Cover image for The tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice
Title:
The tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice
Author:
Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616.
Uniform Title:
Othello
Edition:
Washington Square Press new Folger's edition.
Publication Information:
New York : Washington Square Press, 1993.
Physical Description:
li, 314 pages : illustrations ; 18 cm.
Language:
English
Program Information:
Accelerated Reader AR UG 8.4 5.0 53871.
ISBN:
9780671722814

9780671042899
Format :
Book

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PR2829.A2 M68 1993 Adult Non-Fiction Reading List
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Summary

Summary

The full text of Shakespeare's 'Othello'.


Author Notes

William Shakespeare, 1564 - 1616 Although there are many myths and mysteries surrounding William Shakespeare, a great deal is actually known about his life. He was born in Stratford-Upon-Avon, son of John Shakespeare, a prosperous merchant and local politician and Mary Arden, who had the wealth to send their oldest son to Stratford Grammar School.

At 18, Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway, the 27-year-old daughter of a local farmer, and they had their first daughter six months later. He probably developed an interest in theatre by watching plays performed by traveling players in Stratford while still in his youth. Some time before 1592, he left his family to take up residence in London, where he began acting and writing plays and poetry.

By 1594 Shakespeare had become a member and part owner of an acting company called The Lord Chamberlain's Men, where he soon became the company's principal playwright. His plays enjoyed great popularity and high critical acclaim in the newly built Globe Theatre. It was through his popularity that the troupe gained the attention of the new king, James I, who appointed them the King's Players in 1603. Before retiring to Stratford in 1613, after the Globe burned down, he wrote more than three dozen plays (that we are sure of) and more than 150 sonnets. He was celebrated by Ben Jonson, one of the leading playwrights of the day, as a writer who would be "not for an age, but for all time," a prediction that has proved to be true.

Today, Shakespeare towers over all other English writers and has few rivals in any language. His genius and creativity continue to astound scholars, and his plays continue to delight audiences. Many have served as the basis for operas, ballets, musical compositions, and films. While Jonson and other writers labored over their plays, Shakespeare seems to have had the ability to turn out work of exceptionally high caliber at an amazing speed. At the height of his career, he wrote an average of two plays a year as well as dozens of poems, songs, and possibly even verses for tombstones and heraldic shields, all while he continued to act in the plays performed by the Lord Chamberlain's Men. This staggering output is even more impressive when one considers its variety. Except for the English history plays, he never wrote the same kind of play twice. He seems to have had a good deal of fun in trying his hand at every kind of play.

Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets, all published on 1609, most of which were dedicated to his patron Henry Wriothsley, The Earl of Southhampton. He also wrote 13 comedies, 13 histories, 6 tragedies, and 4 tragecomedies. He died at Stratford-upon-Avon April 23, 1616, and was buried two days later on the grounds of Holy Trinity Church in Stratford. His cause of death was unknown, but it is surmised that he knew he was dying.

(Bowker Author Biography)


Reviews 5

Publisher's Weekly Review

Shakespeare's legendary tragedy is revisited in this spirited and entertaining production that ran in London from November 2007 to February 2008. The flawless, talented cast features Ewan McGregor as the conniving Iago, Chiwetel Ejiofor as Othello (whose performance won him the Olivier Award as best actor) and Kelly Reilly as Desdemona. There is also excellent support from Tom Hiddleston (as Cassio) and Michelle Fairley (as Emilia). This audio production is a rousing, theatrical performance expertly guided by director Michael Grandage. Complete with a musical score as well as full sound effects and background noises, listening is so enjoyable that the play speeds by at breakneck pace. An enclosed booklet contains color photographs of the production and a well-written essay by drama professor Russell Jackson. There's also an entertaining bonus DVD disc featuring interviews with the cast and crew. Brilliantly produced in all departments, listening is the next best thing to seeing it live. (July) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved


