Cover image for Living and dying in the USA : behavioral, health, and social differentials of adult mortality
Living and dying in the USA : behavioral, health, and social differentials of adult mortality
Rogers, Richard G.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
San Diego : Academic Press, [2000]

Physical Description:
xx, 354 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Format :


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HB1335 .R644 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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The simplicity of using one data set in addressing the relationship of single variables to mortality distinguishes Living and Dying in the USA from other recent investigations of mortality. The authors use the recently released National Health Interview Survey and the National Death Index to make a definitive statement about demographics and mortality. By surveying demographic and sociocultural characteristics associated with mortality, socioeconomic effects, health-related conditions, and health status, they reveal connections among several factors related to mortality chances. Easily understood and cited, their study emphasizes the statistical methods underlying their revelations and invites readers to duplicate their results.

Reviews 1

Library Journal Review

Rogers (Univ. of Colorado, Boulder) and his associates Robert Hummer (Univ. of Texas, Austin) and Charles Nam (Florida State Univ.) have put together a demographer's dream by using the statistics recently made available through the National Health Interview Survey and the National Death Index. This book presents fresh data combined with death certificates to draw sociological conclusions about mortality in the United States. The authors clearly explain how they analyzed each set of data and drew their conclusions to define a particular aspect of mortality. While it is no surprise that the poor, uneducated, uninsured, and unemployed die sooner than the rich, well-educated, and insured, this remains the most comprehensive work to date on the demographics of death. The book is easily understandable and not at all hesitant about divulging the methodology used. Each chapter contains an author's conclusion and explanation. Highly recommended for academic and large public libraries.--Sandra Isaacson, Las Vegas (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Table of Contents

