Cover image for Opposing viewpoints in social issues
Title:
Opposing viewpoints in social issues
Author:
Dudley, William, 1964-
Publication Information:
San Diego, CA : Greenhaven Press, 2000.
Physical Description:
360 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm.
Language:
English
Contents:
Can gun control laws prevent violence? -- Is abortion justifiable? -- Is affirmative action necessary? -- Is alcohol beneficial for human health? -- Is the death penalty a just and effective punishment? -- Should assisted suicide be legal? -- Should limits be placed on genetic engineering? -- What should govern public health policies on smoking?
Subject Term:
Added Author:
ISBN:
9780737701227

9780737701234
Format :
Book

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Lancaster Library HN59.2 .S624 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Open Shelf
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Anna M. Reinstein Library HN59.2 .S624 2000 Adult Non-Fiction Open Shelf
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Summary

Summary

This anthology gathers in one volume clashing arguments covering eight of today's hottest social controversies. Chapters include: Is the Death Penalty a Just and Effective Punishment? What Ethics Should Govern Abortion? Should Affirmative Action Be Utilized to Remedy Discrimination? What Should Govern Public Health Policies on Smoking? Is Alcohol Beneficial for Human Health? Should Limits Be Placed on Genetic Engineering? Should Euthanasia Be Allowed? Can Gun Control Laws Prevent Violence?


Summary

This anthology gathers in one volume clashing arguments covering eight of today's hottest social controversies. Chapters include: Is the Death Penalty a just and Effective Punishment? What Ethics Should Govern Abortion? Should Affirmative Action Be Utilized to Remedy Discrimination? What Should Govern Public Health Policies on Smoking? Is Alcohol Beneficial for Human Health? Should Limits Be Placed on Genetic Engineering? Should Euthanasia Be Allowed? Can Gun Control Laws Prevent Violence?


Reviews 4

Booklist Review

Gr. 9^-12. Rather than tackle a single controversial topic, this hefty volume from the Opposing Viewpoints series offers six diverse, well-written essays on each of eight separate social issues. The sections on abortion and smoking traverse familiar territory, but other subjects are more thoroughly or dramatically covered. With graphic examples, the death penalty essays relate some gruesome executions and the moral questions that result. Arguments on assisted suicide and affirmative action (for both racial minorities and women) are heated. The chapter on gun control concentrates almost exclusively on determining whether the U.S. laws and firearms policies account for the nation's high murder rate. Rounding out the coverage are essays on the effects of alcohol on health, and ethical questions about genetic engineering. In all cases, the essays provide much for readers to absorb, and plenty of data for speeches and reports. Contact lists, a bibliography, and an extensive index should prove helpful in research. --Roger Leslie


School Library Journal Review

Gr 9 Up-This volume presents debates on current pressing social issues such as gun control, abortion, affirmative action, alcohol, the death penalty, euthanasia, genetic engineering, and public health. Each section presents a chapter overview and six brief readings about the topic under discussion (three in support of and three in opposition to). Each essay is prefaced by a set of questions that guides students to examine critically the various issues. Written by journalists, professors, researchers, medical ethicists, a rape victim, a Catholic nun, and others, these articles are clear and concise. Though most of the pieces were originally published within the last three years, a few date back to the early `90s. A list of organizations to contact, an extensive bibliography, and a detailed index make the information easily accessible. An excellent resource for debate and speech classes.-Lorie Bruns, Grapevine High School, TX (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Booklist Review

Gr. 9^-12. Rather than tackle a single controversial topic, this hefty volume from the Opposing Viewpoints series offers six diverse, well-written essays on each of eight separate social issues. The sections on abortion and smoking traverse familiar territory, but other subjects are more thoroughly or dramatically covered. With graphic examples, the death penalty essays relate some gruesome executions and the moral questions that result. Arguments on assisted suicide and affirmative action (for both racial minorities and women) are heated. The chapter on gun control concentrates almost exclusively on determining whether the U.S. laws and firearms policies account for the nation's high murder rate. Rounding out the coverage are essays on the effects of alcohol on health, and ethical questions about genetic engineering. In all cases, the essays provide much for readers to absorb, and plenty of data for speeches and reports. Contact lists, a bibliography, and an extensive index should prove helpful in research. --Roger Leslie


