Cover image for The United States labor force : a descriptive analysis
The United States labor force : a descriptive analysis
Prywes, Ruth W.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Westport, Conn. : Quorum Books, [2000]

Physical Description:
xiv, 393 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm
Reading Level:
1440 Lexile.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
HD5724 .P785 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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The United States labor force is examined in detail in this comprehensive study. The history and current makeup of the workforce is revealed and issues and trends are investigated. Theory and analysis are blended with demographics to provide the reader with a solid overview of the current state of the American worker and his or her environment. Competing views are offered on diverse issues such as unions, welfare, and health care. Where helpful, economic and labor theory is explained and applied to give the book scholarly rigor along with readability and practical information. The viewpoint remains focused on a broad view of manpower. As such, emphasis is not on theoretical analysis but on description, historical trends, statistics on present conditions, and explanations.

The book begins with a discussion of the development of the workforce, the impact of immigration, the rise of nontraditional work arrangements, the underground economy, and demographics. Basic vocabulary and concepts are presented and explained to give the reader the tools necessary to analyze the topics presented in the latter parts of the book. Education is examined in part two. Competing views on the U.S. educational system and the value of education in an economic sense are discussed as are the choices open to non-college graduates. Career choices, unions, wage determination, and women and minority issues are considered in later chapters. Aspects of unemployment are explored in part seven. The book concludes with a look at the government's role in the workforce, including welfare, social insurance, and health care and shows how these programs impact both employer and worker behavior. This book is a great resource for executives, human resource professionals, researchers, policy makers, and students.

Author Notes

Ruth W. Prywes is a former Adjunct Professor at Drexel University School of Business and Administration in the Management Department.

Table of Contents

Illustrationsp. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introductionp. xiii
Part I Backgroundp. 1
1. Origins and Characteristics of the U.S. Labor Forcep. 3
2. New Work Statuses and the Rise of the Underground Economyp. 15
3. Work Hours, Work Weeks, and Population Mobilityp. 35
Part II Education for Employmentp. 43
4. Differing Views Concerning Investment in Educationp. 45
5. The Relationship Between Education and Employmentp. 55
6. The Outlook for Non-College Graduatesp. 65
Part III Initial Entry into the Labor Force and Recruitmentp. 89
7. Career Choice and Initial Entryp. 91
8. Professionalization of the Workforcep. 107
9. Organizational Recruitment and Job Searchp. 123
Part IV Union Organization and Its Futurep. 135
10. Union Organization: Its Structure and Functioningp. 137
11. The Revival of Unionism and Possible Futuresp. 153
Part V Wage Determinationp. 173
12. The Major Theories and Wage Differentialsp. 175
13. The Setting of Compensationp. 189
14. Curtailments on the Power of the Marketp. 215
Part VI The Different Labor Market Experiences of Women and Racial and Ethnic Minoritiesp. 227
15. Employment-Associated Discriminationp. 229
16. Occupational and Job Segregationp. 245
17. The Uniqueness of the African-American Experiencep. 259
Part VII Unemploymentp. 279
18. The Distribution, Types, and Measurement of Unemploymentp. 281
19. The Job Security Issuep. 299
Part VIII The American Income Transfer Systemp. 313
20. The U.S. Social Insurancesp. 315
21. The U.S. Welfare Systemp. 333
22. Health Care Programs: Medicare and Medicaidp. 347
Bibliographyp. 355
Indexp. 379