Cover image for Fundamentalism reborn? : Afghanistan and the Taliban
Fundamentalism reborn? : Afghanistan and the Taliban
Maley, William, 1957-
Publication Information:
New York : New York University Press, 1998.
Physical Description:
xiii, 253 pages : map ; 22 cm
Introduction : interpreting the Taliban / William Maley -- The Rabbani government, 1992-1996 / Amin Saikal -- How the Taliban became a military force / Anthony Davis -- Pakistan and the Taliban / Ahmed Rashid -- The United States and the Taliban / Richard Mackenzie -- Russia, Central Asia and the Taliban / Anthony Hyman -- Saudi Arabia, Iran and the conflict in Afghanistan / Anwar-ul-haq Ahady -- Dilemmas of humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan / Michael Keating -- Afghan women under the Taliban / Nancy Hatch Dupree -- Is Afghanistan on the brink of ethnic and tribal disintegration? / Bernt Glatzer -- The UN in Afghanistan: 'doing its best' or 'failure of a mission'? / William Maley -- Has Islamism a future in Afghanistan? / Olivier Roy -- The future of the state and the structure of community governance in Afghanistan / M. Nazif Shahrani.
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DS371.3 .F86 1998 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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In 1996, the world watched with varying degrees of interest, surprise, and unease as armed, ultra- fundamentalist insurgents overthrew the Afghan government. Within days of their victory, the Taliban, a militant Islamic sect, were issuing draconian religious decrees, restricting women's employment and movement, rounding up Afghans at gunpoint to pray five times a day, and publicly executing political opponents and criminals.

Composed of essays commissioned from the foremost experts on the Taliban, this anthology traces the movement's origins, its ascendance, the reasons for its success, and its role in the reconstruction of Afghanistan. Crucial to the Taliban's staying power as a governing force will be its relations with neighboring countries and with the West. Interestingly, given their intense hatred of Iran, the Taliban were enthusiastically supported by the U.S. government up to the very moment of their triumphant arrival in Kabul.

Examining yet another country on the brink of ethnic disintegration, Fundamentalism Reborn? is a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the history, rise to power, and future of the most dramatic manifestation of Islamic fundamentalism since the Iranian revolution.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

This is a fascinating and thorough analysis of the very complex political/military situation that evolved in Afghanistan following the demise of the Soviet puppet regime in April 1992. This volume also provides an insightful study of the rise of a new form of puritanical Islamic fundamentalism that overran Kabul in September 1996--namely, the Taliban, and its impact on Afghan society. In addition, the authors ask whether there is, in fact, a strategic struggle going on for the control of Afghanistan among Iran, India, and Russia, on one hand, and Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and the US on the other. Finally, the book deals with the vital question of the future of the state and the structure of community governance in Afghanistan. Maley (Univ. of New South Wales, Australia) and his 11 fellow contributors all possess impressive scholarly credentials and deserve praise for an outstanding analysis. Highly recommended for both a scholarly and a public audience. L. P. Fickett Jr.; Mary Washington College

Table of Contents

William MaleyAmin SaikalAnthony DavisAhmed RashidRichard MackenzieAnthony HymanAnwar-ul-haq AhadyMichael KeatingNancy Hatch DupreeBernt GlatzerWilliam MaleyOlivier RoyM. Nazif Shahrani
Preface and Acknowledgmentsp. v
The Authorsp. xi
Map of Afghanistanp. xiii
Introduction: Interpreting the Talibanp. 1
Afghanistan's path to crisisp. 4
The northern crisisp. 10
The social and doctrinal roots of the Talibanp. 14
On fundamentalism, traditionalism, and totalitarianismp. 16
Making sense of the Talibanp. 23
Part I The Rise of the Taliban
The Rabbani Government, 1992-1996p. 29
Political legitimacyp. 29
Elite settlementp. 32
Intra-party difficultiesp. 34
Pakistan's interferencep. 37
How the Taliban became a military forcep. 43
The military rise of the Talibanp. 43
The southp. 50
Kabulp. 56
The westp. 59
Kabul againp. 63
The campaign in the east and the seizure of Kabulp. 64
Pakistan and the Talibanp. 72
The Taliban and the Jamiat-e Ulema-i Islamp. 74
The Taliban and the transport mafiap. 76
The Taliban and the Bhutto governmentp. 79
The Taliban and Pakistan's provincial governmentsp. 82
The Taliban and the ISIp. 84
Part II The Taliban and the World
The United States and the Talibanp. 90
Shaping US policyp. 92
The evolution of US policyp. 93
US interests and the Talibanp. 96
Building support for pipelinesp. 97
The breakdown of US policyp. 100
Russia, Central Asia and the Talibanp. 104
Responding to disintegrationp. 105
The Taliban's northern campaignp. 110
Arms suppliesp. 114
Saudi Arabia, Iran and the conflict in Afghanistanp. 117
Period One: 1979-1988p. 119
Period Two: 1988-1992p. 120
Period Three: 1992 to the presentp. 122
Shifting interests and strategiesp. 128
The influence of the wider worldp. 132
Part III The Taliban and the Reconstruction of Afghanistan
Dilemmas of humanitarian assistance in Afghanistanp. 135
Key dilemmasp. 136
Reservations about the UN's agendap. 137
The challenge of the Talibanp. 138
The eyes of the worldp. 141
Afghan women under the Talibanp. 145
Actions and reactionsp. 146
Afghan responsesp. 159
Part IV Paths to the Future
Is Afghanistan on the brink of ethnic and tribal disintegration?p. 167
Introduction: The ethnic systemp. 167
The main ethnic groups in the Afghan conflictp. 169
The tribal systemp. 173
Ethnicity and tribalism: dangers and opportunitiesp. 178
The UN in Afghanistan: 'Doing its best' or 'Failure of a Mission'?p. 182
Peacemaking diplomacyp. 183
UN mediation in Afghanistanp. 186
The failure of the Mestiri Missionp. 190
Missing the heart of the Afghan problemp. 195
Has Islamism a future in Afghanistan?p. 199
From traditionalism to fundamentalism to Islamism ... and backp. 199
Afghan Islamism and the rest of the Muslim worldp. 201
The Afghan contextp. 204
The Taliban and the future of political Islam in Afghanistanp. 209
The future of the state and the structure of community governance in Afghanistanp. 212
A political ecological approachp. 214
Constitutive cultural principles, identities and political culturep. 218
Traditional (imperial) states and community self-governancep. 221
The development of a strong dynastic state and the destruction of self-governing communitiesp. 224
Legacies of Hukumat-e mutamarkiz-e qawip. 228
From military victory to political misery: contingenciesp. 234
The possibility of a new relation between civil society and the future statep. 236
Indexp. 243