Cover image for World religions : a historical approach
Title:
World religions : a historical approach
Author:
Nigosian, S. A. (Solomon Alexander)
Edition:
Third edition.
Publication Information:
Boston : Bedford/St. Martin's, [2000]

©2000
Physical Description:
xix, 444 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
Language:
English
Subject Term:
ISBN:
9780312152680

9780312227579
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

A concise, balanced, and reasonably priced introductory text,World Religions(the revision ofWorld Faiths, Second Edition) takes a historical approach to the ideological and cultural aspects of several religions. More than just a collection of facts about beliefs and mores, this unique text offers students a complex portrait of each religion, with scholarly viewpoints interspersed throughout.


Author Notes

Solomon Alexander Nigosian is Research Associate at the University of Toronto, Victoria College, where he teaches World Religions and Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. Dr. Nigosian received the Excellence in Teaching Award from the University of Toronto, School of Continuing Studies.


Table of Contents

Forewordp. vii
Prefacep. ix
Maps and Timelinesp. xvii
About the Authorp. xix
1 Understanding Religionp. 1
An Intellectual Inquiryp. 1
The Study of Religionp. 2
The Origin of Religionp. 4
Definitions of Religionp. 5
Approaches and Goalsp. 7
Study Questionsp. 9
Suggested Readingp. 9
Notesp. 10
2 Prehistoric Religionp. 11
Human Skullsp. 11
Bear Skullsp. 12
Corpsesp. 14
Works of Artp. 15
Stone Structuresp. 17
Study Questionsp. 19
Suggested Readingp. 19
3 Hinduismp. 20
Originsp. 20
Hindu Social Structurep. 22
Hindu Sacred Textsp. 27
Hindu Teachingsp. 29
Hindu Reform Movementsp. 46
Popular Hinduismp. 49
Hindu Observancesp. 51
Study Questionsp. 55
Suggested Readingp. 56
Notesp. 57
4 Jainismp. 58
Mahavirap. 58
The Twelve Vows of Jainismp. 61
Jain Groupsp. 62
Jain Sacred Textsp. 63
Jain Teachingsp. 64
Jain Observancesp. 66
Study Questionsp. 67
Suggested Readingp. 67
Notesp. 67
5 Buddhismp. 68
The Buddhap. 68
The Spread of Buddhismp. 74
Buddhist Sacred Textsp. 80
Buddhist Teachingsp. 80
Buddhist Groupsp. 86
Buddhist Observancesp. 92
Study Questionsp. 99
Suggested Readingp. 100
Notesp. 101
6 Taoism and Confucianismp. 102
Early Chinese Religionp. 104
Taoismp. 112
Confucianismp. 119
Chinese Observancesp. 131
Study Questionsp. 134
Suggested Readingp. 135
Notep. 136
7 Shintop. 137
Defining Shintop. 137
Ancient Recordsp. 140
The Development of Shintop. 141
Shinto Observancesp. 158
Study Questionsp. 161
Suggested Readingp. 161
Notep. 162
8 Egyptian Religionp. 163
Egyptian Civilizationp. 163
Egyptian Religious Thoughtp. 164
Egyptian Mythologyp. 171
Egyptian Observancesp. 172
Study Questionsp. 174
Suggested Readingp. 175
Notesp. 175
9 Mesopotamian Religionp. 177
Mesopotamian Civilizationp. 177
Mesopotamian Religious Thoughtp. 180
Mesopotamian Mythologyp. 181
Mesopotamian Observancesp. 182
Study Questionsp. 185
Suggested Readingp. 185
Notesp. 185
10 Greek Religionp. 186
Early Greek Religionp. 187
Intellectual Viewsp. 190
Popular Religionp. 192
Mystery Religionsp. 195
Festivalsp. 197
Hellenistic Syncretismp. 199
Study Questionsp. 199
Suggested Readingp. 200
Notesp. 201
11 Roman Religionp. 202
Roman Religionp. 203
Foreign Accretionsp. 207
Festivalsp. 213
Study Questionsp. 214
Suggested Readingp. 214
12 Zoroastrianismp. 216
Zoroasterp. 216
The Spread of Zoroastrianismp. 220
Zoroastrian Sacred Textsp. 221
Zoroastrian Teachingsp. 222
Zoroastrian Observancesp. 228
Study Questionsp. 233
Suggested Readingp. 234
13 Judaismp. 235
Biblical Traditionp. 237
The Rise and Development of Judaismp. 243
Jews under Christian and Muslim Rulep. 249
Jewish Groups in the Middle Agesp. 252
Modern Jewish Groupsp. 253
The Biblep. 254
The Talmud and the Midrashp. 257
Jewish Teachingsp. 258
Jewish Observancesp. 262
Study Questionsp. 267
Suggested Readingp. 268
Notep. 269
14 Christianityp. 270
The Roman Empirep. 270
Jesus Christp. 272
Teachings Attributed to Jesusp. 275
Paulp. 279
Early Christianityp. 281
Christianity in the Middle Agesp. 288
Christianity in Modern Timesp. 293
The Biblep. 298
Christian Teachingsp. 300
Christian Observancesp. 303
Study Questionsp. 307
Suggested Readingp. 308
Notesp. 309
15 Islamp. 310
Understanding Islamp. 310
Muhammad, Messenger of Godp. 311
Islamic Empiresp. 315
Islam in Modern Timesp. 322
Islamic Groupsp. 325
The Qur'anp. 327
Islamic Law and Jurisprudencep. 330
Articles of Faithp. 333
The Pillars of Islamp. 336
Holy War (Jihad)p. 339
Islamic Observancesp. 340
Study Questionsp. 341
Suggested Readingp. 342
16 Sikhismp. 344
Guru Nanakp. 345
The Development of Sikhismp. 347
Sikh Sacred Textp. 349
Sikh Teachingsp. 350
Sikh Groupsp. 352
Sikh Observancesp. 353
Study Questionsp. 355
Suggested Readingp. 355
Notesp. 355
17 African Traditionsp. 356
Historical Overview of Africap. 356
African Traditional Religionsp. 362
Basic Common Viewsp. 366
Religious Activitiesp. 371
Study Questionsp. 375
Suggested Readingp. 376
Notep. 377
18 American Indian Traditionsp. 378
Ancient Civilizationsp. 378
Modem American Indiansp. 386
Basic Common Viewsp. 387
Ceremonialsp. 393
Study Questionsp. 396
Suggested Readingp. 397
Notesp. 398
19 Baha'ip. 399
The Origin and Development of Baha'ip. 399
Sacred Writingsp. 403
Baha'i Teachingsp. 403
Baha'i Observancesp. 407
Study Questionsp. 409
Suggested Readingp. 410
Notesp. 410
20 Religions: A Comparisonp. 411
Unity or Diversityp. 413
Comparison of Pathsp. 414
Comparison of Goalsp. 416
East-West Comparisonp. 417
Study Questionsp. 419
Suggested Readingp. 419
Notesp. 420
Glossaryp. 423
Indexp. 433