Cover image for Jesus, justice, and the reign of God : a ministry of liberation
Jesus, justice, and the reign of God : a ministry of liberation
Herzog, William R.
Personal Author:
First edition.
Publication Information:
Louisville, Ky. : Westminster John Knox Press, [2000]

Physical Description:
xv, 316 pages ; 23 cm
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
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BT303.2 .H44 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

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By building on his view of Jesus first developed in Parables as Subversive Speech , William Herzog II argues that Jesus is intensely interested in the social, political, and economic well-being of humanity. He examines the conflict stories, exorcisms/healings, and the passion narrative to develop his thesis and, in the final chapter, he interprets the resurrection in light of this viewpoint.

Table of Contents

Introductionp. xi
Abbreviationsp. xiv
Part 1. The Continuing Quest for the Historical Jesus
1. The "Third Quest" in Contextp. 3
1906: The Quest for the Historical Jesus and the Discovery of the Apocalyptic Jesusp. 4
1906-1953: The Abandoned Quest for the Historical Jesus and the Search for the Kerygma of the Early Churchp. 8
1953-1970: The New Quest for the Historical Jesus and the Discovery of the Existentialist Jesusp. 12
1970-Present: The Third Quest for the Historical Jesus, Diverse Methods, and a Fragmented Synthesisp. 18
Conclusionp. 33
2. Models and Methods in the Quest for the Historical Jesusp. 34
The Jesus of the Gapsp. 34
The Search for Criteria and Methodp. 36
A Part of the Whole Jesusp. 42
The Rejection of the Misguided Questp. 44
Conclusion: The Necessity of the Continuing Questp. 46
3. Prophet of the Justice of the Reign of God: An Approach to the Historical Jesusp. 47
Jesus as a Prophet in the Gospelsp. 47
Prophets in the Sayings of Jesus and the Gospel Traditionsp. 49
Types of Prophets in the Second Temple Era and Time of Jesusp. 51
Israel's Prophetic Tradition in Historical Perspectivep. 60
Jesus as Prophet of the Justice of the Reign of Godp. 63
Conclusionp. 70
Part 2. Jesus of Nazareth: A Contextual Approach
4. The Search for a Usable Context: Biblical Criticism and the Historical Jesusp. 72
The Problem of Defining Contextp. 72
Form Criticism and the "Setting in Life"p. 73
Redaction Criticism and the Context of the Evangelistp. 80
Literary Criticisms and Narrative Worldsp. 83
The Use of the Social Sciences and the Question of Contextp. 86
Conclusionp. 89
5. The Quest for the Historical Jesus and the Quest for the Historical Galilee: Jesus in the World of Agrarian Societies, Aristocratic Empires, and Colonized Peoplesp. 90
Advanced Agrarian Societies and Aristocratic Empiresp. 90
The Two Faces of Colonial Occupation: Local Aristocracies and Client Kingshipp. 102
Part 3. Jesus the Prophet and the Praxis of the Justice of the Reign of God: Conflicts in Context
6. "Something Greater than the Temple Is Here": Subverting the "Cave of Social Bandits"p. 111
A Reading of the Temple Incidentp. 111
The Role of the Temple in Agrarian Societies and Aristocratic Empires: Legitimizing the Powers That Bep. 112
Jesus and the Templep. 123
Conclusionp. 143
7. "What Is Written? How Do You Read?" The Torah: Debt, Purity, and Social Controlp. 144
The Quest for the Historical Synagoguep. 144
Who Were the Pharisees?p. 147
The Great Tradition and the Little Traditionp. 149
Jesus and the Torahp. 155
8. Resistance and Conflict: Jesus' Healings and Debatesp. 168
"The Weightier Matters of the Torah" (Matt. 23:23)p. 168
Conclusionp. 190
9. The Temple, the Land, and the Reign of Godp. 191
The Land and the Temple: An Indissoluble Bond?p. 191
Conclusionp. 216
Part 4. O Jerusalem, Jerusalem: The "Show Trial" in Jerusalem
10. The "Show Trial" in Jerusalem: "Why? What Evil Has He Done?"p. 218
The Rap Sheet on Jesusp. 218
The Show Trial in Jerusalemp. 240
Conclusionp. 245
11. A Concluding Unhistorical Postscriptp. 247
Why Seek the Living among the Dead?p. 247
Jesus and Christologyp. 251
Conclusionp. 255
Notesp. 257
Bibliographyp. 291
Index of Scripture and Other Ancient Sourcesp. 311