School Library Journal Review

Gr 9 Up-This volume presents debates on current pressing social issues such as gun control, abortion, affirmative action, alcohol, the death penalty, euthanasia, genetic engineering, and public health. Each section presents a chapter overview and six brief readings about the topic under discussion (three in support of and three in opposition to). Each essay is prefaced by a set of questions that guides students to examine critically the various issues. Written by journalists, professors, researchers, medical ethicists, a rape victim, a Catholic nun, and others, these articles are clear and concise. Though most of the pieces were originally published within the last three years, a few date back to the early `90s. A list of organizations to contact, an extensive bibliography, and a detailed index make the information easily accessible. An excellent resource for debate and speech classes.-Lorie Bruns, Grapevine High School, TX (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Table of Contents

Richard HarwoodDaniel D. PolsbyJeffrey R. SnyderDouglas Weil and Bill KolenderJay NixonJohn R. Lott Jr.Benjamin J. SteinPaul SavoyBarbara HernandezAmerican Life LeagueDavid C. ReardonSharon LernerHilary O. SheltonJohn O'SullivanNathan GlazerCarl CohenJudy L. Lichtman and Jocelyn C. Frye and Helen NortonSusan Au AllenWine InstituteMichael H. CriquiStanton PeeleRobert ZimmermanMarch of DimesErnest L. AbelRobert James BidinottoHelen PrejeanGeorge PatakiHugo Adam BedauJesse JacksonDavid Andrew PriceFaye GirshEzekiel EmanuelArthur RifkinCharles J. ChaputDerek Humphry and Mary ClementEvan J. Kemp Jr.James D. WatsonDavid KingJohn F. KilnerJohn A. RobertsonJohn B. FaganDennis AveryJoseph L. Andrews Jr.John E. CalfeeJohn R. GarrisonJacob SullumTamar NordenbergRichard J. DeGrandpreRichard HarwoodDaniel D. PolsbyJeffrey R. SnyderDouglas Weil and Bill KolenderJay NixonJohn R. Lott Jr.Benjamin J. SteinPaul SavoyBarbara HernandezAmerican Life LeagueDavid C. ReardonSharon LernerHilary O. SheltonJohn O'SullivanNathan GlazerCarl CohenJudy L. Lichtman and Jocelyn C. Frye and Helen NortonSusan Au AllenWine InstituteMichael H. CriquiStanton PeeleRobert ZimmermanMarch of DimesErnest L. AbelRobert James BidinottoHelen PrejeanGeorge PatakiHugo Adam BedauJesse JacksonDavid Andrew PriceFaye GirshEzekiel EmanuelArthur RifkinCharles J. ChaputDerek Humphry and Mary ClementEvan J. Kemp Jr.James D. WatsonDavid KingJohn F. KilnerJohn A. RobertsonJohn B. FaganDennis AveryJoseph L. Andrews Jr.John E. CalfeeJohn R. GarrisonJacob SullumTamar NordenbergRichard J. DeGrandpre
Why Consider Opposing Viewpoints?p. 11
Introductionp. 15
Chapter 1 Can Gun Control Laws Prevent Violence?
Chapter Prefacep. 18
1 The Prevalence of Guns Contributes to Violent Crimep. 20
2. The Prevalence of Guns Does Not Contribute to Violent Crimep. 24
3. Allowing People to Carry Concealed Handguns Reduces Violent Crimep. 32
4. Allowing People to Carry Concealed Handguns Will Increase Violent Crimep. 39
5. Guns Should Be Banned from Schoolsp. 44
6. Adults Should Be Permitted to Carry Guns in Schoolsp. 47
Chapter 2 Is Abortion Justifiable?
Chapter Prefacep. 52
1. Abortion Is Murderp. 54
2. Abortion Is Not Murderp. 58
3. Rape Justifies Abortionp. 62
4. Rape Does Not Justify Abortionp. 66
