Cover image for Barriers to minority participation in special operations forces
Barriers to minority participation in special operations forces
Harrell, Margaret C.
Publication Information:
Santa Monica, CA : RAND, [1999]

Physical Description:
xxvi, 139 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm.
General Note:
"Prepared for the U.S. Special Operations Command [by the] National Defense Research Institute."
Added Author:
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
UB417 .B37 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Non circulating

On Order



This report assesses minority representation and recruiting in special operations forces (SOF). It examines the extent of underrepresentation of minorities in SOF and the reasons for it and provides recommendations to help improve such underrepresentatio

Table of Contents

Prefacep. iii
Figuresp. ix
Tablesp. xi
Summaryp. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xxi
Acronymsp. xxiii
Chapter 1 Introductionp. 1
Chapter 2 Are Minorities Underrepresented in Sof?p. 7
Chapter 3 Barriers to Minority Participation in the Assessment and Training Processp. 25
Chapter 4 Qualitative Methodologyp. 41
Chapter 5 Perceptions of Sof and a Sof Career as Barriers to Participationp. 47
Chapter 6 Lack of Individual Knowledge and Community Support of Sof as a Barrier to Participationp. 63
Chapter 7 Lack of Identification as a Barrier to Participationp. 69
Chapter 8 Swimming Requirement as a Barrier to Participationp. 75
Chapter 9 Lack of Interest in Sof as a Barrier to Minority Participationp. 77
Chapter 10 Service Efforts to Increase Minority Representation in Sofp. 81
Chapter 11 Conclusions and Recommendationsp. 85
Appendix A Sof: Background and Missionsp. 95
Appendix B Sof Assessment and Trainingp. 101
Appendix C Defining Source Populations for Sofp. 105
Appendix D Comparisons of Sof with Selected Civilian Organizationsp. 111
Appendix E Analysis of Army Sfas Data, Fy94-Fy97p. 113
Appendix F Protocols for Focus Group Discussionsp. 123
Bibliographyp. 129