Cover image for To walk without fear : the global movement to ban landmines
To walk without fear : the global movement to ban landmines
Cameron, Maxwell A.
Publication Information:
Toronto ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1998.
Physical Description:
xvi, 491 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Format :


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KZ5645 .T6 1998 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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To Walk Without Fear is a comprehensive and authoritative account of the global movement to ban landmines. It brings together leading academics, senior policy makers, and prominent leaders of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to examine and draw lessons from the "Ottawa Process" thatculminated in December 1997 when over 120 states signed a convention to ban the use, sale, and production of landmines.An essay by Nobel laureate Jody Williams and Steve Goose, of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL), describes how a global coalition of NGOs led the world toward a ban on landmines, while a chapter by the Canadian diplomats who orchestrated the "Ottawa Process" takes the reader behindthe scenes into the diplomatic arm-wrestling that resulted in Canada's leadership role. International specialists offer assessments of the military utility of mines (retired General Robert Gard), their humanitarian consequences (Alex Vines), the role of the Red Cross (Stuart Maslen), landminevictims (Jerry White and Ken Rutherford), national ban campaigns (including Valerie Warmington and Mary Warham), the problems of mine clearance (Don Hubert), and interpretations of the legal text of the treaty (Thomas Hajnoczi and Deborah Chatsis). Academic specialists analyze the policy process andnegotiations, explore the political economy of mines, identify the implications of the treaty for the development of international humanitarian norms, democratization, and civil society, and Canada's Minister of Foreign Affairs (Lloyd Axworthy) draws lessons from the Ottawa Process for other policyissues. The book resulted from an unusual collaboration between universities, governments, and nongovernmental organizations which developed in tandem with the negotiation process itself. Chapters were developed through a series of policy workshops, a seminar series, intensive focus-group discussions withgovernment officials and NGO members, and a "lessons learned" exercise that brought together over 200 NGO and government participants immediately after the signing of the convention. As a result, the book provides a rich source of new information and analyses. It will be both timely and ofenduring value to policy makers interested in drawing lessons from the Ottawa Process, to non-governmental organizations interested in replicating its results in other areas, to academic specialists and students interested in foreign policy and international affairs, and to the general publicseeking an accessible and readable account of one of the most significant global movements in recent years.

Author Notes

Maxwell A. Cameron, Professor, Department of Political Science, University of British Columbia. Brian W. Tomlin, Professor, The Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton University. Bob Lawson, Senior Policy Advisor, Landmines Unit, Department of Foreign Affairs andInternational Trade.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

This intriguing volume seeks to satisfy various audiences, providing "a little of something for everyone" about the successful campaign to draft and ratify an international treaty banning antipersonnel land mines. Although the US was the first country to suspend export of these weapons, which have killed more persons since WW II than nuclear and chemical weapons combined, it was Canada that made the major push for their outright abolition. No fewer than 32 authors participate in the 21 chapters. The most thoughtful, by coeditor Cameron, draws a variety of lessons from the "Ottawa Process," in which the Canadian government cooperated with like-minded states and with NGOs in this extraordinarily successful campaign to build political will, draft the treaty, and achieve ratification. American efforts to sideline the "Ottawa Process" in favor of more conventional diplomacy, then to amend the draft treaty, are roundly criticized. As a case study of NGO-government cooperation, this is an unprecedented book, although other recent studies have provided historical background to NGOs and American human rights policy (William Korey, NGOs and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, CH, Jun '99) and to networks of human rights groups (Margaret Keck and Kathryn Sikkink, Activists beyond Borders, CH, Dec '98). All levels. C. E. Welch; SUNY at Buffalo

Table of Contents

1 To Walk Without FearMaxwell A. Cameron and Robert J. Lawson and Brian W. Tomlin
Part 1 The Global Movement for a Ban
2 The International Campaign to Ban LandminesJody Williams and Stephen Goose
3 The Canadian CampaignValerie Warmington and Celina Tuttle
4 The French CampaignPhilippe Chabasse
5 The South African CampaignNoel Stott
6 The Role of the International Committee of the Red CrossStuart Maslen
7 The Role of the Landmine Survivors NetworkJerry White and Ken Rutherford
8 The Crisis of Anti-Personnel MinesAlex Vines
9 The Military Utility of Anti-Personnel MinesRobert G. Gard, Jr
Part 2 The International Response
10 The Ottawa Process and the International Movement to Ban Anti-Personnel MinesRobert J. Lawson and Mark Gwozdecky and Jill Sinclair and Ralph Lysyshyn
11 On a Fast Track to a Ban: The Canadian Policy ProcessBrian W. Tomlin
12 Rhetoric and Policy realities in the United StatesMary Wareham
13 Europe and the Ottawa ProcessDavid Long and Laird Hindle
14 Harnessing Change for Continuity: The Play of Political and Economic Forces Behind the Ottawa ProcessJ. Marshall Beier and Ann Denholm Crosby
15 The Ban TreatyThomas Hajnoczi and Thomas Desch and Deborah Chatsis
16 The Challenge of Humanitarian Mine ClearanceDon Hubert
Part 3 Legacies of the Ottawa Process
17 Compliance with International Norms and the Mines TabooRichard Price
18 (Re)presenting Landmines from Protector to Enemy: The Discursive Framing of New MultilateralismMiguel de Larrinaga and Claire Turenne Sjolander
19 Negotiating in the ottawa ProcessMichael Dolan and Chris Hunt
20 Democratization of Foreign Policy: The Ottawa Process as a ModelMaxwell A. Cameron
21 Towards a New MultilateralismLloyd Axworthy
Appendix A List of Signatories to and Ratifications of the Ottawa Convention
Appendix B The Ottawa Convention