Cover image for Children, young adults, and the law : a dictionary
Children, young adults, and the law : a dictionary
Arnest, Lauren Krohn.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO, [1998]

Physical Description:
xvi, 346 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
A dictionary of terms related to the legal rights of children and young adults.
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
KF479.A68 A76 1998 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

On Order



This informative, easy-to-use reference book covers a wide range of legal issues that affect children from birth until legal adulthood.

* Includes table of cases

* A directory of organizations and a guide to further reading round out this volume

Author Notes

Lauren Krohn has a law degree and has served on the writing staffs of two legal publishers.

Reviews 3

Booklist Review

These two volumes in the Contemporary Legal Issues series provide A^-Z coverage of significant issues, terms, and concepts in their respective fields. Children, Young Adults, and the Law has entries such as biological parent, Grandparent Visitation Statute, and school safety; while Conservation and the Law defines such terms as ecosystem management, Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act of 1980, and range reform. The intent of the series is to address legal issues in language understandable to the general reader.

School Library Journal Review

Gr 8 Up‘This dictionary is clearly written and comprehensive. All of the approximately 200 entries contain numerous cross-references in bold type that lead readers to other related articles. In addition to covering general topics such as "Adoption," "Athletic Programs," and "Indecent Materials," Arnest includes entries for noteworthy federal statutes and Supreme Court cases. The book begins with a historical overview of the development of the law relating to children and ends with a table of cases and statutes mentioned in the text, an annotated list for further reading, and a helpful index. This unique resource is accessible to young adults, who may find it useful for reports or who are interested in the law; it will also be helpful to adults who deal with, consult, or advise young people.‘Marsha S. Holden, Highland Community College, Freeport, IL (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Choice Review

Laws relating to children in the US have mushroomed in the last 100 years; a multitude of municipal, state, and federal laws that now govern child support and child custody are aimed at preventing child abuse and neglect, mandating school attendance, and processing juvenile criminals. This compact book, a volume in ABC-Clio's "Contemporary Legal Issues" series intended for general readers, attempts to cover both the most noteworthy legal issues involving children today and Supreme Court cases that have dealt with children's rights. The 23-page introduction provides interesting background for the laws concerning children and young adults. The alphabetical entries range from short paragraphs to a few pages and cover issues ranging from abandonment to wrongful life. The index makes it easy to locate particular issues (e.g., "Baby Jessica," neglect, workhouses) and three sections ("Further Reading," "Table of Cases," and "Table of Statutes") help readers explore issues unique to children and young adults. An excellent acquisition for public and academic libraries, and useful for students pursuing a degree in criminal justice with an emphasis on the juvenile justice system and children's rights. D. J. Turner; Auraria Library