Prologuep. XVII
Acknowledgmentsp. XIX
Part I Introduction, Overview, and Data and Methods
1 Introduction and Overview
Factors Related to Mortalityp. 5
Demographic and Baseline Health Characteristicsp. 7
Social and Economic Factorsp. 8
Behavioral and Health Factorsp. 9
Outcomesp. 10
Data Analysisp. 10
Strategy of the Narrativep. 11
2 Data and Methods
Datap. 13
National Health Interview Surveyp. 14
Matching the NHIS to the Multiple Cause of Death Filep. 16
Data Issues and Limitationsp. 18
Measurementp. 20
Mortality Measuresp. 20
Covariates of Mortalityp. 22
Missing Datap. 23
Statistical Analysesp. 24
Descriptive Analysesp. 24
Discrete Time Hazards Modelingp. 24
Statistical Inference in Complex Sample Surveysp. 27
Health Selectivityp. 27
Conclusionp. 28
Part II Demographic and Sociocultural Characteristics
3 The Sex Differential in Mortality
Previous Literature on the Sex Mortality Gapp. 31
Datap. 34
Resultsp. 35
Descriptive Statisticsp. 35
The Sex Difference in Overall Mortalityp. 37
Sex Differences in Cause-Specific Mortalityp. 40
Sex Mortality Differentials across Social and Economic Factorsp. 44
Conclusionp. 49
4 Race/Ethnicity, Nativity, and Adult Mortality
Introductionp. 54
Datap. 56
Resultsp. 58
Descriptive Statisticsp. 58
Race/Ethnicity, Nativity, and Mortality across All Adult Agesp. 61
Separate Models by Age Group and Cause of Deathp. 66
Conclusionp. 73
5 Family Composition and Mortality
Data and Methodsp. 79
Resultsp. 84
Conclusionp. 90
6 Religious Attendance, Social Participation, and Adult Mortality
Linking Religious and General Social Participation to Mortalityp. 95
Religious Attendancep. 97
General Social Participationp. 98
Selection Factorsp. 98
Mediating Factorsp. 99
Datap. 100
Resultsp. 101
Religious Attendance, General Social Participation, and All-Cause Mortalityp. 103
Age- and Cause-Specific Mortalityp. 107
Conclusionp. 110
Part III Socioeconomic Factors
7 The Effects of Basic Socioeconomic Factors on Mortality
Data and Measurement Problemsp. 115
Scientific and Policy Relevancep. 116
The Widening Mortality Gapp. 116
Conceptualizing and Measuring Socioeconomic Statusp. 117
Educationp. 118
Family Incomep. 119
Employment Statusp. 121
Methodsp. 122
Resultsp. 125
The Effects of Education on Mortalityp. 125
The Effects of Income on Mortalityp. 129
The Effects of Employment Status on Mortalityp. 132
The Effects of Socioeconomic Status on Cause-Specific Mortalityp. 133
Conclusionp. 133
8 The Effect of Occupational Status on Mortality
Healthy Worker Effectp. 143
Occupational Status and Cause of Deathp. 143
Occupational Status Indicesp. 144
Central Aimsp. 145
Data and Methodsp. 146
Occupational Status Codesp. 146
Resultsp. 148
Comparisons among Those Currently Workingp. 149
Comparisons among Those Not Currently Workingp. 153
Cause-Specific Mortalityp. 154
Conclusionp. 154
9 Health Insurance Coverage and Mortality
Data and Methods of Analysisp. 161
Resultsp. 164
Young and Middle-Aged Adultsp. 165
Older Adultsp. 165
Conclusionp. 169
Part IV Health Conditions and Health Status
10 Perceived Health Status and Mortality
Past Studies of Health Statusp. 177
Measurement and Methodsp. 180
Resultsp. 181
Conclusionp. 194
11 Functional Limitations and Mortality
Age and Functional Limitationsp. 197
Functional Status Measuresp. 198
Data and Methodsp. 199
Resultsp. 202
Functional Limitations for Adults Ages 65 and Overp. 202
Functional Limitations for Adults Under Age 65p. 207
Conclusionp. 210
12 Mental and Addictive Disorders and Mortality
Definition of Termsp. 221
The Effects of Mental and Addictive Disordersp. 223
Mental and Addictive Disorders and Social Functioningp. 223
Mental and Addictive Disorders and Physical Functioningp. 224
Mental and Addictive Disorders and Effects on Other Family Membersp. 224
Mental and Addictive Disorders and the Risk of Deathp. 224
Data and Methodsp. 226
Resultsp. 229
Conclusionp. 237
13 Cigarette Smoking and Mortality
Past Studies of Cigarette Smoking and Mortalityp. 244
Newer Analysis and Its Significancep. 246
Measurement and Methodsp. 247
Resultsp. 248
Sex Differencesp. 252
Causes of Deathp. 254
Conclusionp. 256
14 Alcohol Consumption and Mortality
Previous Studies of Drinking Behaviorp. 260
Previous Studies of Drinking and Mortalityp. 261
Data and Methodsp. 262
Resultsp. 263
Conclusionp. 269
15 Exercise and Mortality
Mechanisms through Which Exercise Reduces Mortalityp. 273
Physicalp. 273
Psychologicalp. 274
Socialp. 274
Cross Trainingp. 275
Potential Confounding Effectsp. 275
Data and Methodsp. 275
Resultsp. 276
Conclusionp. 279
16 The Influence of Other Health Behaviors on Mortality
Other Health Risk Behaviorsp. 286
Data and Methodsp. 290
Resultsp. 291
Conclusionp. 298
17 Conclusion
Demographic and Sociocultural Characteristicsp. 303
Socioeconomic Factorsp. 307
Health Factorsp. 308
Health-Related Behaviorsp. 310
Factors Related to Adult Mortalityp. 312
Directions for Future Data Collection and Researchp. 313
Underlying and Multiple-Cause Mortalityp. 316
Policy and Applicationp. 317
Future Outlookp. 319
Epiloguep. 321
Referencesp. 323
Author Indexp. 343
Subject Indexp. 351