Cover image for Spies and spymasters of the Civil War
Spies and spymasters of the Civil War
Markle, Donald E.
Personal Author:
Revised edition.
Publication Information:
New York : Hippocrene Books, 2000.

Physical Description:
xix, 273 pages ; 23 cm
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
E608 .M37 1994 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

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The most comprehensive work on the subject ever written, this book covers the entire history of Civil War espionage for both the Union and Confederate armies. This revised edition includes new photographs and drawings of both Union and Confederate spies, and new chapters including 'After Life' -- the stories of what happened to many notorious spymasters after the war, and 'Amateur Hour' -- new information about the extensive intelligence gathering done by the civilian population. With an appendix of all known Civil War spies -- 432 in all, a comprehensive bibliography of books written by Civil War spies, and a glossary of Civil War spy terms, this book is the ultimate guide to understanding Civil War espionage, and the foundation it built for modern-day military intelligence.

Author Notes

Donald E. Markle is an alumnus of the Civil War Institute at Gettysburg College. A veteran of 34 years in the U.S. Department of Defense Intelligence, Markle has given numerous lectures on the topic of espionage in the Civil War. He resides in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Introductionp. xv
Chapter 1 Civil War "Spy Chiefs"p. 1
Chapter 2 Intelligence Courier Systemsp. 17
Chapter 3 Secret Organizationsp. 25
Northern Sympathizers in the Southp. 26
Southern Sympathizers in the Northp. 29
Chapter 4 Technology Assists in Civil War Spyingp. 33
Chapter 5 Intelligence Gathering by Cryptologyp. 39
Union Cryptographyp. 41
Confederate Cryptographyp. 42
Chapter 6 Unique Spy Groupsp. 49
Confederate Operations in Canadap. 50
Negro Spiesp. 55
Newsboysp. 64
Spies from Europep. 66
Spies in Europep. 71
Telegraphic Spiesp. 78
Chapter 7 Imprisonment, Exchange and Execution of Spiesp. 85
Chapter 8 Individual Spiesp. 95
Chapter 9 Confederate Male Spiesp. 99
Thomas Conradp. 99
Major W. P. Gormanp. 102
Harrisonp. 104
Thomas R. Hinesp. 106
"Renfrew"p. 110
Benjamin Franklin Stringfellowp. 111
Lesser Known Confederate Male Spiesp. 114
Colonel Ashbyp. 114
Walter Bowiep. 114
E. Pliny Bryanp. 115
John Burkep. 116
C. E. Colemanp. 116
Godfrey Hyamnsp. 116
A. D. Lytlep. 116
Captain J. Maxwellp. 116
Channing Smithp. 117
William Smithsonp. 117
Dr. Aaron Van Campp. 117
Chapter 10 Union Male Spiesp. 119
Spencer Kellogg Brownp. 119
George Curtisp. 122
James A. Garfieldp. 124
"Colonel" Philps Hensonp. 126
William A. Lloydp. 130
Corporal Pikep. 134
Archibald Rowand, Jr.p. 135
Samuel Ruthp. 139
Felix Stidgerp. 141
Timothy Websterp. 143
Captain H. H. Youngp. 148
Lesser Known Union Male Spiesp. 150
James Andrewsp. 150
"Tinker" Dave Beattyp. 150
Harry Daviesp. 150
"Charlie Davis"p. 151
Alexander Gardnerp. 151
Joseph E. McCabep. 152
Thomas McCammonp. 152
Charles Phillipsp. 152
John Y. Phillipsp. 152
B. W. Saundersp. 153
William T. Woodp. 153
Chapter 11 Confederate Female Spiesp. 155
Belle Boydp. 155
Rose O'Neal Greenhowp. 159
Sarah Slaterp. 164
Lesser Known Confederate Female Spiesp. 167
Mrs. Braxleyp. 167
Belle Edmondsonp. 167
Antonia Fordp. 167
Laura R. Hannap. 168
Nancy Hartp. 168
Augusta Morrisp. 169
Ginnie Moonp. 169
Lottie Moonp. 169
Ann Pattersonp. 170
Kate Pattersonp. 170
Chapter 12 Union Female Spiesp. 171
Mrs. E. H. Bakerp. 171
Pauline Cushmanp. 173
Emma Edmondsp. 175
Elizabeth Van Lewp. 179
Lesser Known Female Union Spiesp. 187
Mrs. Frances Abelp. 187
Hattie Lawtonp. 187
Jeanette Laurimer Mabryp. 188
Mrs. Greenp. 188
Mrs. Ricep. 188
Dr. Mary E. Walkerp. 188
Rebecca Westp. 189
Chapter 13 Listing of All Known Civil War Spiesp. 191
Addendum to Revised Editionp. 217
Forewordp. 217
"After Life"p. 225
Amateur Hourp. 235
Glossary of Civil War Spy Termsp. 241
Listing of Books Written by Civil War Spiesp. 247
Bibliographyp. 251
Indexp. 259