Cover image for The Holocaust in Romania : the destruction of Jews and Gypsies under the Antonescu regime, 1940-1944
Title:
The Holocaust in Romania : the destruction of Jews and Gypsies under the Antonescu regime, 1940-1944
Author:
Ioanid, Radu.
Personal Author:
Uniform Title:
Evreii sub regimul Antonescu. English
Publication Information:
Chicago : Ivan R. Dee, 2000.
Physical Description:
xxiv, 352 pages, 12 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
General Note:
"Published in association with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum."
Language:
English
ISBN:
9781566632560
Format :
Book

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DS135.R7 I6513 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks
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Summary

Summary

In 1930, 757,000 Jews lived in Romania. They constituted the third-largest Jewish community in Europe. Today not more than 14,000 Jews live in Romania, most of them elderly. The record of the Holocaust in Romania includes many curious chapters of betrayal and support, but they have been largely unavailable until now. Radu Ioanid's account, based upon unparalleled access to previously secret East European government archives, is an unprecedented analysis of heretofore purposely hidden materials. Archival records, published and unpublished reports, memoirs of survivors, letters - Dr. Ioanid uses all these elements to build an accurate perspective on Romanian policies of racism, anti-Semitism, and the extermination of Jews during the regime of Ion Antonescu.


Reviews 2

Booklist Review

Ioanid, who was born and raised in Bucharest, begins this definitive account of the Holocaust in Romania under the rule of Ion Antonescu by examining the roots of that nation's anti-Semitism. When Antonescu came to power in September 1940, living conditions worsened considerably, and Ioanid chronicles the fascist anti-Semitic legislation that followed. The eventual result was a series of deportations carried out under murderous conditions. The administrative and legal measures authorizing these deportations, as well as pogroms and the resettlement of Jews in ghettos, are described in detail. The author relies primarily on previously unpublished Romanian documents in the archives of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum and the National Archives in Washington, along with records from the Yad Vashem in Jerusalem and testimonies of survivors. The Holocaust in Romania is a testament that such cruelty can and did take place in a modern civilized nation. --George Cohen


Choice Review

The opening of Eastern European archives has enabled scholars to broaden their knowledge and understanding of the Holocaust, particularly as a pan-European phenomenon. Such is the case with Ioanid's important study, which uses newly available Romanian sources. Ioanid argues that the Holocaust in Romania occurred because of long-standing indigenous, Romanian antisemitic and nationalist sentiments, and required little prompting from the Germans. As the author shows, the Romanians initiated their own brutal actions against the Jews, conducting a series of pogroms, deportations, ghettoizations, and mass killings. Although at least 250,000 of 766,000 Romanian Jews died during the war, the majority survived, saved inadvertently by Romanian bureaucratic inefficiency and disorganization, as well as by the willingness of Romanian officials to stop their genocidal policies once they realized, after Stalingrad, that the war was lost. Although more work needs to be done on this topic (for example, the fate of the Gypsies is discussed in only 12 pages, and little analysis is provided regarding popular participation), this book is a critical first step for understanding the Holocaust in Romania. An important addition to Holocaust collections. General readers; undergraduates and above. K. D. Slepyan; Transylvania University