Cover image for How government works : selections from the Encyclopedia of the United States Congress, the Encyclopedia of the American presidency, the Encyclopedia of the American judicial system.
Title:
How government works : selections from the Encyclopedia of the United States Congress, the Encyclopedia of the American presidency, the Encyclopedia of the American judicial system.
Publication Information:
New York : Macmillan Library Reference, [1999]

©1999
Physical Description:
xii, 1108 pages : illustrations ; 29 cm.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780028649757
Format :
Book

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JK271 .H74 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Oversize Non-Circ
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Summary

Summary

A terrific source for students seeking a better understanding of the machinations behind current events, as well as in traditional civics and American history studies -- this is also suited to public libraries serving large immigrant populations. More than 750 articles on every facet of the federal government from committee member selection in Congress to presidential term limits.


Reviews 2

Booklist Review

Selections from The Encyclopedia of the United States Congress (Simon and Schuster, 1995), The Encyclopedia of the American Presidency (Simon and Schuster, 1993), and Encyclopedia of the American Judicial System (Scribner, 1987).


Choice Review

A succinct one-volume reference book is needed that would explain how the three branches of the US government (legislative, executive, and judicial) function. This book offers students, historians, and political scientists an overview of the US government. It condenses articles found in three encyclopedias: The Encyclopedia of the United States Congress, ed. by Donald C. Bacon et al. (4v., CH, Sep'95), The Encyclopedia of the American Presidency, ed. by L.W.Levy and Louis Fisher (4v., CH, Feb'94), and Encyclopedia of the American Judicial System, ed. by Robert J. Janosik (3v., CH, Nov'87). Its three sections (legislative, executive, and judicial) each consist of alphabetically arranged entries on topics such as gerrymandering and pork barrel in the legislative section, high crimes and misdemeanors in the executive, and certiorari in the judicial. Entries vary in length, those on apportionment and redistricting, cabinet, and the adversary system being quite long. Brief bibliographies follow each topic. The appendix, Constitution of the US, will prove extremely useful to readers, as will as the lengthy index. A splendid addition to any reference collection; highly recommended. R. T. Ivey; University of Memphis