5. Having an Abortion Can Be Harmful to a Woman's Healthp. 70
6. The Harms of Having an Abortion Have Been Exaggeratedp. 76
Chapter 3 Is Affirmative Action Necessary?
Chapter Prefacep. 85
1. Affirmative Action Counters Discriminationp. 87
2. Affirmative Action Is an Ineffective Remedy for Discriminationp. 93
3. Racial Preferences in Higher Education Are Necessaryp. 99
4. Racial Preferences in Higher Education Must Be Abolishedp. 110
5. Women Need Affirmative Action Programs to Fight Discriminationp. 121
6. Women Do Not Need Affirmative Action Programsp. 128
Chapter 4 Is Alcohol Beneficial for Human Health?
Chapter Prefacep. 136
1. Moderate Alcohol Consumption Reduces the Risk of Heart Diseasep. 138
2. Alcohol Should Not Be Touted as a Heart Disease Preventativep. 142
3. The Health Benefits of Moderate Drinking Should Be Promotedp. 146
4. The Health Benefits of Moderate Drinking Should Not Be Promotedp. 151
5. Pregnant Women Should Abstain from Alcohol to Prevent Birth Defectsp. 154
6. The Harms of Moderate Drinking During Pregnancy Have Been Overstatedp. 159
Chapter 5 Is the Death Penalty a Just and Effective Punishment?
Chapter Prefacep. 165
1. The Death Penalty Is Moralp. 167
2. The Death Penalty Is Immoralp. 175
3. The Death Penalty Deters Capital Crimesp. 185
4. The Death Penalty Does Not Deter Capital Crimesp. 190
5. The Death Penalty Discriminates Against African Americansp. 195
6. The Death Penalty Does Not Discriminate Against African Americansp. 200
Chapter 6 Should Assisted Suicide Be Legal?
Chapter Prefacep. 205
1. Physician-Assisted Suicide Should Be Legalizedp. 207
2. Physician-Assisted Suicide Should Not Be Legalizedp. 213
3. Assisted Suicide Can Be a Compassionate Response to the Dyingp. 223
4. Assisted Suicide Is an Immoral Response to the Dyingp. 228
5. Legalizing Assisted Suicide May Become Necessary to Cut Health Care Costsp. 232
6. Cutting Health Care Costs Cannot Justify Legalizing Assisted Suicidep. 239
Chapter 7 Should Limits Be Placed on Genetic Engineering?
Chapter Prefacep. 245
1. Genetic Engineering of Humans Should Be Permittedp. 247
2. Genetic Engineering of Humans Should Not Be Permittedp. 251
3. Human Cloning Should Be Bannedp. 255
4. Human Cloning Should Not Be Bannedp. 260
5. Restrictions Should Be Placed on the Genetic Engineering of Foodp. 268
6. Restrictions Should Not Be Placed on the Genetic Engineering of Foodp. 276
Chapter 8 What Should Govern Public Health Policies on Smoking?
Chapter Prefacep. 285
1. Public Health Policy Should Emphasize Corporate Responsibilityp. 288
2. Public Health Policy Should Emphasize Individual Responsibilityp. 300
3. The Threat of Secondhand Smoke Justifies Smoking Restrictionsp. 307
4. The Threat of Secondhand Smoke Has Been Overstatedp. 313
5. Smoking Should Be Treated as Nicotine Addictionp. 319
6. Smoking Is Not a Simple Matter of Nicotine Addictionp. 324
Organizations to Contactp. 330
Bibliographyp. 338
Indexp. 348
Why Consider Opposing Viewpoints?p. 11
Introductionp. 15
Chapter 1 Can Gun Control Laws Prevent Violence?
Chapter Prefacep. 18
1 The Prevalence of Guns Contributes to Violent Crimep. 20
2. The Prevalence of Guns Does Not Contribute to Violent Crimep. 24
3. Allowing People to Carry Concealed Handguns Reduces Violent Crimep. 32
4. Allowing People to Carry Concealed Handguns Will Increase Violent Crimep. 39
