Cover image for 365 more simple science experiments with everyday materials
Title:
365 more simple science experiments with everyday materials
Author:
Churchill, E. Richard (Elmer Richard)
Publication Information:
New York : Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, [1998]

©1998
Physical Description:
320 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Summary:
Presents a variety of activities, projects, and experiments that help to illustrate and explain all sorts of scientific principles.
General Note:
Includes index.
Language:
English
Reading Level:
IG 1030 Lexile.
ISBN:
9781579120351

9781579129675
Format :
Book

Available:*

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Q164 .C452 1998 Juvenile Non-Fiction Work Room
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Summary

Summary

Illustrated by Frances Zweifel This companion to the popular 365 Simple Science Experiments fills a whole new year with fun, easy and educational hands-on experiments. Kids will learn basic scientific concepts, covering everything from nature, physics, time, chemistry and space. The fundamentals of science are brought to life in an informative and colorful text that children ages seven and up can easily follow by themselves. Simple, clear and safe instructions explain the experiments all of which use everyday materials found in most homes. Projects range from mastering helicopter flight with a pencil and piece of cardboard to building bird-nests, preserving spider webs and constructing a "cigar box" guitar (to understand sound waves). More than 700 lively illustrations give visual aids to help set up the experiments.


Author Notes

Author Anthony D. Fredericks is a native of Newport Beach, California. After working as an elementary educator and reading specialist, he is currently a Professor of Education at York College, York, Pennsylvania.

As the author of 20 award-winning children's books as well as more than 50 resource books for teachers and parents, he is a frequent visitor to schools around the country, where he shares his enthusiasm and love for writing.

(Bowker Author Biography)


Excerpts

Excerpts

1 + 1 Does Not Always = 2 You might be a good math student, but you will have to be a good physics student to figure out this experiment. You will need: - large-size glass jar - masking tape - pen - cup of sugar - measuring cup - paper towel - drinking straw - warm water What to do: Place a strip of masking tape down the outside of the jar. Pour one cup of warm water into the jar and mark the level that it reaches on the tape. Then, add a second cup of warm water and, again mark the water level on the tape. Empty all of the water out of the jar and dry the inside of it with a paper towel. Now, pour one cup of warm water into the jar. Follow that with one cup of sugar. Stir this solution well with the straw and then check the liquid level on the masking-tape measuring strip. What happens: The liquid level of one cup of water plus one cup of sugar does not reach the two-cup mark of the tape. Why: If you caught the clue word, solution, when you were instructed to stir the sugar and water together, you probably know the answer. The substances in a solution fit neatly together, like puzzle parts. Instead of taking up their own space, the grains of sugar simply fill in the empty spaces around the water molecules to make something entirely new, a solution called sugar water...but less of it than you thought you would have when you added the sugar and water measurements. The Talking Coin You may have heard somebody say that money talks, but until you do this experiment you have probably never actually seen it speak. You will need: - plastic 2-liter bottle - quarter - cup of water - freezer - kitchen timer or watch What to do: Put the quarter in the cup of water and place the empty bottle in the freezer for five minutes. When the time is up, remove the bottle from the freezer and, immediately, cover the mouth of the bottle with the wet coin. (It is important to completely cover the bottle's mouth with the coin.) What happens: The quarter becomes a tongue for the bottle and begins to chatter to you. Why: When the bottle was put into the freezer, the air molecules inside of it cooled and moved closer together. Since the air in the bottle then took up less space, it left room for extra air to flow in - so it did. When the bottle was removed from the freezer, however, the air molecules inside of it began to warm up and spread out again. It's a great example of, "There was enough room for everyone to sit comfortably in the car until we all put on coats and it was crowded." Suddenly there was no room for the extra air molecules. It is that "extra air" that is being pushed out of the bottle as the air warms that makes the coin move up and down as if it were talking. "Boil, Boil Magical Water" Would you believe you can boil water without using a stove? Here's the key to this old, well-kept secret. You will need: - clear drinking glass (a narrow one is easier to handle) - water - handkerchief-size square of cloth - rubber band - sink What to do: Fill the glass about half full of water. Lay the cloth evenly over the top of the glass and push the center of it down into the water. Then, put a rubber band tightly around the top to hold the cloth edges against the sides of the glass. Turn the glass upside down over the sink. Some of the water may dribble out, but most of it will stay inside the glass. Hold the cloth tightly around the neck of the glass, between the rubber band and the covered opening, and push down hard on the upside-down bottom of the glass. What happens: The water starts to boil! (It may take a couple of tries to get the hand of this, but don't give up.) Why: Of course, the water isn't really boiling, because there is no heat source. Actually, it is the air that comes in through the cloth when the water is squeezed out (by pressing on the bottom of the glass and tightly pulling on the cloth) that causes the bubbles - and makes it look as if the water in the glass is boiling. What next: Once you can control the bubbling, use this experiment as a trick lie detector. Ask friends some questions and tell them that the water will boil if they lie, but won't if they tell the truth. Note: You can make this trick more mysterious by tinting the water in the glass with food coloring. Excerpted from 365 More Simple Science Experiments. Copyright (c) 1998 by Sterling Publishing Company. Reprinted with permission by BD&L Excerpted from 365 More Simple Science Experiments with Everyday Materials by Judy Breckenridge, Anthony D. Fredericks, Louis V. Loeschnig, Muriel Mandell All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.

