Cover image for The era of Franklin D. Roosevelt 1933-1945 : a brief history with documents.
The era of Franklin D. Roosevelt 1933-1945 : a brief history with documents.
Polenberg, Richard.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Boston, Mass. : Bedford/St. Martin's, 2000.
Physical Description:
xiv, 251 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm.
Attempts to recapture the turbulence of an era when modern America emerged from the Great Depression and World War II, and includes selected documents which offer a way to understand the changes which occurred in America during that era.

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E806 .P65 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

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The era of Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal was a time of depression and despair, economic rebirth and renewal, and mobilization for a war spanning two oceans. Richard Polenberg's introduction to this new volume provides an engaging historical and biographical overview of the period. This is followed by over 45 topically arranged primary sources that provide readers with a rich context in which to understand FDR's multi-faceted role as President, reformer, policymaker, and Commander-in-Chief.

Author Notes

Richard D. Polenberg is Goldwin Smith Professor of American History at Cornell University, where he has received the Clark Distinguished Teaching Award. He has been a Fulbright Visiting Professor at Hebrew University in Jerusalem.

Table of Contents

Franklin D. RooseveltFranklin D. RooseveltFranklin D. RooseveltFranklin D. RooseveltFranklin D. RooseveltFranklin D. RooseveltRobert F. WagnerFrances PerkinsJohn SteinbeckHarry HopkinsHallie FlanaganEleanor RooseveltMolly DewsonEleanor RooseveltHerbert HooverFather Charles E. CoughlinHuey P. LongSelden Menefee and Orin C. CassmoreW.E.B. Du Bois and Walter WhiteA. Philip RandolphJohn CollierJ. C. MorganOwen Roberts and Harlan Fiske StoneRobert M. La Follette Jr.Herbert H. LehmanCharles Evans Hughes and George SutherlandBenjamin N. CardozoPacker AircraftHugo Black and Frank MurphyPearl S. Buck and A. Leonard AllenRobert Jackson and Felix FrankfurterRandolph PaulJohn W. Pehle and John J. McCloyEleanor RooseveltFranklin D. Roosevelt
Forewordp. v
Prefacep. vii
Part 1 Introduction: Franklin D. Roosevelt and American Liberalismp. 1
FDR: The Paradoxp. 1
Hyde Park to Washingtonp. 3
The New Deal, 1933-1936p. 8
The Waning of Reform, 1937-1940p. 16
Liberals at War, 1941-1945p. 24
FDR: The Legacyp. 33
Part 2 The Documentsp. 37
1. FDR as Presidentp. 39
First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1933p. 39
First Press Conference, March 8, 1933p. 44
Annual Message to the Congress, January 4, 1935p. 47
Campaign Address at Madison Square Garden, October 31, 1936p. 53
Fireside Chat on Reorganization of the Judiciary, March 9, 1937p. 58
Speeches on Conservation and the Environment, 1936-1937p. 64
2. The New Dealp. 68
The National Labor Relations Act, February 21, 1935p. 68
The Social Security Act, September 2, 1935p. 72
The Crisis in Agriculture, September 12, 1936p. 77
Federal Relief, September 19, 1936p. 83
The Federal Theatre Project, May 11, 1938p. 89
3. Eleanor Roosevelt and American Womenp. 93
Women in the Labor Force, June 16, 1938p. 93
Women and the New Deal, April 8, 1936p. 99
Women in Politics, March-April 1940p. 103
4. Documenting the Depression: The Photographs of Dorothea Langep. 108
Plantation Overseer and His Field Hands, Mississippi Delta, 1936p. 109
Migrant Mother, Nipomo, California, 1936p. 110
Mexican Migratory Field Worker's Home on the Edge of a Frozen Pea Field, Imperial Valley, California, 1937p. 111
Small Independent Gas Station during Cotton Strike, Kern City, California, November 1938p. 112
5. Right and Left Facep. 114
The Challenge to Liberty, 1934p. 114
The New Deal vs. Democracy, July 15, 1936p. 117
The EPIC Plan, 1934p. 120
The National Union for Social Justice, November 11, 1934p. 122
Share Our Wealth, May 23, 1935p. 126
6. Race, Ethnicity, and Reformp. 133
Songs of the Mexican Migration: Deported [Deportados], 1933p. 133
The Pecan Shellers of San Antonio, 1940p. 136
The NAACP and Segregation, January-February 1934p. 142
The March on Washington, November 1942p. 147
A New Deal for American Indians, 1938p. 151
The Voice of a Navajo Indian, April 10, 1934p. 156
7. The Constitutional Revolutionp. 161
United States v. Butler, January 6, 1936p. 161
Unpacking the Court, February 13, 1937p. 169
A Greatly Dangerous Precedent, July 19, 1937p. 173
West Coast Hotel v. Parrish, March 29, 1937p. 175
Helvering v. Davis, May 24, 1937p. 180
8. Morale in Wartime: A Portfolio of Propaganda Postersp. 184
United We Win, 1943p. 185
Do the Job HE Left Behind, 1943[?]p. 186
Lookout Monks! Here's Your Plane Warning! 1942p. 188
Buy Victory Bonds, 1945p. 189
9. The "Good War"?p. 191
Instructions to All Persons of Japanese Ancestry, April 30, 1942p. 191
Footprints: Poetry of the American Relocation Camp Experience, ca. 1942-1944p. 194
Korematsu v. United States, December 18, 1944p. 197
Debate about the Repeal of the Chinese Exclusion Acts, May 20, 1943p. 204
West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette, June 14, 1943p. 211
Report to the Secretary [of the Treasury] on the Acquiescence of This Government in the Murder of the Jews, January 13, 1944p. 219
Debate about the Bombing of Auschwitz, July-November 1944p. 221
Race, Religion, and Prejudice, May 11, 1942p. 224
An Economic Bill of Rights, January 11, 1944p. 226
Chronology of Events during the Era of Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933-1945)p. 229
Questions for Considerationp. 233
Selected Bibliographyp. 235
Indexp. 245