Cover image for The New York landlord's law book
The New York landlord's law book
Hallenborg, Mary Ann, 1956-
Personal Author:
First edition.
Publication Information:
Berkeley, CA :, 2000.
Physical Description:
1 volume (various pagings) : illustrations, forms ; 28 cm + 1 computer laser optical disc (4 3/4 in.)
General Note:
Includes index.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
KF590.Z9 H26 2000 BOOK Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Oversize
KF590.Z9 H26 2000 CD Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area-Reference
KF590.Z9 H26 2000 CD Adult Non-Fiction Reference material
KF590.Z9 H26 2000 BOOK Adult Non-Fiction Open Shelf
KF590.Z9 H26 2000 CD Adult Non-Fiction Reference material

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New York is notoriously tough on landlords. The state's landlord-tenant laws are a confusing jumble that favor renters. And of the over three million residential rental units in New York State, nearly half are subject to complicated rent regulation laws, complete with tricky formulas for determining the monthly rent. Botching these calculations can lead to rent overcharge complaints, rent reduction orders and even triple damages against landlords who aren't careful.The New York Landlord's Law Book explains New York landlord-tenant law in comprehensive, understandable terms, and gives landlords the tools they need to head off problems with tenants and government agencies alike. Packed with practical advice, the book covers the basics such as choosing good tenants, preparing leases, hiring supers and resident managers, collecting overdue rent, making repairs and terminating problem tenants. In addition, The New York Landlord's Law Book provides nuts and bolts advice on how to comply with the latest laws on rent stabilization and rent control, fair housing, security deposits, required services, roommates and sublets, tenants, privacy, pets, environmental hazards such as lead and much more.The New York Landlord's Law Book provides an exhaustive appendix of four dozen legal forms, available as tear-outs and on disk, including a lease, rental application, rent demand, security deposit itemization and termination notices.Written by an attorney specializing in landlord-tenant law, The New York Landlord's Law Book belongs in the hands of every landlord, managing agent, resident manager and building superintendent, and anyone else involved in the rental real estate market in New York.