Choice Review

Targeting novice readers of Shakespeare, "The Sourcebooks Shakespeare" series presents the Bard's plays as a ground for lively debate and discussion. Each release includes a general introduction; the text of the play itself; a series of essays on the play, written by scholars who eschew technical vocabulary; and an audio CD of various performers reading selected scenes and speeches from the play. In the case of the Othello volume the recordings include rare gems performed by Paul Robeson and F. Scott Fitzgerald; the Romeo and Juliet CD features performances by Joseph Fiennes, Claire Bloom, Albert Finney, Judi Dench, and Fiona Shaw. The text of both plays is presented in an appealing font size with lots of blank space surrounding the dialogue. Notes occupy a facing page, and they are helpful without being overwhelming. Scenes or speeches performed on the CD are marked with a text box that indicates how to locate the track. Neither volume clarifies how the editors arrived at "the text," which will be a drawback to teachers who want to engage students with questions of textual bibliography. Photos of past productions aim to help students visualize the scenes. With all this helpful commentary, however, student readers have little need to project the text imaginatively. For example, in narrating the Othello CD, Sir Derek Jacobi prefaces most tracks with a summary of the scene to follow and frames each with an interpretation. The quality of these two volumes differs somewhat. In happy contrast to the edition of Othello, the essays in the Romeo and Juliet volume do not lose sight of the fact that the play text requires active, critical reading. Facsimile pages from promptbooks of famous productions, e.g., J.P. Kemble's 1814 mounting of the play, point the reader to directors' revisions of the play as they produce it. Those with limited background in reading early modern plays will appreciate this very "friendly" Shakespeare series. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. Lower-division undergraduates; secondary students; general readers. M. A. Bushman Illinois Wesleyan University


Booklist Review

By marrying comfortably recognizable manga elements with the potentially intimidating Shakespearean oeuvre, the Manga Shakespeare series offers yet another serviceable introduction for dubious teen readers. The art unfortunately pushes the fantastical, detracting from Othello's essential otherness by casting him as an otherworldly winged being and from Iago's terrifying insidiousness by giving him a painfully childish face. But with Shakespeare's original (though abridged) dialogue and an appended plot summary, there's no denying this book's appeal as a respectable graphic-format addition to teen collections. Check out Mustashrik's Julius Caesar (2008) for the pinnacle of this worthwhile subgenre.--Karp, Jesse Copyright 2009 Booklist


Library Journal Review

A comedy and drama about strained marital relations get Yale's red-carpet treatment. Each volume contains an essay by Harold Bloom and other extras. (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted. All rights reserved.


School Library Journal Review

Gr 9 Up-These full-text editions of the plays have clear, thoughtful annotations. Both volumes begin with the same good introductory essay about Shakespeare's life and times and include an essay that gives a voice coach's perspective on the Bard. What truly distinguishes these titles from other books, however, is the emphasis on the plays in performance. Each volume includes a discussion of a famous production and an analysis of the play in popular culture, as well as a section entitled "The Cast Speaks," which contains interviews with actors and actresses from modern productions who share their ideas about the characters and their motivations. Black-and-white photographs from contemporary stage productions and movie adaptations of each play are included. The really exciting feature of these editions is the audio CD that features recordings of famous actors such as Kenneth Branagh, Paul Robeson, and Kate Beckinsale performing scenes. The CDs include multiple readings of the same scene by different performers, which would be extremely useful for instructors who want their students to think about differing interpretations of the lines, as well as for instructors who would simply like their students to hear Shakespeare spoken by actors who have had training in speaking blank verse. Good purchases for schools in which these plays are a part of the curriculum.-Kathleen E. Gruver, Burlington County Library, Westampton, NJ (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Excerpts

