Cover image for Sally Hemings & Thomas Jefferson : history, memory, and civic culture
Title:
Sally Hemings & Thomas Jefferson : history, memory, and civic culture
Author:
Lewis, Jan, 1949-
Publication Information:
Charlottesville : University Press of Virginia, 1999.
Physical Description:
x, 280 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
General Note:
Papers originally presented at a conference held Mar. 5-6, 1999, at Monticello and the University of Virginia.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780813919188

9780813919195

9780813919478

9780813919485
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

The publication of DNA test results showing that Thomas Jefferson was probably the father of one of his slave Sally Hemings's children has sparked a broad but often superficial debate. The editors of this volume have assembled some of the most distinguished American historians, including three Pulitzer Prize winners, and other experts on Jefferson, his times, race, and slavery. Their essays reflect the deeper questions the relationship between Hemings and Jefferson has raised about American history and national culture.

The DNA tests would not have been conducted had there not already been strong historical evidence for the possibility of a relationship. As historians from Winthrop D. Jordan to Annette Gordon-Reed have argued, much more is at stake in this liaison than the mere question of paternity: historians must ask themselves if they are prepared to accept the full implications of our complicated racial history, a history powerfully shaped by the institution of slavery and by sex across the color line.

How, for example, does it change our understanding of American history to place Thomas Jefferson in his social context as a plantation owner who fathered white and black families both? What happens when we shift our focus from Jefferson and his white family to Sally Hemings and her children? How do we understand interracial sexual relationships in the early republic and in our own time? Can a renewed exploration of the contradiction between Jefferson's life as a slaveholder and his libertarian views yield a clearer understanding of the great political principles he articulated so eloquently and that Americans cherish? Are there moral or political lessons to be learned from the lives of Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings and the way that historians and the public have attempted to explain their liaison?

Sally Hemings and Thomas Jefferson: History, Memory, and Civic Culture promises an open-ended discussion on the living legacy of slavery and race relations in our national culture.


Summary

The publication of DNA test results showing that Thomas Jefferson was probably the father of one of his slave Sally Hemings's children has sparked a broad but often superficial debate. The editors of this volume have assembled some of the most distinguished American historians, including three Pulitzer Prize winners, and other experts on Jefferson, his times, race, and slavery. Their essays reflect the deeper questions the relationship between Hemings and Jefferson has raised about American history and national culture.

The DNA tests would not have been conducted had there not already been strong historical evidence for the possibility of a relationship. As historians from Winthrop D. Jordan to Annette Gordon-Reed have argued, much more is at stake in this liaison than the mere question of paternity: historians must ask themselves if they are prepared to accept the full implications of our complicated racial history, a history powerfully shaped by the institution of slavery and by sex across the color line.

How, for example, does it change our understanding of American history to place Thomas Jefferson in his social context as a plantation owner who fathered white and black families both? What happens when we shift our focus from Jefferson and his white family to Sally Hemings and her children? How do we understand interracial sexual relationships in the early republic and in our own time? Can a renewed exploration of the contradiction between Jefferson's life as a slaveholder and his libertarian views yield a clearer understanding of the great political principles he articulated so eloquently and that Americans cherish? Are there moral or political lessons to be learned from the lives of Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings and the way that historians and the public have attempted to explain their liaison?

Sally Hemings and Thomas Jefferson: History, Memory, and Civic Culture promises an open-ended discussion on the living legacy of slavery and race relations in our national culture.


Author Notes

Jan Ellen Lewis is Professor of History at Rutgers University, Newark, and author of of The Pursuit of Happiness: Family and Values in Jefferson's Virginia.

Peter S. Onuf is Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation Professor of History at the University of Virginia and editor of Jeffersonian Legacies (Virginia). His new book, Jefferson's Empire will be published in April 2000.


Jan Ellen Lewis is Professor of History at Rutgers University, Newark, and author of of The Pursuit of Happiness: Family and Values in Jefferson's Virginia.

Peter S. Onuf is Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation Professor of History at the University of Virginia and editor of Jeffersonian Legacies (Virginia). His new book, Jefferson's Empire will be published in April 2000.


Table of Contents

Jan Ellen Lewis and Peter S. OnufGordon S. WoodWinthrop D. JordanPhilip D. MorganJoshua D. RothmanRhys IsaacJan Ellen LewisLucia Stanton and Dianne Swann-WrightClarence WalkerWerner SollorsJack N. RakoveAnnette Gordon-Reed
Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
Part I. Race, Sex, and History
1. The Ghosts of Monticellop. 19
2. Hemings and Jefferson: Reduxp. 35
3. Interracial Sex in the Chesapeake and the British Atlantic World, c. 1700-1820p. 52
Part II. Stories and Lies, Remembering and Forgetting
4. James Callender and Social Knowledge of Interracial Sex in Antebellum Virginiap. 87
5. Monticello Stories Old and Newp. 114
6. The White Jeffersonsp. 127
7. Bonds of Memory: Identity and the Hemings Familyp. 161
Part III. Civic Culture
8. "Denial Is Not a River in Egypt"p. 187
9. Presidents, Race, and Sexp. 199
10. Our Jeffersonp. 210
II. "The Memories of a Few Negroes": Rescuing America's Future at Monticellop. 236
Appendix A. Madison Hemings's Memoirp. 255
Appendix B. James Callender's Reportsp. 259
Appendix C. Thomas Jefferson to Francis Gray, 4 March 1815p. 262
Appendix D. Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, Query XIVp. 264
Appendix E. Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, Query XVIIIp. 269
Notes on Contributorsp. 271
Indexp. 273