Cover image for Child labor : a world history companion
Title:
Child labor : a world history companion
Author:
Hobbs, Sandy.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO, [1999]

©1999
Physical Description:
xx, 292 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780874369564
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Consult this handy reference work when you need accurate, up to date information on subjects ranging from the effects of work on children's education to the use of child labor in Eastern Europe.

âeuro;¢ A-Z entries are also arranged by category

âeuro;¢ Numerous citations of contemporary books and studies


Author Notes

James McKechnie is senior lecturer and expert in psychology at the University of Paisley, Paisley, Scotland.

Sandy Hobbs is senior lecturer in psychology at the University of Paisley, Paisley, Scotland.


Reviews 2

Booklist Review

Mention the Anthracite Coal Strike, the Burston School Strike, the Lawrence Mill Workers' Strike, the Paterson 10-Hour Mill Strikes, and the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire, and child labor may come to mind. Adopting a broad approach, this handy A^-Z companion includes much useful information on the topic of labor. The authors have clearly defined their scope. A fairly broad definition of a child is used; people who also might be described as adolescents or young people, as well as younger children, are included. Labor is broadly interpreted. In terms of time, the authors note that it is with the beginnings of the Industrial Revolution that child labor became a matter of public debate. For this reason, there are few references in the book to events before the eighteenth century. Readers will also notice a certain imbalance in the treatment of different countries. The authors have covered the histories of two countries, the U.S. and Great Britain, in great detail. Outside of the U.K. and the U.S., they have been selective in coverage. This relatively slim volume is jam-packed. There is information on the jobs children do and the industries they work in, including, for example, carpet manufacture, domestic service, the garment industry, harvesting, modeling, and prostitution. Readers will also find entries for child workers and former child workers, including Charles Dickens, Dundee Factory Boy (hero of a book published in 1850), and Iqbal Masih, the boy who helped raise awareness of abuses in the Pakistani carpet industry before he was murdered in 1996. Here too is information on problems associated with children working, such as accidents, alcohol and drugs, and runaways, as well as strategies for addressing problems, such as advocacy and children's rights. Economic and technological concerns are covered in Capitalism, Globalization, Wages, and World Bank, among other entries. Child labor organizations and individuals concerned with child workers are here too, in entries for the Bonded Labour Liberation Front, the National Movement of Street Children, Grace Abbott, Jane Addams, and Mother Jones, to name a few. Added value is provided by an appendix that lists Web sites, a glossary, a list of acronyms, a chronology, a bibliography; and an index. This volume fills a gap and will be appreciated by reference librarians in academic, public, and high-school libraries. Readers looking for scholarly treatment of the issues can use the bibliography as a starting point for further research.


Choice Review

Child labor has become a hot topic in recent years, as evidenced by the uproar over clothing made by child workers, activism on US college and university campuses, and protests against the recent World Trade Organization meeting in Seattle. The compilers have brought together historical and current information in a convenient format. The alphabetical entries range in length from a paragraph to two pages; most include suggestions for further reading and see also references. There is a separate list of entries by category, including types of work and industries, persons who have worked as children or on behalf of child laborers, geographical problems associated with child labor, economic and technological context, attempts to understand children working, child labor strategies, organizations concerned with child workers, attempts to control child labor, specific incidents, and organizations of child workers. The appendix includes a list of Web sites, a glossary, a 14-page bibliography with entries through 1999, and a chronology of major events since 1724. More than 50 black-and-white photographs accompany the text. Recommended for undergraduates beginning research on child labor. P. A. Frisch; Washington and Jefferson College