Table of Contents

Introduction Beating the heat
Make a Foil Lamp Shade
Step on a Crack
Day and Night in a Can
Decorate a Hat
Melt a Kiss
Color Me Warm
Birds on a Wire Why Is There Air?
The Collapsing Bottle
The Wonderful Whistle-Stick
The Talking Coin
The Incredible Shrinking Face
Launch Your Own Astronauts
The Trick Straw Race
The Collapsing Tent
Make a parachute
The Singing Balloon
The Rising Notebook Trick
Air-Head Person
Real String Soap in a Bottle
Underwater Eggspert
Acupuncture Balloon
"Boil, Boil Magical Water" Water, Water, Everywhere!
"I Was Here First!"
Flowing Fountain
Two Water Towers
"I Think I''ll Eat Worms"
The Power of Water
Ice Boat Float
The Floating Glass
Disappearing Salt
"Freeze Me and I''ll Burst!"
1 + 1 Does Not Always = 2
"Give Me Room!"
The Shrinking Molecule
Shy Blue
Make a "Dropper"
Square Bubbles from Square Holes?
More Than Enough
Water "Glue"
Stick Together, Stay Together
Fishing for "Clippies"
Water-Drop Art
Oil versus Water
Make a Waterwheel
Deep-Bottle Diver
The Warm and Cold of It
Make a Purple People-Eater Seeing the Light
Sometimes Bigger Is Better
Make Your Own Movie Screen
The Reappearing Penny
Big Bold Letters
Amazing 3-Ring Light Show Sounds Like Fun
Deep "C", High "C"
Catching Sound
The Amazing Hum-o-comb
Was It Ripped or Torn?
Make Your Own Sound Studio
The Silence of Snow
Cigar-Box Guitar
Dance, Sprinkles, Dance
Natural Vibrations
Musical Nails
Make a Megaphone
Dancing Cereal Puffs
Wild Animal Calls A Matter of Gravity
Feel the Force
Which Drops Faster?
Find the Center of Gravity
Wacky Ball
Anti-Gravity Magic Physics Mix
The Deep, Dark Hole
A Gyroscope in Your Pocket
The Kissing Balloons
Make a Balloon Rocket
The Magic Water Bucket
The Pendulum Sand Painting It''s Crystal Clear
Sparkling Soda
Astronomical White Asteroids
Crazy Cave Icicles
The Diamond Mine
Blue Moon Rocks
Rocky Mountains
The Gem Show
Hi, Sugar! The Lab: CO2 and You
Dynamite Dumplings
How to Make a Manometer
The Care and Use of Your Manometer
CO2 Uplift Kitchen Alchemy
Spicy Infusion
Give An Infusion Party
Butter Me Up
"Emulsional" about Mayonnaise
In a Pickle
Atoms Apple
Lemon Aide
Herb Dressing: To Be or Not to Be?
I Scream!
Endothermic Frozen Treat: Cranberry Lemon Snow
Maple Snow Sugar
Batter on the Moon
I''ve Got a Crush on You Food For Thought
Tasting through Your Nose
Some Like it Hot
Wilting a Cucumber
Too Many Potato Chips!
Too Salty!
What Pot?
Which Boils Faster
Salted or Plain Water?
Poached Egg Physics
Salt Versus the Sweet Stuff
Freezing Salt and Sugar
The Candy Trap
The Cookie Test Green Broccoli and Other Vegetables
The Vegetable Game
How to Feed Celery
Storing Carrots
No Way to Treat a Lettuce
Taming an Onion
Taking the Starch Out of a Potato!
Potato Race
Milking a Potato
Potato Soup
Why Do Some Vegetables Smell Bad?
Keeping of the Green
Looking Good but Feeling Rotten!
Cold or Hot
Keeping a Lid On
There Must Be a Better Way!
Colorful Carrot
About Legumes
Culling
Tough Cook, Tender Beans
Sprouting Beans Fruit of the Vine and Other Places
Bite or Bake?
Bursting an Apple
Apple in a Cookie Jar