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xv
Children, Young Adults, and the Lawp. 1
A Abandonmentp. 25
Ability Groupingp. 26
Abortion Rightsp. 27
Acknowledgment Statutep. 30
Adjudicationp. 30
Adoptionp. 31
Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997p. 34
Adoption Recordsp. 35
Adoptive Consentp. 37
Adoptive Parentp. 39
Age of Consentp. 43
Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)p. 43
Alcoholp. 44
Amusement Sitesp. 45
Arrestp. 47
Athletic Programsp. 48
B Bailp. 51
Best Interests of the Child Rulep. 52
Bethel School District No. 103 v. Fraserp. 52
Bilingual Educationp. 54
Biological Parentp. 55
Board of Education v. Picop. 55
Breed v. Jonesp. 57
Brown v. Board of Educationp. 58
Burden of Proofp. 60
Busingp. 61
C Capital Punishmentp. 63
Certificate of Agep. 63
Child Abusep. 64
Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA)p. 65
Child Custodyp. 66
Child Pornographyp. 72
Child Protection Actionp. 74
Child Victims' and Child Witnesses' Rights Actp. 75
Child's Custodial Preferencep. 76
CHINSp. 78
Citizenship Requirementsp. 78
Civil Rights Act of 1964p. 79
Community Servicep. 80
Competency Testingp. 80
Compulsory Attendance Lawp. 81
Confrontational Rightsp. 82
Contraceptive Rightsp. 83
Contract Rightsp. 84
Corporal Punishmentp. 85
Counsel Rightsp. 87
Court Recordsp. 89
Criminal Nonsupport Statutep. 91
Curfewp. 91
Curriculum Choicep. 94
Custodial Confinementp. 95
Custodial Interference Statutep. 97
D Delinquency Proceedingp. 99
Desegregationp. 99
DeShaney v. Winnebago County Department of Social Servicesp. 101
Disabled Studentsp. 102
Dispositionp. 104
Diversionp. 106
Dress Codesp. 106
Driving Privilegesp. 108
Due Process of Lawp. 110
E Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment Services (EPSDT)p. 113
Educational Malpracticep. 113
Educational Rightsp. 114
Edwards v. Aguillardp. 116
Emancipationp. 117
Emotional Abusep. 119
Employment Regulationsp. 120
Equal Access Act (EAA)p. 122
Equal Protectionp. 123
Expulsionp. 125
F Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)p. 127
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)p. 129
Family Immunity Doctrinep. 131
Family Purpose Doctrinep. 133
Federal Child Support Enforcement Programp. 134
Firearmsp. 135
Foster Carep. 136
Foster Parentp. 139
Freedom of Choice Plansp. 141
Friendly Parent Provisionp. 141
Funding Equalityp. 142
G Gang Bookp. 143
Gifted and Talented Students Education Act of 1988p. 143
Ginsberg v. New Yorkp. 144
Goss v. Lopezp. 145
Government Aid to Private Religious Schoolsp. 146
Grandparent Visitation Statutep. 146
Guardianp. 148
Guardian Ad Litemp. 150
H Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeierp. 155
Head Startp. 157
Hearsay Statementsp. 158
Home Schoolp. 160
Housing Discriminationp. 161
I Illegitimacyp. 163
In Loco Parentisp. 165
In re Gaultp. 165
Income Taxp. 168
Indecent Materialsp. 168
Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (ICWA)p. 172
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1990 (IDEA)p. 173
Infancy Doctrinep. 174
Ingraham v. Wrightp. 174
Inheritance Rightsp. 176
Institutional Rightsp. 180
Intakep. 182
Interrogationp. 183
J Joint Custodyp. 187
Jury Trialp. 188
Juvenile Courtp. 190
Juvenile Delinquentp. 191
Juvenile Jurisdictionp. 191
Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Actp. 192
K Kent v. United Statesp. 195
Kiddie Taxp. 196
L Lau v. Nicholsp. 197
M Majorityp. 199
Marriage Rightsp. 200
Maternal Preference Rulep. 201
Medical Treatmentp. 202
Mental Hospital Commitmentp. 205
Meyer v. Nebraskap. 206
Missing Children Actp. 207
N National School Lunch Program (NSLP)p. 209
Necessariesp. 210
Neglectp. 211
New Jersey v. T. L. Op. 214
Notice of Chargesp. 216
P Parens Patriae Doctrinep. 219
Parent Locator Service (PLS)p. 220
Parental Consortiump. 221
Parental Kidnapping Prevention Actp. 222
Parental Responsibility Statutep. 223
Parental Rightsp. 224
Parham v. J.R.p. 227
Parolep. 227
Paternity Actionp. 228
Physical Abusep. 230
Pierce v. Society of Sistersp. 230
Planned Parenthood of Central Missouri v. Danforthp. 231
Pleadingp. 232
Plyler v. Doep. 233
Pregnancyp. 235
Preliminary Hearingp. 236
Preventive Detentionp. 237
Prince v. Massachusettsp. 238
Probationp. 239
Property Rightsp. 240
Protective Custodyp. 242
Psychological Parent Doctrinep. 242
Public Trialp. 243
R Religious Freedomp. 247
Religious Holidaysp. 248
Reporting Lawsp. 248
Residency Requirementsp. 250
Restitutionp. 251
Runaway and Homeless Youth Actp. 252
S Schall v. Martinp. 253
School Dropout Demonstration Assistance Act of 1988p. 255
School Prayerp. 255
School Rulesp. 257
School Safetyp. 261
Search and Seizurep. 262
Sexual Abusep. 266
Sexual Activityp. 267
Sexual Exploitation Actp. 268
Single-Sex Schoolsp. 269
Speedy Trialp. 269
Stanford v. Kentuckyp. 270
Status Offensep. 272
Statute of Limitationsp. 274
Statutory Rapep. 276
Stepparentp. 277
Student Feesp. 278
Support Enforcementp. 279
Support Obligationp. 281
Surrogate Parentp. 284
T Tender Years Doctrinep. 287
Termination Proceedingp. 287
Testamentary Rightsp. 289
Testimonial Competencyp. 290
Thompson v. Oklahomap. 293
Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School Districtp. 295
Title IV-D Agencyp. 296
Title IXp. 297
Tobacco Productsp. 298
Tort Responsibilityp. 299
Transportation Rightsp. 301
Trial as Adultp. 302
Tuition Vouchersp. 303
U Underground Newspapersp. 305
Unfit Parentp. 306
Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act (UCCJA)p. 307
Uniform Interstate Family Support Act (UIFSA)p. 308
V Vaccination Requirementsp. 311
Visitation Rightsp. 311
Vocational Trackingp. 315
W West Virginia Board of Education v. Barnettep. 317
Wisconsin v. Yoderp. 318
Wrongful Lifep. 319
For Further Readingp. 321
Table of Casesp. 325
Table of Statutesp. 329
Indexp. 331