Table of Contents

Entries by Categoryp. ix
Prefacep. xiii
Introductionp. xv
Abbott, Gracep. 1
Accidentsp. 1
Addams, Janep. 2
Adler, Felixp. 2
Adolescencep. 3
Advocacyp. 4
Africap. 4
Agriculturep. 5
Alcohol and Drugsp. 7
Algeriap. 7
America, Centralp. 9
America, Latinp. 9
America, Southp. 9
American Academy of Political and Social Sciencep. 10
American Federation of Laborp. 10
Anthracite Coal Strikep. 10
Anthropologyp. 11
Anti-Slavery Internationalp. 11
Apparel Industry Task Forcep. 12
Apprenticeshipp. 12
Argentinap. 13
Asiap. 13
Bal Mazdoor Unionp. 15
Bangladeshp. 15
Belgiump. 16
Beveridge, Albert J.p. 17
Bhima Sanghap. 19
Blincoe, Robertp. 19
Bonded Labour Liberation Frontp. 19
Boy Slavesp. 19
Boy Soldiersp. 20
Brazilp. 21
Bruce, Rev. Charles Langp. 23
Burkina Fasop. 23
Burston School Strikep. 23
Business Ethicp. 24
Camel Jockeysp. 25
Cameroonp. 26
Canadap. 27
Capitalismp. 27
Careerp. 29
Caribbeanp. 29
Carpet Manufacturep. 30
Causes of Child Laborp. 31
Centuries of Childhoodp. 31
Child Marketsp. 32
Child Migrants Trustp. 33
Child Slavesp. 34
Child Workers in Nepalp. 34
Children's Bureaup. 35
Children's Rightsp. 37
Chilep. 39
Chimney Sweepingp. 39
Chinap. 40
Cinemap. 41
Coal Breakersp. 43
Colombiap. 44
Concerned for Working Children, Thep. 46
Confederacao Nacional de Accao sobre Trabalho Infantilp. 46
Construction Industryp. 47
Consumerismp. 47
Convention on the Rights of the Childp. 49
Costs and Benefitsp. 50
Cultural Traditionsp. 51
Defence for Children Internationalp. 55
Definition of Child Laborp. 55
Defoe, Danielp. 57
Delinquencyp. 58
Delivery, Milkp. 59
Delivery, Newspaperp. 60
Denmarkp. 60
Dickens, Charlesp. 61
Dinwiddie, Courtenayp. 62
Division of Laborp. 62
Domestic Servicep. 63
Drawboysp. 65
Dundee Factory Boyp. 65
Education, Universalp. 69
Educational Achievementp. 70
Egyptp. 72
Elimination of Child Laborp. 72
Engels, Friedrichp. 74
Entertainment Industryp. 76
Ergonomicsp. 76
Ethnicityp. 77
Europep. 78
Europe, Council ofp. 79
Europe, Easternp. 81
European Unionp. 81
Exploitationp. 83
Factory Actsp. 85
Factory Inspectorsp. 86
Fair Labor Standards Actp. 87
Fair Tradep. 88
Family Relationsp. 88
Family Wagep. 89
Feminismp. 91
Fishingp. 92
Folks, Homerp. 94
Francep. 94
Garment Industryp. 97
Gender Differencesp. 98
Gender Stereotypesp. 101
General Federation of Women's Clubsp. 102
Germanyp. 102
Glass-Making Industryp. 103
Global March against Child Laborp. 103
Globalizationp. 105
Gompers, Samuelp. 106
Great Depression, Thep. 106
Greecep. 107
Greenberger, Ellenp. 108
Guatemalap. 108
Half-time Workingp. 111
Hammond, J. L., and Hammond, Barbarap. 111
Harkin Billp. 112
Harvestingp. 112
Healthp. 113
Herdingp. 114
Hine, Lewis Wickesp. 114
History of Childhoodp. 115
Hotel and Catering Industryp. 116
Household Laborp. 118
Immigrant Childrenp. 121
Indiap. 122
Indonesiap. 123
Industrial Revolutionp. 125
Industrial Society Thesisp. 126
Industrial Workers of the Worldp. 127
International Confederation of Free Trade Unionsp. 128
International Financial Institutionsp. 129
International Labour Organisationp. 130
International Meeting of Working Childrenp. 131
International Monetary Fundp. 132
International Working Group on Child Labourp. 133
International Year of the Childp. 133
Italyp. 134
Japanp. 135
Jordanp. 135
Keating-Owen Billp. 137