5. Guns Should Be Banned from Schoolsp. 44
6. Adults Should Be Permitted to Carry Guns in Schoolsp. 47
Chapter 2 Is Abortion Justifiable?
Chapter Prefacep. 52
1. Abortion Is Murderp. 54
2. Abortion Is Not Murderp. 58
3. Rape Justifies Abortionp. 62
4. Rape Does Not Justify Abortionp. 66
5. Having an Abortion Can Be Harmful to a Woman's Healthp. 70
6. The Harms of Having an Abortion Have Been Exaggeratedp. 76
Chapter 3 Is Affirmative Action Necessary?
Chapter Prefacep. 85
1. Affirmative Action Counters Discriminationp. 87
2. Affirmative Action Is an Ineffective Remedy for Discriminationp. 93
3. Racial Preferences in Higher Education Are Necessaryp. 99
4. Racial Preferences in Higher Education Must Be Abolishedp. 110
5. Women Need Affirmative Action Programs to Fight Discriminationp. 121
6. Women Do Not Need Affirmative Action Programsp. 128
Chapter 4 Is Alcohol Beneficial for Human Health?
Chapter Prefacep. 136
1. Moderate Alcohol Consumption Reduces the Risk of Heart Diseasep. 138
2. Alcohol Should Not Be Touted as a Heart Disease Preventativep. 142
3. The Health Benefits of Moderate Drinking Should Be Promotedp. 146
4. The Health Benefits of Moderate Drinking Should Not Be Promotedp. 151
5. Pregnant Women Should Abstain from Alcohol to Prevent Birth Defectsp. 154
6. The Harms of Moderate Drinking During Pregnancy Have Been Overstatedp. 159
Chapter 5 Is the Death Penalty a Just and Effective Punishment?
Chapter Prefacep. 165
1. The Death Penalty Is Moralp. 167
2. The Death Penalty Is Immoralp. 175
3. The Death Penalty Deters Capital Crimesp. 185
4. The Death Penalty Does Not Deter Capital Crimesp. 190
5. The Death Penalty Discriminates Against African Americansp. 195
6. The Death Penalty Does Not Discriminate Against African Americansp. 200
Chapter 6 Should Assisted Suicide Be Legal?
Chapter Prefacep. 205
1. Physician-Assisted Suicide Should Be Legalizedp. 207
2. Physician-Assisted Suicide Should Not Be Legalizedp. 213
3. Assisted Suicide Can Be a Compassionate Response to the Dyingp. 223
4. Assisted Suicide Is an Immoral Response to the Dyingp. 228
5. Legalizing Assisted Suicide May Become Necessary to Cut Health Care Costsp. 232
6. Cutting Health Care Costs Cannot Justify Legalizing Assisted Suicidep. 239
Chapter 7 Should Limits Be Placed on Genetic Engineering?
Chapter Prefacep. 245
1. Genetic Engineering of Humans Should Be Permittedp. 247
2. Genetic Engineering of Humans Should Not Be Permittedp. 251
3. Human Cloning Should Be Bannedp. 255
4. Human Cloning Should Not Be Bannedp. 260
5. Restrictions Should Be Placed on the Genetic Engineering of Foodp. 268
6. Restrictions Should Not Be Placed on the Genetic Engineering of Foodp. 276
Chapter 8 What Should Govern Public Health Policies on Smoking?
Chapter Prefacep. 285
1. Public Health Policy Should Emphasize Corporate Responsibilityp. 288
2. Public Health Policy Should Emphasize Individual Responsibilityp. 300
3. The Threat of Secondhand Smoke Justifies Smoking Restrictionsp. 307
4. The Threat of Secondhand Smoke Has Been Overstatedp. 313
5. Smoking Should Be Treated as Nicotine Addictionp. 319
6. Smoking Is Not a Simple Matter of Nicotine Addictionp. 324
Organizations to Contactp. 330
Bibliographyp. 338
Indexp. 348

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