Cover image for The Middle East : opposing viewpoints
Title:
The Middle East : opposing viewpoints
Author:
Williams, Mary E., 1960-
Publication Information:
San Diego : Greenhaven Press, [2000]

©2000
Physical Description:
224 pages : illustrations, maps ; 23 cm.
Language:
English
Contents:
Why is the Middle East a conflict area? -- How does religion affect the Middle East? -- What role should the U.S. play in the Middle East? -- How could peace be advanced in the Middle East?
ISBN:
9780737701326

9780737701333
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Reprints of 1995-98 journal and newspaper articles and a Clinton speech present 29 views on why the Middle East is a conflict area, how religion fuels the conflicts, what role the US should play, and ideas for advancing peace. Includes political cartoons, discussion questions, a chronology of events since 1897, and organizations to contact. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)


Reviews 4

Booklist Review

Gr. 9^-12. Whether the issue is human rights in Africa or religion in the Middle East, these two collections in the Opposing Viewpoints series draw together articles by contemporary journalists, politicians, and observers from many sides. The history itself is subject to debate, though the main focus here is on what's happening now and what to do about it. The arguments are intense; only those with no commitment will find it easy to be open-minded. In addition to human rights issues, Africa also looks at some strategies for economic development (including the controversial role of the World Bank), how wildlife should be managed, and what policies can best foster peace. Middle East debates the causes of conflict in the area, the role of religion, how to advance peace, and what role the U.S. should play (e.g., President Clinton justifies military strikes on Iraq; Bob Herbert argues against strikes). There are lists of organizations to contact and bibliographies of books and periodicals. --Hazel Rochman


School Library Journal Review

Gr 9 Up-This title examines the major issues as presented by spokespersons from the governments of the countries involved, journalists, college professors, clergy, and policy analysts. Issues presented examine why the conflict exists, how religion affects the Middle East, what role the U.S. should play there, and how peace could be achieved. The issues are presented through edited texts of speeches, magazine and newspaper articles, and essays. Each section includes a bibliography of additional periodical articles. Most of the sources appear to be from the United States and Great Britain, giving a western slant to the viewpoints. A section of organizations to contact includes only those in the U.S. The book is illustrated with several black-and-white political cartoons and maps of the area.-Elizabeth Stumpf, Clearfield Middle School, PA (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Booklist Review

Gr. 9^-12. Whether the issue is human rights in Africa or religion in the Middle East, these two collections in the Opposing Viewpoints series draw together articles by contemporary journalists, politicians, and observers from many sides. The history itself is subject to debate, though the main focus here is on what's happening now and what to do about it. The arguments are intense; only those with no commitment will find it easy to be open-minded. In addition to human rights issues, Africa also looks at some strategies for economic development (including the controversial role of the World Bank), how wildlife should be managed, and what policies can best foster peace. Middle East debates the causes of conflict in the area, the role of religion, how to advance peace, and what role the U.S. should play (e.g., President Clinton justifies military strikes on Iraq; Bob Herbert argues against strikes). There are lists of organizations to contact and bibliographies of books and periodicals. --Hazel Rochman


School Library Journal Review

Gr 9 Up-This title examines the major issues as presented by spokespersons from the governments of the countries involved, journalists, college professors, clergy, and policy analysts. Issues presented examine why the conflict exists, how religion affects the Middle East, what role the U.S. should play there, and how peace could be achieved. The issues are presented through edited texts of speeches, magazine and newspaper articles, and essays. Each section includes a bibliography of additional periodical articles. Most of the sources appear to be from the United States and Great Britain, giving a western slant to the viewpoints. A section of organizations to contact includes only those in the U.S. The book is illustrated with several black-and-white political cartoons and maps of the area.-Elizabeth Stumpf, Clearfield Middle School, PA (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Table of Contents

