture
7.5 Tests
7.6 Electrical Characteristics
7.7 Principles of Oil Feeding
7.8 Cathodic Protection
7.9 Limitations of HPOFPT Cables
7.10 Development of HPOFPT Cable for Higher Voltages in the United States
7.11 Gas-Type Cables
7.12 Gas Compression EHV Cables
7.13 Concluding Remarks
Chapter 8 Voltage Breakdown and Other Electrical Tests on Power CablesH. D. Campbell
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Alternating-Current Overvoltage Test
8.3 Direct-Current Overvoltage Test
8.4 Voltage Testing of Production Lengths
8.5 Tests on Specimens
8.6 Impulse Tests
Chapter 9 Dissipation Factor, Partial-Discharge, and Electrical Aging Tests on Power CablesR. Bartnikas
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Dissipation Factor of a Cable
9.3 Bridge Techniques for the Measurement of tan ¿
9.4 Partial-Discharge Characteristics
9.5 Partial-Discharge Measurements
9.6 Partial-Discharge Site Location
9.7 Discharge Pulse Pattern Studies
9.8 Electrical Aging Mechanisms
9.9 Accelerated Electrical Aging Tests
Chapter 10 Field Tests and Accessories for Polymeric Power Distribution CablesH. H. Campbell and W. T. Starr
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Alternating-Current Overvoltage Test
10.3 Dissipation Factor (Power Factor) Test
10.4 Insulation Resistance Test
10.5 Partial-Discharge Test
10.6 Direct-Current Overvoltage Test
10.7 Direct-Current Test Procedures
10.8 Interpretation of Test Results
10.9 Question of Test Levels
10.10 Direct Stress versus Alternating Stress Considerations
10.11 Practical Test Levels
10.12 Joints and Terminations
10.13 Some Current Practices.C