Table of Contents

Prefacep. xi
Part 1 Legislative Branch
Legislative Branchp. 3
Representativep. 3
Senatorp. 4
A Adjournment and Recess: In the Housep. 5
Adjournment and Recess: In the Senatep. 5
Amendingp. 6
Apportionment and Redistrictingp. 8
Awards and Prizesp. 16
B Bargainingp. 19
Bicameralismp. 20
Bill of Rightsp. 21
Billsp. 28
Blue Ribbon Commissionsp. 29
Broadcasting of Congressional Proceedingsp. 29
Budget Processp. 34
Bureaucracyp. 43
C Calendarsp. 52
Calendar Wednesdayp. 55
Call Systemp. 55
Campaign Financingp. 56
Censusp. 62
Clerk of the Housep. 64
Cloturep. 65
Committee of the Wholep. 66
Committees: An Overviewp. 66
Committees: Assignment of Membersp. 77
Committees: Committee Hearingsp. 80
Committees: Committee Jurisdictionsp. 82
Committees: Markupsp. 85
Committees: Committee Reportsp. 86
Committees: Standing Committeesp. 87
Committees: Select and Special Committeesp. 87
Committees: Joint Committeesp. 88
Concurrent Powersp. 88
Conference Committeesp. 89
Congress: Powers of Congressp. 91
Congress: Congressional Workloadp. 96
Congress: Politics and Influence in Congressp. 98
Congress: Customs and Mores of Congressp. 104
Congressional Budget Officep. 110
Congressional Directoryp. 112
Congressional Medal of Honorp. 112
Congressional Recordp. 113
Constituency Outreachp. 115
Constituency Servicep. 122
Constitution: Congress in the Constitutionp. 129
Constitution: Congressional Interpretation of the Constitutionp. 138
Contempt of Congressp. 147
Continuing Resolutionp. 147
D Delegates, Nonvotingp. 149
Delegation of Powersp. 150
Dilatory Motionsp. 150
Discharge Rulesp. 151
Districtsp. 152
Draftingp. 155
E Elections, Congressional: Theory and Lawp. 157
Elections, Congressional: Becoming a Candidatep. 160
Elections, Congressional: Nomination to Candidacyp. 165
Elections, Congressional: Congressional Campaignsp. 167
Elections, Congressional: Votingp. 172
Emergency Powersp. 178
Enacting Clausep. 179
Enforcementp. 179
Ethics and Corruption in Congressp. 180
Expedited Considerationp. 189
Expungementp. 190
Extensions of Remarksp. 190
F Filibusterp. 192
Five-Minute Rulep. 194
Freshmenp. 194
G Gag Rulep. 196
Galleriesp. 196
General Accounting Officep. 197
Gerrymanderingp. 200
Government Printing Officep. 203
Grant-in-Aidp. 204
H House Bankp. 206
House of Representatives: An Overviewp. 207
House of Representatives: Daily Sessions of the Housep. 212
House of Representatives: House Rules and Proceduresp. 214
I Implied Powersp. 221
Incumbencyp. 221
Inspector General of the Housep. 222
Interest Groupsp. 223
Interstate Compactsp. 229
Investigationsp. 230
J Joint Sessions and Meetingsp. 236
Journalsp. 237
Judicial Reviewp. 237
Judiciary and Congressp. 241
K Lame Duck Sessionp. 247
Lawmakingp. 247
Leadership: House Leadershipp. 255
Leadership: Senate Leadershipp. 261
Legislative Courtsp. 269
Legislative Dayp. 270
Legislative Initiativep. 270
Legislative Intentp. 272
Libraries of the House and Senatep. 275
Library Committee, Jointp. 276
Library of Congressp. 277
Lobbyingp. 281
M Managersp. 290
Mavericksp. 290
Members: Daily Life and Routine in the Housep. 291
Members: Daily Life and Routine in the Senatep. 294
Members: Qualificationsp. 297
Members: Tenure and Turnoverp. 299
Motions: In the Housep. 301
Motions: In the Senatep. 302
O Oath of Officep. 303
Objectorsp. 303
Office of Technology Assessment (OTA)p. 303
One-Minute Speechesp. 305
Ordersp. 306
Oversightp. 307
P Pagesp. 311
Pairingp. 312
Parliamentarian: House Parliamentarianp. 312
Parliamentarian: Senate Parliamentarianp. 313
Points of Orderp. 314
Political Partiesp. 315
Pork Barrelp. 325
Postal Servicep. 326
Precedents: House Precedentsp. 327
Precedents: Senate Precedentsp. 328
President and Congressp. 329
President Pro Tempore of the Senatep. 337
Presiding Officerp. 337
Previous Questionp. 338
Public Landsp. 338
Public Lawp. 344
Q Quorump. 346
Quorum Call: In the Housep. 347
Quorum Call: In the Senatep. 347
R Recognitionp. 348
Recommittalp. 349
Reconciliationp. 350
Reconsider, Motion to: In the Housep. 350
Reconsider, Motion to: In the Senatep. 350
Records of Debatep. 351
Reorganization of Congressp. 352
Resolutionsp. 357
Ridersp. 358
Rule, Specialp. 359
S Secrecy of Congressp. 361
Secretary of the Senatep. 362
Senate: An Overviewp. 363
Senate: Daily Sessions of the Senatep. 368
Senate: Senate Rules and Proceduresp. 369
Seniorityp. 373
Sessions of Congressp. 376
Shadow Senatorsp. 379
Speaker of the Housep. 380
Special Electionsp. 384
Speech or Debate Clausep. 384
Sponsorshipp. 385
Staffingp. 386
Subcommitteesp. 394
Subpoena Powerp. 396
Suspension of the Rulesp. 397
T Tablingp. 398
Treatiesp. 398
U Unanimous Consentp. 404
V Vacancyp. 405
Veto: Presidential Vetop. 406
W Witnesses, Rights ofp. 410
Part 2 Executive Branch
Executive Departmentsp. 415
Executive Powerp. 423
A Accountability, Presidentialp. 430
Act of State Doctrinep. 433
Agriculture, Department ofp. 434
Air Forcep. 437
Ambassadors, Receiving and Appointingp. 438
Amnestyp. 440
Appointment Powerp. 441
Arms Control and Disarmament Agencyp. 448
Armyp. 450
Atomic Energy Commissionp. 453
Attorney Generalp. 454
