Cover image for Affirmative action : a reference handbook
Affirmative action : a reference handbook
Eisaguirre, Lynne, 1951-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO, [1999]

Physical Description:
xii, 222 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
Introduction -- Chronology -- Biographical sketches -- Facts and statistics -- Directory of organizations -- Selected print and nonprint resources.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
HF5549.5.A34 E39 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

On Order



This award winning handbook presents the views of both advocates and critics of the argument that government policies can establish gender and racial equality.

* Provides important statistics collected by the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission and the U.S. Department of Education

Author Notes

Lynne Eisaguirre is an attorney, author, and entrepreneur who specializes in helping organizations solve employee relations problems.

Reviews 2

Booklist Review

Background and a variety of source material; part of the Contemporary World Issues series.

Choice Review

Eisaguirre, a lawyer, presents a brief overview of the history of affirmative action from the first executive order to current case law. What distinguishes this handbook from others is its evenhanded treatment of the topic. The author successfully presents both anti- and pro-affirmative action perspectives. The volume begins with an introduction to affirmative action, which includes multiple definitions of the subject, then moves to a chronology of important events and biographical sketches of affirmative action notables. Next comes an invaluable overview of factual evidence and statistical analyses of affirmative action programs. Since perspectives supportive and critical of such programs are presented, readers are left to draw their own conclusions about the success or failure of these endeavors. Unlike many works on this topic, Eisaguirre is careful to include information not only on Hispanic, African American, and female subgroups but also on Asian American/Native Pacific Islanders and American Indians. The handbook ends with a comprehensive listing of organizations and print and nonprint resources that pertain to affirmative action. Recommended for lower and upper-division undergraduates, graduate students, researchers/faculty, and professionals. K. J. Powers; Willamette University

Table of Contents

How to Read Case and Statute Citationsp. xi
1 Introductionp. 1
What Is Affirmative Action?p. 3
A Historical Perspective: The Roots of Affirmative Actionp. 4
The Civil Rights Movementp. 6
Executive Orders: Contracting and Employmentp. 8
Fair Employment: Enforcement of Title VIIp. 10
Affirmative Action in Educationp. 13
The 1980s: Backlash against Affirmative Actionp. 14
The 1990s: A New Act, a New President, and New Casesp. 16
Do We Still Have Prejudice and Discrimination?p. 19
Are There Other Remedies?p. 22
Does Affirmative Action Harm Its Intended Beneficiaries?p. 23
Conclusionp. 25
Referencesp. 26
2 Chronologyp. 27
Pre-Twentieth Centuryp. 27
Twentieth Centuryp. 28
3 Biographical Sketchesp. 37
4 Facts and Statisticsp. 77
Overview of the Laws on Affirmative Actionp. 78
Legal Justifications for and against Affirmative Actionp. 78
Classifications of Affirmative Action Cases in Employmentp. 79
Affirmative Action: Equal Protection of Review in Employment, Education, and Contracting Casesp. 80
Affirmative Action under Title VIIp. 83
Affirmative Action Circuit Court Casesp. 85
Statutes and Policies to End Affirmative Actionp. 86
Some Historical Perspectivep. 86
Statistics and Studies about Equal Employment Opportunityp. 88
Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programsp. 90
Evidence of Discrimination in Contractingp. 93
Statistics and Studies about Equal Education Opportunityp. 93
Admissions, Graduation, and Attrition Rates and Measures of Performancep. 94
College and Beyond Study (C and B)p. 101
Legacy and Donor Programsp. 103
Minority-Targeted Scholarshipsp. 106
Additional Surveys and Studies Relating to Discrimination and Affirmative Actionp. 106
Housing Discrimination Studyp. 107
College Students Look at Affirmative Action in the Workplacep. 108
Class-Based Affirmative Actionp. 111
Discrimination in the Militaryp. 112
Discrimination in the Marketplacep. 112
Cost of Urban Rebellionp. 112
The Federal Glass Ceiling Commission Fact-Finding Report of 1995p. 113
Surveys and Studies on Racismp. 118
Evidence of Continuing Discrimination against Particular Groupsp. 119
Womenp. 119
Women of Colorp. 122
African Americansp. 123
Hispanic Americansp. 124
Asian Americans/Native Pacific Islandersp. 126
American Indiansp. 127
Referencesp. 128
5 Directory of Organizationsp. 133
6 Selected Print Resourcesp. 165
Anthologiesp. 165
Bibliographiesp. 166
Books, Monographs, and Selected Articles and Reportsp. 167
7 Selected Nonprint Resourcesp. 185
Films and Videosp. 185
Internet Resourcesp. 204
Glossaryp. 209
Indexp. 211
About the Authorp. 223