Table of Contents

1 How to Choose Good Tenants and Avoid Discrimination Complaints
A. Avoiding Fair Housing Complaints and Lawsuitsp. 3
B. Legal Reasons for Rejecting a Rental Applicantp. 4
C. Fair Housing Laws Define Illegal Grounds for Rejecting Tenantsp. 8
D. Penalties for Housing Discriminationp. 17
E. Advertising Your Rental Propertyp. 19
F. Renting Property That's Still Occupiedp. 21
G. Dealing With Prospective Tenantsp. 22
H. Checking References, Credit History and Morep. 28
I. Choosing--And Rejecting--An Applicantp. 34
J. Commissions and Finder's Feesp. 36
K. Holding Depositsp. 37
2 Preparing Leases and Rental Agreements
A. Which Is Better, a Lease or a Rental Agreement?p. 2
B. Using the Lease Forms in This Bookp. 4
C. Completing the Lease or Rental Agreement Formp. 5
D. Signing a Lease or Rental Agreementp. 28
E. New York City Window Guard Riderp. 29
F. New York State ("ETPA") Rent-Stabilized Rent Noticep. 29
G. Lease Forms and Riders for New York City Rent-Stabilized Unitsp. 31
H. About Guarantorsp. 36
I. How to Prepare a Renewal Lease for Rent-Stabilized Tenantsp. 38
3 Basic Rent Rules
A. How Much Can You Charge?p. 2
B. When Rent Is Duep. 3
C. Where and How Rent Is Duep. 5
D. Rent Receiptsp. 7
E. Late Charges and Discounts for Early Paymentsp. 8
F. Returned Check Chargesp. 9
G. Partial or Delayed Rent Paymentsp. 10
H. Raising the Rentp. 12
4 Rent Regulation
A. Rent Stabilizationp. 7
B. Rent Controlp. 16
C. "Individual Apartment Improvement" Rent Increasesp. 24
D. Major Capital Improvement ("MCI") Rent Increasesp. 26
E. Senior Citizen Rent Increase Exemption (SCRIE)p. 32
F. "High-Rent/High Income" Deregulationp. 33
G. How to Deal with a Rent-Stabilized Tenant's Rent Overcharge Complaintp. 34
5 Security Deposits
A. What's A Security Deposit?p. 2
B. Last Month's Rentp. 2
C. Dollar Limits on Depositsp. 3
D. Dollar Limits on Deposits for Rent-Regulated Unitsp. 4
E. Where to Put the Moneyp. 4
F. When the Deposit Must Bear Interestp. 5
G. When Interest Must Be Paidp. 6
H. Changing the Security Deposit Arrangementp. 6
I. Handling Deposits When You Buy or Sell Rental Propertyp. 6
6 Hiring Supers, Resident Managers and Management Companies
A. Legal Reasons for Hiring a Super or Managerp. 3
B. Hiring Your Own Super or Managerp. 3
C. How to Prepare a Building Superintendent/Property Manager Agreementp. 11
D. Your Legal Obligations as an Employerp. 17
E. Management Companiesp. 21
F. Your Liability for a Super or Manager's Actsp. 22
G. Notifying Tenants of the Super or Managerp. 24
H. Municipal Registration Requirementsp. 25
I. Firing a Super or Managerp. 26
J. Evicting a Managerp. 29
7 Getting the Tenant Moved In
A. Inspect the Rental Unitp. 2
B. Photograph the Rental Unitp. 7
C. Send New Tenants a Move-In Letterp. 8
D. Cash Rent and Security Deposit Checksp. 11
E. Organize Your Tenant Recordsp. 12
8 Apartment Sharing, Subletting and Assignments
A. Dealing with Co-Tenantsp. 3
B. Subtenants and Other Occupantsp. 7
C. Additional Occupants and the "Roommate Law"p. 10
D. Sublets and the "Sublet Law"p. 17
E. When a Tenant Wants to Assign the Leasep. 26
9 Landlord's Duty to Repair and Maintain the Premises
A. Landlord's Legal Responsibility for Repairs and Maintenancep. 3
B. How to Meet Your Repair and Maintenance Responsibilitiesp. 11
C. Tenant Repair and Maintenance Obligationsp. 25
D. Tenant Responses to Unfit Premises: Paying Less Rentp. 26
E. Tenant Responses: Calling Inspectors, Filing Lawsuits and Moving Outp. 31
F. Avoiding Problems by Adopting a Good Maintenance and Repair Systemp. 35
G. Landlord's Regular Safety and Maintenance Inspectionsp. 40
10 Landlord's Right of Entry and Tenant's Right to Privacy
A. General Rules of Entryp. 3
B. New York City Tenants Must Permit Entry for Repairs and Inspectionsp. 3
C. Rent-Regulated Tenants Must Give Access For Repairs, Improvements, Inspections and Showingsp. 4
D. The Best Approach to Giving "Reasonable" Noticep. 5
E. Entry in Case of Emergencyp. 5
F. Entry to Make Repairsp. 6
G. Entry to Inspect Unitp. 9
H. Entry During Tenant's Extended Absencep. 9
I. Entry to Show Property to Prospective Tenants, Buyers or Lendersp. 9
J. Entry by Othersp. 11
K. Other Types of Invasions of Privacyp. 12
L. What to Do When Tenants Unreasonably Deny Entryp. 14
M. Tenants' Remedies If a Landlord Acts Illegallyp. 15
11 Dealing with Environmental Hazards
A. Leadp. 2
B. Asbestosp. 11
C. Refrigerantsp. 16
D. Radonp. 17
12 Collecting Overdue Rent
A. What's A "Rent Demand"?p. 2
B. Written Rent Demands: The "Three-Day Notice"p. 3
C. How to Fill Out a Rent Demand Noticep. 4
D. How to Deliver A Rent Demand Noticep. 8
E. Proof of Servicep. 12
F. Oral Rent Demandsp. 17
G. Calculating the Tenant's Deadline to Pay or Leavep. 18
H. Accepting Rent After You Deliver a Rent Demand Noticep. 19
I. If the Tenant Won't Pay Rent (or Leave)p. 20
J. If the Tenant Is Chronically Late Paying Rentp. 20
13 Terminating Month-to-Month Tenancies
A How Month-to-Month Tenancies Endp. 4
B Terminating Month-to-Month Tenancies Within New York Cityp. 4
C Terminating Month-to-Month Tenancies Outside New York Cityp. 10
D How Much Notice the Tenant Must Give to End Tenancyp. 13
E When No Notice Is Required to End Tenancyp. 15
F Accepting Rent After a Termination Notice Is Givenp. 17
14 Grounds for Terminating Fixed-Term and Rent-Regulated Tenancies
A Basic Termination Notices and Termsp. 4
B Termination for Violation of Lease Termp. 5
C Termination for "Immoral or Illegal Use or Occupancy"p. 9
D Termination For Nuisance or Objectionable Conductp. 11
E Grounds For Removing Rent-Regulated Tenantsp. 13
F Tenant's Right of Terminationp. 20
G When a Tenant Volunteers to Leavep. 21
H Succession Rights to Rent-Regulated Unitsp. 22
I Retaliatory Evictions Prohibitedp. 25
15 How to Prepare and Serve Notices Terminating Leases and Rent-Regulated Tenancies
A Termination Basicsp. 4
B Who May Sign Noticesp. 10
C Preparing a Notice to Curep. 10
D Preparing a Termination Noticep. 15
E Notice of Non-Renewal for Rent-Stabilized Tenantsp. 20
F How To Deliver Noticesp. 24
G DHCR Filing Requirements for Rent-Regulated Tenanciesp. 25
H DHCR Certificates of Evictionp. 26
16 Returning Security Deposits and Other Move-Out Issues
A Preparing a Move-Out Letterp. 2
B Inspecting the Unit When a Tenant Leavesp. 5
C Applying the Security Deposit to the Last Month's Rentp. 6
D Basic Rules for Returning Depositsp. 7
E Deductions for Repairs and Cleaningp. 8
F Deductions for Unpaid Rentp. 10
G Preparing an Itemized Statement of Deductionsp. 14
H Mailing the Security Deposit Itemizationp. 18
I If a Tenant Files a Complaint or Sues Youp. 19
J If the Deposit Doesn't Cover Damage and Unpaid Rentp. 24
17 Lawyers and Legal Research
A Finding a Lawyerp. 2
B Types of Fee Arrangements With Lawyersp. 4
C Saving on Legal Feesp. 5
D Resolving Problems With Your Lawyerp. 7
E Attorney Fees in a Lawsuitp. 9
F Doing Your Own Legal Researchp. 9
G Where to Find State, Local and Federal Lawsp. 9
H How to Research Court Decisionsp. 12
Appendix I Resources for New York Landlords
Appendix II Sample Lease Forms and Riders for NYC Rent-Stabilized Units
Appendix III How to Use the Forms CD
Appendix IV Tear-Out Forms