Excerpts

Chapter 1 Act 1 Scene 1 running scene 1 Enter Rodorigo and Iago RODORIGO Never tell me! I take it much unkindly That thou, Iago, who hast had my purse As if the strings were thine, shouldst know of this. IAGO But you'll not hear me: if ever I did dream Of such a matter, abhor me. RODORIGO Thou told'st me Thou didst hold him in thy hate. IAGO Despise me If I do not. Three great ones of the city, In personal suit to make me his lieutenant, Off-capped to him, and by the faith of man, I know my price, I am worth no worse a place: But he, as loving his own pride and purposes, Evades them with a bombast circumstance Horribly stuffed with epithets of war, Nonsuits my mediators. For 'Certes', says he, 'I have already chose my officer.' And what was he? Forsooth, a great arithmetician, One Michael Cassio, a Florentine - A fellow almost damned in a fair wife - That never set a squadron in the field Nor the division of a battle knows More than a spinster, unless the bookish theoric, Wherein the toga'd consuls can propose As masterly as he. Mere prattle without practice Is all his soldiership. But he, sir, had th'election; And I - of whom his eyes had seen the proof At Rhodes, at Cyprus and on others' grounds, Christened and heathen - must be beleed and calmed By debitor and creditor: this counter-caster, He - in good time - must his lieutenant be, And I - bless the mark! - his Moorship's ancient. RODORIGO By heaven, I rather would have been his hangman. IAGO Why, there's no remedy: 'tis the curse of service; Preferment goes by letter and affection, And not by old gradation, where each second Stood heir to th'first. Now, sir, be judge yourself Whether I in any just term am affined To love the Moor. RODORIGO I would not follow him then. IAGO O, sir, content you: I follow him to serve my turn upon him. We cannot all be masters, nor all masters Cannot be truly followed. You shall mark Many a duteous and knee-crooking knave That - doting on his own obsequious bondage - Wears out his time, much like his master's ass, For nought but provender, and when he's old, cashiered: Whip me such honest knaves. Others there are Who, trimmed in forms and visages of duty, Keep yet their hearts attending on themselves, And throwing but shows of service on their lords, Do well thrive by them, And when they have lined their coats Do themselves homage: these fellows have some soul, And such a one do I profess myself. For, sir, It is as sure as you are Rodorigo, Were I the Moor, I would not be Iago: In following him, I follow but myself. Heaven is my judge, not I for love and duty, But seeming so, for my peculiar end, For when my outward action doth demonstrate The native act and figure of my heart In compliment extern, 'tis not long after But I will wear my heart upon my sleeve For daws to peck at: I am not what I am. RODORIGO What a full fortune does the thick-lips owe If he can carry't thus! IAGO Call up her father: Rouse him, make after him, poison his delight, Proclaim him in the streets, incense her kinsmen, And though he in a fertile climate dwell, Plague him with flies: though that his joy be joy, Yet throw such chances of vexation on't As it may lose some colour. RODORIGO Here is her father's house, I'll call aloud. IAGO Do, with like timorous accent and dire yell As when, by night and negligence, the fire Is spied in populous cities. RODORIGO What, ho, Brabantio! Signior Brabantio, ho! IAGO Awake! What, ho! Brabantio, thieves, thieves! Look to your house, your daughter and your bags! Thieves, thieves! BRABANTIO What is the reason of this Above At a window terrible summons? What is the matter there? RODORIGO Signior, is all your family within? IAGO Are your doors locked? BRABANTIO Why? Wherefore ask you this? IAGO Sir, you're robbed. For shame, put on your gown! Your heart is burst, you have lost half your soul: Even now, now, very now, an old black ram Is tupping your white ewe. Arise, arise! Awake the snorting citizens with the bell, Or else the devil will make a grandsire of you. Arise, I say! BRABANTIO What, have you lost your wits? RODORIGO Most reverend signior, do you know my voice? BRABANTIO Not I: what are you? RODORIGO My name is Rodorigo. BRABANTIO The worser welcome. I have charged thee not to haunt about my doors: In honest plainness thou hast heard me say My daughter is not for thee: and now in madness - Being