Cover image for Forest ecosystems : analysis at multiple scales
Forest ecosystems : analysis at multiple scales
Waring, Richard H.
Personal Author:
Second edition.
Publication Information:
San Diego : Academic Press, [1998]

Physical Description:
xiv, 370 pages, 18 pages of plates : illustrations, color maps ; 26 cm + 1 computer laser optical disc (4 3/4 in.)
Added Author:

Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
QH541.5.F6 W34 1998 TEXT Book and Software Set Non-Fiction Area

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Provides fresh methods of analysis by introducing techniques to explore the changes in climatic cycles, the implications of wide-scale pollution, fire and other ecological disturbances that have a global effect on all life forms. This book covers regional and global scaling issues. It includes a CD-ROM with illustrations and Forest BGC software.

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Human population growth and associated environmental stresses are creating urgent need for a mechanistic understanding of forest function, and development of predictive tools to aid forest management. This work adds critically important information on temporal and spatial scaling through modeling to the watershed first edition by Waring and William H. Schlesinger, Forest Ecosystems: Concepts and Management (CH, May`86). The first section summarizes the underlying processes controlling the cycling of water, carbon, and minerals in individual trees and stands; the second introduces temporal scaling, describing the structural and functional changes to forests as they proceed through stand development, and discusses the use of computer models to project responses forward in time. The third section introduces spatial scaling and spatial/temporal modeling for extrapolating stand level responses to landscapes, regions, and the globe. Model parameterization, ecosystem description, and landscape pattern analysis are discussed, as are horizontal and vertical connections between soil, forest, and atmospheric components of regional biogeochemistry models. The book ends with a treatment of the role of forests in global ecology. A detailed treatment of concepts and tools that will shape forest science for decades to come. Faculty, graduate students, researchers, and forestry professionals. J. King; Michigan Technological University

Table of Contents

Preface to the Third Editionp. xi
Preface to the Second Editionp. xiii
Preface to the First Editionp. xv
Acknowledgmentsp. xvii
1 Forest Ecosystem Analysis at Multiple Time and Space Scales
I Introductionp. 1
II The Scientific Domain of Forest Ecosystem Analysisp. 2
III The Space/Time Domain of Ecosystem Analysisp. 4
IV Time and Space Scaling from the Stand/Seasonal Levelp. 10
V Management Applications of Ecosystem Analysisp. 14
VI Related Textbooksp. 16
VII Web Site for Updated Materialsp. 16
Section I Introduction to Analysis of Seasonal Cycles of Water, Carbon, and Minerals through Forest Stands
2 Water Cycles
I Introductionp. 19
II Heat and Water Vapor Transfer from Vegetationp. 21
III Water Flow through Treesp. 34
IV Water Storage and Losses from Snowp. 46
V Water Flow across and through Soilp. 50
VI Coupled Water Balance Modelsp. 52
VII Summaryp. 57
3 Carbon Cycle
I Introductionp. 59
II Photosynthesisp. 62
III Autotrophic Respirationp. 67
IV Heterotrophic Respirationp. 71
V Modeling Photosynthesis and Respirationp. 76
VI Net Primary Production and Allocationp. 82
VII Comparison of Forest Ecosystem Modelsp. 96
VIII Summaryp. 98
4 Mineral Cycles
I Introductionp. 99
II Plant Processes Affecting Nutrient Cyclingp. 100
III Sources of Nutrientsp. 111
IV Soil and Litter Processesp. 119
V Mass Balance and Models of Mineral Cyclesp. 138
VI Summaryp. 144
Section II Introduction to Temporal Scaling
5 Temporal Changes in Forest Structure and Function
I Introductionp. 149
II Structural Stages in Stand Developmentp. 151
III Functional Responses of Stands at Different Stages in Developmentp. 159
IV Looking Back in Timep. 162
V Ecosystem Models, Projections Forward in Timep. 168
VI Summaryp. 180
6 Susceptibility and Response of Forests to Disturbance
I Introductionp. 183
II Biotic Factorsp. 184
III Abiotic Factorsp. 203
IV Summaryp. 218
Section III Introduction to Spatial Scaling and Spatial/Temporal Modeling
7 Spatial Scaling Methods for Landscape and Regional Ecosystem Analysis
I Introductionp. 225
II Abiotic Site Variablesp. 231
III Providing the Driving Variables, Climatologyp. 236
IV Describing the Ecosystemp. 243
V Spatially Explicit Landscape Pattern Analysisp. 257
VI Data Layer Inconsistenciesp. 259
VII Summaryp. 259
8 Regional and Landscape Ecological Analysis
I Introductionp. 261
II Horizontal Connections: Biotic Analysis of Forest Patternsp. 262
III Vertical Connections: Forest-Atmosphere Interactionsp. 272
IV Vertical and Horizontal Connections: Regional Biogeochemistryp. 274
V Summaryp. 288
9 The Role of Forests in Global Ecology
I Introductionp. 291
II Global Forest Distributionp. 292
III Forest-Climate Interactionsp. 300
IV Forests in the Global Carbon Cyclep. 303
V Forests and Biodiversityp. 310
VI Sustainability of Global Forestsp. 314
VII Summaryp. 315
10 Advances in Eddy-Flux Analyses, Remote Sensing, and Evidence of Climate Change
I Introductionp. 317
II Eddy-Covariance Fluxesp. 318
III New Remote Sensing of Forestsp. 328
IV Climate Change and Forestsp. 339
Epiloguep. 345
Bibliographyp. 347
Indexp. 409