Cover image for Ceramic innovations in the 20th century
Title:
Ceramic innovations in the 20th century
Author:
Wachtman, J. B., 1928-
Publication Information:
Westerville, Ohio : The American Ceramic Society, [1999]

©1999
Physical Description:
xiii, 307 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Language:
English
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Added Corporate Author:
ISBN:
9781574980936
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

More than 100 important innovations in ceramics in the last 100 years are individually described. These include such major advances as the float glass process, continuous glass fibers and glass wool, the zirconia oxygen sensor, honeycomb ceramics, tape casting and multilayer ceramics, advances in tunnel kilns, low loss optical fiber, dental ceramics, basic oxygen steelmaking refractories, and uranium dioxide as a nuclear fuel. In addition, a summary of progress in ceramics is given that relates ceramic advances to general trends in the progress of science and industrial development.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

Ceramic Innovations in the 20th Century is a summary of important steps and developments in the history of ceramics. Editor Wachtman has structured the book in two parts: the first is a brief overview the various fields and there Wachtman offers readers the option either to go right away to some of the specific chapters that follow in the second part, or to a broad-based overview, which helps in understanding the connections between the more specific chapters in the second part. The second part is divided into several main chapters on basic ceramic processing, basic glass processing, ceramics in the processing of other materials, functional use of ceramics, and special applications of ceramics. Within those subchapters, numerous examples of specific applications, properties, or processing steps are illustrated by a large number of experts in each specific field. Individual chapters are kept to a minimum length, which is extremely useful for the general reader, since too much scientific detail would distract from the reading. The book is easy to understand and does not require any specific scientific background or knowledge. For the general reader, the book provides a good way to become familiar with the ceramic field and its various applications. H. Giesche; Alfred University


Table of Contents

The Development of Modern Ceramic TechnologyJohn B. Wachtman
Introduction
Trends in Ceramic Technology before 1899
Trends in Ceramic Technology since 1899
Advances in Ceramic Technology since 1899 Grouped by Application
Archaeology
Automobiles and Related Vehicles
Ceramic Processing Technology for General Applications of Ceramics
Ceramic Coatings Technology
Chemical and Structural Studies
Consumer Products
Defense
Electrical and Electronic Uses of Ceramics
Fluid Filters
Glass Production Technology for General Applications
Lasers
Machinery in General
Machining of Metals and Ceramics
Mechanical Property Enhancement
Medical and Dental Applications
Nuclear Applications
Optical Communications
Radio and Television
Refractories for Metal, Glass and Cement Processing
Sensors
Single Crystals Synthesis of Totally New Ceramic Materials
Descriptions of Important Ceramic Innovations in the Past 100 Years
Basic Ceramic Processing
Powders
Low-Soda Calcined AluminaG. MacZura
Tabular Alumina AggregatesR.A. Marra
Calcined and Reactive AluminasR. Racher
Silicon Nitride Powder ImprovementT. Yamada
Nanophase CeramicsB.H. Kear and G. Skandan
Nanopowder Process for Ultra-Fine and Ultra-Fast PulverizingK. Kugimiya
Spray DryingS. Lukasiewicz
Forming
Isotatic PressingJ.W. Hinton and J.S. Owens
Ceramic Injection MoldingG. Krug
Enzyme Catalysis in Ceramic FormingL.J. Gauckler and T.J. Graule and F.H. Baader
Tape CastingE.R. Twiname and R.E. Mistler
Sheet-Formed CeramicsJ. Thompson
Laminated Multilayer Ceramic TechnologyD.L. Wilcox
Firing
Kiln Design Innovations in the 20th CenturyR.J. Eicher
Conveyer Technology for Tile Firing in Tunnel KilnsA.E. Rokhvarger
Hot Isostatic PressingDale Niesz
Sintering of Alumina at Temperatures of 1400 C and BelowE.P. Hyatt
Pore-Free CeramicsJ. Burke
Pore-Free Silicon Carbide CeramicsS. Prochazka
Special Chemical Processing
Early History of Sol-Gel CeramicsT.E. Wood
Sol-Gel Processing of CeramicsR. Roy
Sol-Gel Ceramic ProductsH.G. Sowman
Large Silica Glass Bodies from Colloidal SolsD.W. Johnson and J.B. Mac Chesney
Basic Glass Processing
Glass Windows, Bottles, and Bulbs
Float Glass ProcessW.R. Prindle
Enhanced Float-Glass ProcessT. Nishikori
Ribbon Machine for Glass BulbsW.R. Prindle
Ribbon Machine for Glass Light Bulb FormingW. Rhodes and R. Alspaugh
Owens Suction Bottle MachineW.R. Prindle
Danner Process for Making Glass TubingW.R. Prindle
Continuous Melting of Optical GlassW.R. Prindle
Fiberglass
Continuous Glass FibersD. Hofmann
Steam-Blown Glass WoolC. Rapp
Rotary FiberizingN. Cameron
Glass Specialty Items
Glass-CeramicsL.R. Pinckney
Glass-CeramicsA.R. Boccaccini
Radiant Glass-Ceramic CooktopsG.H. Beall
Glass MicrospheresW. Beck
Laminated GlassP.S. Danielson
Borosilicate Laboratory and Consumer GlasswareP.S. Danielson
Large, Flat-Glass TV TubesY. Sato
Automotive Solar Control Electrica