Cover image for Why buildings stand up : the strength of architecture
Title:
Why buildings stand up : the strength of architecture
Author:
Salvadori, Mario, 1907-1997.
Publication Information:
New York : Norton, 1990.

©1980
Physical Description:
323 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
General Note:
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780393306767
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Between a nomad's tent and the Sears Tower lies a revolution in technology, materials, and structures. Here is a clear and enthusiastic introduction to buildings methods from ancient times to the present day, including recent advances in science and technology that have had important effects on the planning and construction of buildings: improved materials (steel, concrete, plastics), progress in antiseismic designs, and the revolutionary changes in both architectural and structural design made possible by the computer.


Author Notes

Mario Salvadori (1907-1997) was James Renwick Professor Emeritus of Civil Engineering and Professor Emeritus of Architecture at Columbia University, an honorary member of the American Institute of Architects, and author of eighteen books, including (with Matthys Levy) Why Buildings Fall Down


Table of Contents

1 Structuresp. 17
The Beginning of Architecturep. 17
Function and Structurep. 18
Architects and Engineersp. 23
Structure and the Laymanp. 24
2 The Pyramidsp. 27
What Are They?p. 27
The Building of the Pyramidsp. 29
The Social Purpose of the Pyramidsp. 38
The Death of the Pyramidsp. 40
3 Loadsp. 43
Dead Loadsp. 43
Live Loadsp. 44
Dynamic Loadsp. 45
Wind Loadsp. 49
Earthquake Loadsp. 53
Thermal and Settlement Loadsp. 54
4 Materialsp. 59
Tension and Compressionp. 59
Elasticity and Plasticityp. 60
Safety Factorsp. 63
Steelp. 64
Reinforced Concretep. 66
Plasticsp. 70
5 Beams and Columnsp. 72
Newton's Lawsp. 72
Translational Equilibriump. 73
Rotational Equilibriump. 75
Beam Actionp. 76
Shearp. 83
Bucklingp. 85
6 Housesp. 90
Prehistoric and Historic Housesp. 90
The American Housep. 94
Concrete-Frame Housingp. 96
Prefabricated Concrete Buildingsp. 101
7 Skyscrapersp. 107
The High-Rise Buildingp. 107
The Birth of a Skyscraperp. 109
The Skyscraper Structurep. 116
8 The Eiffel Towerp. 126
The Symbolp. 126
The Builder of the Towerp. 129
The Building of the Towerp. 133
Cranes and Elevatorsp. 136
The Life of the Towerp. 140
The Taller Towersp. 141
9 Bridgesp. 144
Archesp. 144
Railroad Bridgesp. 150
Concrete Bridgesp. 157
Space Framesp. 160
10 The Brooklyn Bridgep. 165
The Creator of the Bridgep. 165
The Construction of the Bridgep. 169
Modern Suspension Bridgesp. 176
11 Form-Resistant Structuresp. 179
Grids and Flat Slabsp. 179
Strength through Formp. 186
Curved Surfacesp. 188
Barrel Roofs and Folded Platesp. 191
Saddle Roofsp. 195
Complex Roofsp. 198
Thin Shell Damsp. 201
12 The Unfinished Cathedralp. 206
The Origin of the Gothic Cathedralsp. 206
Gothic Spaces and Structuresp. 209
Saint Pierre at Beauvaisp. 217
13 Domesp. 225
The Largest Roofs in the Worldp. 225
The Dome as Structurep. 226
The Pantheonp. 230
Santa Maria del Fiorep. 233
Modern Domesp. 242
14 Hagia Sophiap. 246
The Construction of the Churchp. 246
The Interior of the Churchp. 248
The Structure of the Churchp. 252
The Fate of Hagia Sophiap. 255
15 Tents and Balloonsp. 259
Tentsp. 259
Pneumatic Structuresp. 268
16 The Hanging Skyp. 278
Domes and Dishesp. 278
The Hanging Dishp. 280
17 The Message of Structurep. 288
Semiotic Messagesp. 288
Semiotic Message and Scalep. 297
The Varying Semiotic Messagep. 300
Afterwordp. 303
Indexp. 315