One end is sweeter!
How to Ripen a Fruit
Getting Juice from a Lemon
Rescuing an Apple
Not in the Refrigerator
Powerful Pineapple
Currying Flavor with a Lime
How to Make Vinegar Grain: The Staff of Life
What is Toast?
Science for Breakfast
Why Not Eat Flour Raw?
Popping Popcorn
Gluten: The Sticky Story
Popovers: Gluten in Action
Hidden Sugar
Alice''s Magic Pill
The Sugar Eater
Just Right
The Pizza Test
About Baking Soda
About Baking Powder
Powder Versus Soda
Model Muffins
Weather and Cookies Making Food Last
Hocus-Pocus-Raisins
Freezing Herbs
To Freeze or Not to Freeze
Preserving a Pear
Little Miss Muffet Talking About Time
Now and Then
Time to Wake Up
The Time of Your Life
How Long Is a Minute? Telling Time by the Moon
Calendar Timeline
Moon Time
Different Drummers
String Calendar
Perpetual Calendar
The Wobbly Week Telling Time by the Sun
Sundial Timeline
Where Does My Shadow Go?
Why Am I Sometimes Very Tall?
Shadow Watch
Shadow Temperature
What''s the Angle?
Hand Dial
Noon Marks
Time Zones Cloudy Day and Night Timetellers
Cloudy Day Timeline
Candle Timekeeper
By A Nose!
Water Clock
Having It Both Ways
A Knotty Problem
Hourglass Timekeepers
Invent Your Own Clock Telling Time by the Stars
Star Timeline
Cereal Box Planetarium
The Sky As Compass
Star Map
Some Timetelling Stars
Star Time Mechanical Clocks
Mechanical Clock Timeline
Yo-Yo Clock
Get in Gear
Why Clocks Count to Twelve
Jewel As Cushions
Pendulum Clocks
Railroad Timetable
Daylight Savings Time
International Date Line Super Clocks
Super Clock Timeline
Electric Clocks
Make an Electric Motor
Charged!
Coin Battery
Quartz Crystal Clocks
The Piezoelectric Effect
Digital Clocks
Glowing in the Dark
Timing the Past: The Radioactive Clock
Atomic Clocks
Time Machines
and More Under Ground
Rock and Roll
It''s a Dirty Job...
Soak It Up
Deeper and Deeper
Nutrients Away
Making Bricks
A Crystal Garden
From Dust to Dust
Erosion Explosion
Stem the Tide
Did You Know?
Compact and Loose
Well, Well, Well
From Shore to Shore
More than You Know
Ocean Motion
You Crack Me Up!
Drip, Drip, Drip
Don''t Rain on My Parade
Acid Soil
Did You Know? Plenty of Plants
Hey, What''s Inside?
Help Me Out
Swell Time
Top to Bottom
A Growing Enterprise
Hawaiian Harvest
Green Highways
The Name Game
Water In, Water Out
Don''t Crowd Me
Breathe Deeply
Follow That Light
Hanging On
See Me Grow
Flower Power
A Powerful Force
Hold That Mold
My Bud-Bud-Buddy
Adopt a Tree
Plants Breathe, Too
Did You Know?
I''m Impressed Wonderful Wildlife
Feathered Friends
Well Fed
Feed Me, I''m Yours!
Woodside Restaurant
World''s Greatest Birdfood
Home Sweet Home
Look Ma, No Hands!
Worm World
Creepy Crawlers
The Ants Go Marching...
Cricket Critters
Web Warriors
Net Gain
Mealworm Magic
Bee Home, Be Careful
Sea Shrimp at the Seashore
Can''t See Me!
I''m All Yours!
Track record
Sound Off
Did You Know? Ecosystems Near and Far
Life in a Square
Houses and Homes
Happy Habitat
A Simple Community
My Own Backyard
Bag of Bananas
It''s Absolutely Degrading!
Did You Know? Nature Problems to Solve
A Plethora of Pollution
Eggs Over easy
Oil Change
Not