Lawrence G. PotterF. Gregory Gause IIIHazim SaghieyehRachelle MarshallMortimer B. ZuckermanEhud Ya'ariAdel DarwishAhmed S. HashimMartin KramerMuhammad M. El-HodaibyUri RegevTom BethellAbraham CooperAhmad Yusuf and Middle East QuarterlyDonna M. HughesScott MacLeod and Lindsey HilsumRobert H. PelletreauStephen HubbellBill ClintonBob HerbertSandra MackeyJames PhillipsRick McDowellMadeleine K. AlbrightRami G. KhouriJeff JacobyStanley K. SheinbaumShimon PeresBen BarberLawrence G. PotterF. Gregory Gause IIIHazim SaghieyehRachelle MarshallMortimer B. ZuckermanEhud Ya'ariAdel DarwishAhmed S. HashimMartin KramerMuhammad M. El-HodaibyUri RegevTom BethellAbraham CooperAhmad Yusuf and Middle East QuarterlyDonna M. HughesScott MacLeod and Lindsey HilsumRobert H. PelletreauStephen HubbellBill ClintonBob HerbertSandra MackeyJames PhillipsRick McDowellMadeleine K. AlbrightRami G. KhouriJeff JacobyStanley K. SheinbaumShimon PeresBen Barber
Why Consider Opposing Viewpoints?p. 9
Introductionp. 12
Chapter 1 Why Is the Middle East a Conflict Area?
Chapter Prefacep. 16
1. Oil Profits Have Created Conflictp. 17
2. Political Discontent Causes Conflictp. 25
3. Ethnic and Religious Hostilities Cause Conflictp. 34
4. Right-Wing Israeli Extremism Promotes Conflictp. 43
5. Palestinian Terrorism Intensifies Conflictp. 49
6. Tyrannical Aggression Causes Conflictp. 54
7. Scarce Water Could Cause Conflictp. 58
8. The Potential for Nuclear Proliferation Creates Tensionp. 63
Periodical Bibliographyp. 73
Chapter 2 How Does Religion Affect the Middle East?
Chapter Prefacep. 75
1. Islamic Fundamentalism Fosters Violencep. 76
2. Islamic Fundamentalism Does Not Foster Violencep. 86
3. Orthodox Judaism Is a Threat to Israelp. 96
4. Secular Extremism Is a Threat to Israelp. 103
5. Muslim Leaders Promote Terrorism Against Israelp. 109
6. Israel Promotes Terrorism Against Muslimsp. 112
7. Islamic Fundamentalism Suppresses Iranian Womenp. 116
8. Iranian Women Are Challenging Islamic Fundamentalismp. 123
Periodical Bibliographyp. 129
Chapter 3 What Role Should the U.S. Play in the Middle East?
Chapter Prefacep. 131
1. The U.S. Should Maintain an Active Role in the Middle Eastp. 132
2. U.S. Intervention Does Not Benefit the Middle Eastp. 142
3. U.S. Military Strikes on Iraq Are Justifiedp. 150
4. U.S. Military Strikes on Iraq Are Not Justifiedp. 156
5. The U.S. Should Pursue a More Open Relationship with Iranp. 160
6. The U.S. Should Not Pursue a More Open Relationship with Iranp. 164
Periodical Bibliographyp. 169
Chapter 4 How Could Peace Be Advanced in the Middle East?
Chapter Prefacep. 171
1. UN Sanctions Against Iraq Should Be Liftedp. 172
2. UN Sanctions Against Iraq Should Continuep. 176
3. Arab-Israeli Negotiations Will Foster Peacep. 180
4. Arab-Israeli Negotiations Will Not Foster Peacep. 184
5. Jewish Unity Would Foster Peacep. 188
6. The Establishment of a Palestinian State Would Foster Peacep. 192
7. Education and Cultural Exchange Would Foster Peacep. 196
Periodical Bibliographyp. 202
For Further Discussionp. 203
Chronology of Eventsp. 205
Organizations to Contactp. 213
Bibliography of Booksp. 216
Indexp. 218
Why Consider Opposing Viewpoints?p. 9
Introductionp. 12
Chapter 1 Why Is the Middle East a Conflict Area?
Chapter Prefacep. 16
1. Oil Profits Have Created Conflictp. 17
2. Political Discontent Causes Conflictp. 25
3. Ethnic and Religious Hostilities Cause Conflictp. 34
4. Right-Wing Israeli Extremism Promotes Conflictp. 43
5. Palestinian Terrorism Intensifies Conflictp. 49
6. Tyrannical Aggression Causes Conflictp. 54
7. Scarce Water Could Cause Conflictp. 58
8. The Potential for Nuclear Proliferation Creates Tensionp. 63
Periodical Bibliographyp. 73
Chapter 2 How Does Religion Affect the Middle East?
Chapter Prefacep. 75
1. Islamic Fundamentalism Fosters Violencep. 76
2. Islamic Fundamentalism Does Not Foster Violencep. 86
3. Orthodox Judaism Is a Threat to Israelp. 96
4. Secular Extremism Is a Threat to Israelp. 103
5. Muslim Leaders Promote Terrorism Against Israelp. 109
6. Israel Promotes Terrorism Against Muslimsp. 112
7. Islamic Fundamentalism Suppresses Iranian Womenp. 116
8. Iranian Women Are Challenging Islamic Fundamentalismp. 123
Periodical Bibliographyp. 129
Chapter 3 What Role Should the U.S. Play in the Middle East?
Chapter Prefacep. 131
1. The U.S. Should Maintain an Active Role in the Middle Eastp. 132
2. U.S. Intervention Does Not Benefit the Middle Eastp. 142
3. U.S. Military Strikes on Iraq Are Justifiedp. 150
4. U.S. Military Strikes on Iraq Are Not Justifiedp. 156
5. The U.S. Should Pursue a More Open Relationship with Iranp. 160
6. The U.S. Should Not Pursue a More Open Relationship with Iranp. 164
Periodical Bibliographyp. 169
Chapter 4 How Could Peace Be Advanced in the Middle East?
Chapter Prefacep. 171
1. UN Sanctions Against Iraq Should Be Liftedp. 172
2. UN Sanctions Against Iraq Should Continuep. 176
3. Arab-Israeli Negotiations Will Foster Peacep. 180
4. Arab-Israeli Negotiations Will Not Foster Peacep. 184
5. Jewish Unity Would Foster Peacep. 188
6. The Establishment of a Palestinian State Would Foster Peacep. 192
7. Education and Cultural Exchange Would Foster Peacep. 196
Periodical Bibliographyp. 202
For Further Discussionp. 203
Chronology of Eventsp. 205
Organizations to Contactp. 213
Bibliography of Booksp. 216
Indexp. 218