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Pacifism in the twentieth century
Brock, Peter, 1920-2006.
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Publication Information:
Syracuse, N.Y. : Distributed by Syracuse University Press, 1999.
Physical Description:
liv, 436 pages : illustrations ; 26 cm
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JZ5560 .B76 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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For college students and general readers, surveys the various movements advocating personal nonparticipation in war of any kind as a first step in finding nonviolent means for resolving conflict. Considers the heritage of previous centuries, conscientious objection, Catholicism and Judaism between the world wars, the antinuclear movement, and the Vietnam War. An updated and illustrated edition of Brock's 1970 Twentieth-Century Pacifism published by Van Nostrand Reinhold. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

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Brock and Nigel's comprehensive study traces the history of the pacifist movement, of those who have refused to serve in wars or to solve conflicts by violence, from its religious origins to the hundreds of thousands who rallied against the use of nuclear weapons. Detailed chapters treat theology and pacifism, the terrible treatment of conscientious objectors in both world wars, Gandhian philosophy and its uses in India and in the US by Martin Luther King Jr., the opposition to the Vietnam war, and finally, the antinuclear movement. Given the comprehensive examination of these events, it is notable that little is said about the role of women, except for a brief mention of the women of Greenham Common. Most compelling is the analysis of the conflicts within the movement between those who are "true" pacifists, opposing all violence, and those who oppose "unjust" wars. Pacifists found their ideology sorely tested in the Spanish Civil War, the wars against Nazism and Fascism, and in the sometimes violent struggles for national liberation in former European colonies. General readers; upper-division undergraduates and above. J. Wishnia SUNY at Stony Brook