Kenyap. 137
Kielburger, Craigp. 138
Knights of Labor, The Order ofp. 138
Labor Codes and Policy of the U.S.S.R.p. 139
Lawrence Mill Workers' Strikep. 140
Legislationp. 141
Legislation, Internationalp. 142
Leisurep. 143
Liberationismp. 143
Lindsay, Samuel McCunep. 144
Livingstone, Davidp. 145
Lovejoy, Owen R.p. 145
Low Pay Networkp. 146
Malawip. 149
Malaysiap. 150
Maltap. 150
Malthusianismp. 151
Market Economicsp. 151
Marxismp. 152
Masih, Iqbalp. 153
McKelway, Alexander J.p. 154
Meknesp. 156
Mexicop. 156
Middle Eastp. 158
Migrant Workersp. 158
Miningp. 160
Modelingp. 162
Moroccop. 163
Mother Jonesp. 163
Movement of Working Children and Adolescents from Working-Class Christian Familiesp. 164
Multinational Companiesp. 164
Murphy, Edgar G.p. 165
Myanmarp. 165
Nardinelli Thesis, Thep. 167
National Child Labor Committeep. 168
National Committee for the Rights of the Childp. 169
National Consumers Leaguep. 170
National Movement of Street Childrenp. 171
Navyp. 171
NCH-Action for Childrenp. 171
Nepalp. 172
Netherlandsp. 173
New England Association of Farmers, Mechanics, and Other Working Menp. 174
New Zealandp. 174
Newsiesp. 174
Nicaraguap. 176
Nigeriap. 176
Nongovernmental Organizationsp. 177
Oastler, Richardp. 179
Operation Child Watchp. 180
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Developmentp. 180
Organizations of Working Childrenp. 180
Outworkp. 182
Owen, Robertp. 182
Pakistanp. 183
Palmer-Owen Billp. 184
Parentsp. 184
Parliamentary Committees and Commissionsp. 186
Paterson 10-Hour Mill Strikesp. 186
Pauper Apprenticesp. 187
Permanent Conference for the Abolition of Child Labop. 188
Perup. 188
Philippinesp. 189
Pinchbeck, Ivyp. 190
Pornographyp. 191
Portugalp. 191
Post-Fordismp. 192
Povertyp. 193
Prisonp. 194
Product Labelingp. 194
Pro-employment Argumentsp. 195
Projectsp. 196
Prostitutionp. 197
Protectionismp. 198
Proto-industrializationp. 200
Psychology, Developmentalp. 200
Religionp. 203
Retail Tradep. 203
Rights Discoursep. 203
Romaniap. 205
Rugmarkp. 205
Runawaysp. 205
Russiap. 206
Saturday Evening Postp. 207
Save the Children Fundp. 207
Scandinaviap. 208
Scavengingp. 208
Self-employmentp. 208
Service Sectorp. 210
Shaftesbury, Lordp. 210
Social Classp. 211
Social Construction of Childhoodp. 212
Socializationp. 214
Somaliap. 215
South Africap. 216
Spainp. 216
Sportsp. 217
Stabilization and Structural Adjustment Programsp. 218
Steinberg, Laurencep. 219
Stop Child Labourp. 220
Street Childrenp. 220
Sweated Laborp. 222
Tanzaniap. 225
Thailandp. 225
Thompson, E. P.p. 227
Tourismp. 227
Trade Unionsp. 228
Traditional Societiesp. 229
Trainingp. 229
Transition Debatep. 230
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Firep. 232
Turkeyp. 232
Unfree Laborp. 235
United Arab Emiratesp. 236
United Kingdomp. 236
United Nations International Children's Emergency Fundp. 238
United States of Americap. 238
van Houten, Samuelp. 241
Vietnamp. 241
Voices of Childrenp. 242
Wagesp. 245
Water Babies, Thep. 246
Welfare, Childp. 246
Work Ethicp. 247
Work Valuesp. 247
Workhousesp. 248
World Bankp. 250
Young Caregiversp. 253
Zetkin, Clara Eissnerp. 255
Zimand, Gertrude Folksp. 255
Zimbabwep. 255
Appendix Web Sitesp. 257
Glossaryp. 259
Acronymsp. 265
Chronologyp. 267
Bibliographyp. 273
Indexp. 285
About the Authorsp. 293