full of supper and distemp'ring draughts - Upon malicious knavery dost thou come To start my quiet. RODORIGO Sir, sir, sir- BRABANTIO But thou must needs be sure My spirits and my place have in their power To make this bitter to thee. RODORIGO Patience, good sir. BRABANTIO What tell'st thou me of robbing? This is Venice: my house is not a grange. RODORIGO Most grave Brabantio, In simple and pure soul I come to you. IAGO Sir, you are one of those that will not serve God if the devil bid you. Because we come to do you service and you think we are ruffians, you'll have your daughter covered with a Barbary horse: you'll have your nephews neigh to you: you'll have coursers for cousins and jennets for germans. BRABANTIO What profane wretch art thou? IAGO I am one, sir, that comes to tell you your daughter and the Moor are making the beast with two backs. BRABANTIO Thou art a villain. IAGO You are a senator. BRABANTIO This thou shalt answer. I know thee, Rodorigo. RODORIGO Sir, I will answer anything. But I beseech you If't be your pleasure and most wise consent - As partly I find it is - that your fair daughter, At this odd-even and dull watch o'th'night, Transported with no worse nor better guard But with a knave of common hire, a gondolier, To the gross clasps of a lascivious Moor: If this be known to you and your allowance We then have done you bold and saucy wrongs: But if you know not this, my manners tell me We have your wrong rebuke. Do not believe That, from the sense of all civility, I thus would play and trifle with your reverence. Your daughter - if you have not given her leave - I say again, hath made a gross revolt, Tying her duty, beauty, wit and fortunes In an extravagant and wheeling stranger Of here and everywhere. Straight satisfy yourself: If she be in her chamber or your house, Let loose on me the justice of the state For thus deluding you. BRABANTIO Strike on the tinder, ho! Give me a taper! Call up all my people! This accident is not unlike my dream: Belief of it oppresses me already. Light, I say, light! Exit [above] IAGO Farewell, for I must leave you: It seems not meet nor wholesome to my place To be producted - as, if I stay, I shall - Against the Moor, for I do know the state, However this may gall him with some check, Cannot with safety cast him, for he's embarked With such loud reason to the Cyprus wars, Which even now stands in act, that, for their souls, Another of his fathom they have none, To lead their business: in which regard, Though I do hate him as I do hell-pains. Yet for necessity of present life I must show out a flag and sign of love, Which is indeed but sign. That you shall surely find him, Lead to the Sagittary the raisèd search, And there will I be with him. So farewell. Exit Enter Brabantio with Servants and torches BRABANTIO It is too true an evil: gone she is, And what's to come of my despisèd time Is nought but bitterness. Now, Rodorigo, Where didst thou see her?- O, unhappy girl!- With the Moor, say'st thou?- Who would be a father?- How didst thou know 'twas she?- O, she deceives me Past thought!- What said she to you?- Get more tapers: Raise all my kindred.- Are they married, think you? RODORIGO Truly, I think they are. BRABANTIO O heaven! How got she out? O treason of the blood! Fathers, from hence trust not your daughters' minds By what you see them act. Is there not charms By which the property of youth and maidhood May be abused? Have you not read, Rodorigo, Of some such thing? RODORIGO Yes, sir, I have indeed. BRABANTIO Call up my brother.- O, would you had had her!- Some one way, some another.- Do you know To Rodorigo Where we may apprehend her and the Moor? RODORIGO I think I can discover him, if you please To get good guard and go along with me. BRABANTIO Pray you lead on. At every house I'll call: I may command at most.- Get weapons, ho! And raise some special officers of might.- On, good Rodorigo: I will deserve your pains. Exeunt Excerpted from Othello by William Shakespeare All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.

Table of Contents

Introductionp. 4
William Shakespeare: Life, Plays, Theater, Versep. 6
The Tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice: Date, Source, Textp. 16
Othello
Original Text Side-by-Side With Modern Versionp. 19
Activitiesp. 294
Themes and Imagesp. 294
Charactersp. 301
Examination Questionsp. 315