Cover image for Blood feuds : AIDS, blood, and the politics of medical disaster
Title:
Blood feuds : AIDS, blood, and the politics of medical disaster
Author:
Feldman, Eric A.
Publication Information:
New York : Oxford University Press, 1999.
Physical Description:
xiii, 375 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Language:
English
Contents:
Blood and AIDS in America: science, politics, and the making of an iatrogenic catastrophe / Ronald Bayer -- HIV and blood in Japan: Transforming private conflict into public scandal / Eric A. Feldman -- The nation's blood: medicine, justice, and the state in France / Monia Steffen -- From trust to tragedy: HIV/AIDS and the Canadian blood system / Norbert Gilmore and Margaret A. Somerville -- The never-ending story? The political and legal controversies over HIV and the blood supply in Demark / Erik Albæk -- Blood "scandal" and AIDS in Germany / Sephan Dressler -- Blood, bureaucracy and law: responding to HIV-tainted blood in Italy / Umberto Izzo -- HIV-contaminated blood and Australian policy: the limits of success / John Ballard -- Cultural perspectives on blood / Dorothy Nelkin -- The politics of blood: hemophilia activism in the AIDS crisis / David Kirp -- The circulation of blood: AIDS, blood, and the economics of information / Sherry Glied.
ISBN:
9780195129298

9780195131604
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

In the mid-1980s public health officials in North America, Europe, Japan, and Australia discovered that almost half of the hemophiliac population, as well as tens of thousands of blood transfusion recipients, had been infected with HIV-tainted blood. This book provides a comparativeperspective on the political, legal, and social struggles that emerged in response to the HIV contamination of the industrialized worlds blood supply. It describes how eight nations responded to the first signs that AIDS might be transmitted through blood, and how they falteringly arrived at andfinally implemented measures to secure the blood supply. The authors detail the remarkable saga of the mobilization of hemophiliacs who challenged the state, the medical establishment, and even their own caregivers as they sought recompense and justice. In the end, the blood establishments inalmost every advanced industrial nation were shaken. In Canada, the Red Cross was forced to withdraw from blood collection and distribution. In Japan, pharmaceutical firms that manufactured clotting factor agreed to massive compensation -- $500,000 per hemophiliac infected. In France, bloodofficials went to prison. Even in Denmark, where the number of infected hemophiliacs was relatively small, the struggle and litigation surrounding blood has resulted in the most protracted legal and administrative conflict in modern Danish history. Blood Feuds brings together chapters on theexperiences of the United States, Japan, France, Canada, Germany, Denmark, Italy, and Australia with four comparative essays that shed light on the cultural, institutional, and economic dimensions of the HIV/blood disaster.


Summary

In the mid-1980s public health officials in North America, Europe, Japan, and Australia discovered that almost half of the hemophiliac population, as well as tens of thousands of blood transfusion recipients, had been infected with HIV-tainted blood. This book provides a comparative perspective on the political, legal, and social struggles that emerged in response to the HIV contamination of the blood supply of the industrialized world. It describes how eight nations responded to the first signs that AIDS might be transmitted through blood, how early efforts to secure the blood supply faltered, and what measures were ultimately implemented to resolve the contamination. The authors detail the remarkable mobilization of hemophiliacs who challenged the state, the medical establishment, and their own caregivers to seek recompense and justice. In the end, the blood establishments in almost all the advanced industrial nations were shaken. In Canada, the Red Cross was forced to withdraw from blood collection and distribution. In Japan, pharmaceutical firms that manufactured clotting factor agreed to massive compensation -- $500,000 per hemophiliac infected. In France, blood officials went to prison. Even in Denmark, where the number of infected hemophiliacs was relatively small, the struggle and litigation surrounding blood has resulted in the most protracted legal and administrative conflict in modern Danish history. Blood Feuds brings together chapters on the experiences of the United States, Japan, France, Canada, Germany, Denmark, Italy, and Australia with four comparative essays that shed light on the cultural, institutional, and economic dimensions of the HIV/blood disaster.


Author Notes

Eric A. Feldman is at New York University. Ronald Bayer is at Columbia University.


Eric A. Feldman is at New York University. Ronald Bayer is at Columbia University.


Table of Contents

Part 1 National Encounters with Blood and AIDS
1 Introduction: Understanding the Blood FeudsRonald Bayer and Eric Feldman
2 Blood and AIDS in America: Science, Politics, and the Making of an Iatrogenic CatastropheRonald Bayer
3 HIV and Blood in Japan: Transforming Private Conflict into Public ScandalEric Feldman
4 The Nations Blood: Medicine, Justice, and the State in FranceMonika Steffen
5 From Trust to Tragedy: HIV / AIDS and the Canadian Blood SystemNorbert Gilmore and Margaret Somerville
6 The Never-Ending Story? The Political and Legal Controversies over HIV and the Blood Supply in DenmarkErik Albaek
7 Blood Scandal and AIDS in GermanyStephan Dressler
8 Blood, Bureaucracy and Law: Responding to the HIV-Tainted Blood in ItalyUmberto Izzo
9 HIV-Contaminated Blood and Australian Policy: The Limits of SuccessJohn Ballard
Part 2 Comparative Perspectives on the Politics of Medical Disaster
10 Cultural Perspectives on BloodDorothy Nelkin
11 The Politics of Blood: Hemophilia Activism in the AIDS CrisisDavid Kirp
12 The Circulation of the Blood: AIDS, Blood and the Economics of InformationSherry Glied
13 Conclusion: The Comparative Politics of Contaminated Blood: From Hesitancy to ScandalTheodore Marmor and Patrician Dillon and Stephen Scher
Part 1 National Encounters with Blood and AIDS
1 Introduction: Understanding the Blood FeudsRonald Bayer and Eric Feldman
2 Blood and AIDS in America: Science, Politics, and the Making of an Iatrogenic CatastropheRonald Bayer
3 HIV and Blood in Japan: Transforming Private Conflict into Public ScandalEric Feldman
4 The Nations Blood: Medicine, Justice, and the State in FranceMonika Steffen
5 From Trust to Tragedy: HIV / AIDS and the Canadian Blood SystemNorbert Gilmore and Margaret Somerville
6 The Never-Ending Story? The Political and Legal Controversies over HIV and the Blood Supply in DenmarkErik Albaek
7 Blood Scandal and AIDS in GermanyStephan Dressler
8 Blood, Bureaucracy and Law: Responding to the HIV-Tainted Blood in ItalyUmberto Izzo
9 HIV-Contaminated Blood and Australian Policy: The Limits of SuccessJohn Ballard
Part 2 Comparative Perspectives on the Politics of Medical Disaster
10 Cultural Perspectives on BloodDorothy Nelkin
11 The Politics of Blood: Hemophilia Activism in the AIDS CrisisDavid Kirp
12 The Circulation of the Blood: AIDS, Blood and the Economics of InformationSherry Glied
13 Conclusion: The Comparative Politics of Contaminated Blood: From Hesitancy to ScandalTheodore Marmor and Patrician Dillon and Stephen Scher