Cover image for Primate anatomy : an introduction
Primate anatomy : an introduction
Ankel-Simons, Friderun.
Personal Author:
Second edition.
Publication Information:
San Diego, Calif. ; London : Academic, [2000]

Physical Description:
xix, 506 pages : illustrations, map ; 23 cm
General Note:
Previous ed.: 1983.
Subject Term:
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
QL737.P9 A65 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

On Order



Primates include a wide variety of mammals from the relatively ancient lineages of lemurs on Madagascar and tiny tarsiers of Southeast Asia to the gorillas of montane Africa. Of course, humankind are also primates - one twig on the primate evolutionary tree. Primate Anatomy: An Introduction, Second Edition is a succinct and readable survey of primatology focusing particularly on the anatomy of primates. Following an introduction, the chapters are organized by organ system. Also included are chapters dealing with reproduction, chromosomes, blood groups, and molecular studies of primate evolution. This book would be ideal for an introductory course in primatology and should appeal to both faculty and students who need a brief treatment of the essentials of primatology.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

Ankel-Simons offers a brief survey of most aspects of primate biology, including skeleton, brain and sensory system, reproductive and digestive systems, chromosomes, blood, and basic genetics. It is a bit more complete than Daris Swindler's Introduction to the Primates (CH, Jan'99) but less detailed than R.D. Martin's Primate Origins and Evolution (CH, Oct'90) or Wilfred E. Le Gros Clark's now out of print The Antecedents of Man (1963), which it seeks to replace. The introductory sections on taxonomy and living primates are rather less successful. Overall, J. Fleagle's Primate Adaptation and Evolution (2nd ed., CH, Mar'99) provides almost everything that Ankel-Simons does, plus a wide range of behavioral and paleontological information, and Fleagle's work is highly recommended for most readers. Ankel-Simons's volume is suitable for upper-division undergraduates. ; CUNY Herbert H. Lehman College

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Taxonomic List of Extant Primates New Developments List of Extant Primates
Chapter 2 Notes about Taxonomy
Population Biology and Classification
Traditional or Evolutionary Classification Numerical and Phenetic Classification
Cladistic Terminology
Misunderstandings in Primate Classification
The Tarsier Conundrum
Chapter 3 A History and Objectives of Primatology
The State of Affairs
Primatology a Branch of Biology
The Future of Primatology
Retrospection and Prediction
Definition of Order Primates
Chapter 4 Survey of Living Primates Survey of Living Tupaias and Prosimii
Survey of Living Anthropoidea
New World Monkeys
Old World Monkeys
Chapter 5 Skull Skull development and two Kinds of Bones Orbital Region
Nasal Region
Skull Base and Brain Case
Ear Region
The Sinuses
Comparative Skull Morphology
Chapter 6 Brain
Brain Morphology
New Insights Into Brain Function
Chapter 7 Teeth
Tooth Morphology and Diet; can they Reliably be Correlated?
Tooth Structure
Dental Formulae
Dental Typology
Functional and Morphological Variation Chewing Mechanics
Dental Formulae and Morphology
What is New in Tooth Research?
Chapter 8 Postcranial Skeleton
Spine and Thorax
Shoulder Girdle
Pelvic Girdle
Hands and Feet
Fifth Extremity
New Technology Applied to the Study of Primate Locomotion
Chapter 9 Sense Organs and Viscera
Nose and Olfaction
Outer Nose and Rhinarium
Nose Based Taxonomy
The Olfactory Epithelium
The Genetic Connection of Olfaction
The Vomeronasal Organ
The Genetic Connection of Pheromone Perception
The Septal Organ of Masera
Olfactory Messages
Oral Cavity, Tongue and Taste The Palate
The Tongue
The Sublingua
The Neural Connection
The Genetic Connection
Auditory Region, Hearing and Vocalization
Outer Ear
Inner Ear
Vocalization and Larynx
Eye and Eyesight The Substructures of the Eyeball
The Substructures of the Retina
Macula Lutea and Fovea Centralis
The Tapetum Lucidum
The Genetic Connection: Opsins and Genes The Neural Connection
Recent Research and Review of Visual Adaptations Diarhythms and Biochronology
Nutrition and Intestinal Tract
Review of the Primate Diet
Eating Soils and other unexpected Fare Morphology of the Intestinal Tract
The Stomach
The Small Intestine
The Large Intestine
Liver and Spleen
The Sensitive Skin
The Genetic Connection
Chapter 10 Placentation and Early Development
Chapter 11 Reproductive Organs, Reproduction and Grooup
Chapter 12 Chromosomes and Bloodgroups
Chapter 13 Molecular Primatology
Molecular Clocks Mitochondrial DNA
Problems of Phylogenetic Analysis using Molecular Data
Chapter 14 Primate Genomics
Transposable Elements and Numts
Chapter 15 Conclusion nd a Glance at the Future