B Benefits, Presidentialp. 457
Benefits to Former Presidentsp. 458
Boxscores, Presidentialp. 459
Budget Policyp. 460
C Cabinetp. 466
Campaign Financesp. 472
Caucuses, Presidentialp. 476
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)p. 478
Chief Executivep. 481
Civil Servicep. 486
Classified Informationp. 491
Coast Guardp. 494
Commander in Chiefp. 495
Commerce, Department ofp. 499
Commissions, Presidentialp. 502
Congress, White House Influence onp. 505
Council of Economic Advisers (CEA)p. 509
Crisis Managementp. 510
D Defense, Department ofp. 514
Departmental Secretariesp. 516
Diplomat in Chiefp. 519
Domestic Policy Adviserp. 522
E Education, Department ofp. 524
Electoral Collegep. 525
Emergency Powersp. 530
Energy, Department ofp. 534
Executive Agreementsp. 535
Executive Office of the President (EOP)p. 538
Executive Ordersp. 541
Executive Prerogativep. 544
Executive Privilegep. 546
F Faithful Execution Clausep. 550
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)p. 552
Federal Election Commission (FEC)p. 554
Federal Reserve Systemp. 555
Finding, Presidentialp. 556
First Ladiesp. 557
First Lady's Officep. 564
Foreign Affairs: An Overviewp. 566
G General Accounting Office (GAO)p. 573
H Health and Human Services, Department ofp. 575
High Crimes and Misdemeanorsp. 577
Honeymoon Periodp. 578
Housing and Urban Development, Department ofp. 579
I Immunity, Presidentialp. 583
Impeachmentp. 584
Implied Powersp. 589
Inaugural Addressesp. 591
Inaugurationp. 595
Independent Commissionsp. 597
Independent Counselp. 599
Information Security Oversight Office (ISOO)p. 600
Inherent Powersp. 601
Inspectors Generalp. 603
Interior, Department of thep. 605
Investigations, Congressionalp. 607
J Joint Chiefs of Staffp. 610
Judges, Appointment ofp. 611
Judiciary, Federalp. 615
Justice, Department ofp. 619
L Labor, Department ofp. 623
M Marine Corpsp. 626
Medals, Presidentialp. 627
Media and the Presidentp. 628
N National Economic Council (NEC)p. 632
National Security Adviserp. 632
National Security Council (NSC)p. 634
Navyp. 635
Negotiation, Power ofp. 637
O Oath of Office, Presidentialp. 639
Office for Emergency Management (OEM)p. 639
Office of Administrationp. 640
Office of Intergovernmental Relations (OIR)p. 641
Office of Legal Counsel (OLC)p. 642
Office of Management and Budget (OMB)p. 643
Office of Personnel Management (OPM)p. 647
Office of Policy Development (OPD)p. 649
Office of Presidential Personnel (OPP)p. 651
Office of Public Liaison (OPL)p. 653
Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP)p. 654
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR)p. 655
Option Papersp. 656
Outside Income, Executivep. 657
Oval Officep. 658
Oversight, Congressionalp. 658
P Pardon Powerp. 663
Party Leader, President asp. 666
Patronagep. 671
Peace Corpsp. 674
Policy, Presidentialp. 674
Polls and Popularityp. 676
Postmaster Generalp. 678
Presentation Clausep. 678
President (Title)p. 679
President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB)p. 680
President's Intelligence Oversight Board (PIOB)p. 681
Press Conferencesp. 682
Primaries, Presidentialp. 684
Private Envoysp. 688
Proclamationsp. 690
Protocol, Presidentialp. 693
Q Qualifications for Presidentp. 697
R Recess Appointmentsp. 700
Recognition Powerp. 701
Removal Powerp. 703
Reorganization Powerp. 705
Rulemaking Powerp. 708
S Science Adviserp. 711
Secret Servicep. 712
Senior Executive Service (SES)p. 713
Separation of Powersp. 714
Signing Statements, Presidentialp. 717
Solicitor Generalp. 718
Speechwriters, Presidentialp. 720
State, Department ofp. 721
State of the Union Messagesp. 724
Succession, Presidentialp. 725
T Term and Tenurep. 730
Transportation, Department ofp. 732
Treasury, Department of thep. 734
Treaty-Making Powerp. 737
Treaty Terminationp. 741
Two-Term Traditionp. 743
U United States Postal Servicep. 745
V Veterans Affairs, Department ofp. 746
Veto, Pocketp. 747
Veto, Regularp. 749
Vice Presidentp. 752
W War, Declaration ofp. 760
White House Advisersp. 762
White House Bureaucracyp. 764
White House Chief of Staffp. 767
White House Counselp. 768
White House Officep. 770
White House Office of Communicationsp. 771
White House Press Secretaryp. 773
Part 3 Judicial Branch
The Federal Court Systemp. 777
A The Adversary Systemp. 791
Appeals and Appellate Practicep. 803
C Certiorarip. 816
Circuit Courtsp. 826
Claims Courtp. 829
The Criminal Justice Systemp. 829
D Discoveryp. 846
Due Process of Lawp. 859
J Judicial Conference of the United Statesp. 871
Judicial Reviewp. 872
Judicial Selectionp. 883
The Judiciaryp. 896
Jurisdictionp. 908
L The Legal Profession and Legal Ethicsp. 924
Legal Reasoningp. 938
P Plea Bargainingp. 952
Prosecutorsp. 961
S Sentencing Alternativesp. 973
State Court Systemsp. 980
Supreme Court at Workp. 997
The Supreme Court of the United Statesp. 1006
Supreme Court's Work Loadp. 1021
T Trial Courts and Practicep. 1024
Trial Juries and Grand Juriesp. 1036
U United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuitp. 1051
United States Courts of Appealsp. 1051
United States District Courtsp. 1054
Appendixp. 1059
Indexp. 1071