Cover image for Increasing a sense of community in the military : the role of personnel support programs
Increasing a sense of community in the military : the role of personnel support programs
Van Laar, Colette.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Santa Monica, CA : RAND, 1999.
Physical Description:
xvii, 68 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
General Note:
"National Defense Research Institute."

"Prepared for the Office of the Secretary of Defense."
Subject Term:
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
UH755 .V35 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks-Non circulating

On Order



A universally accepted definition of what a sense of community is remains elusive, but policymakers agree that increasing that sense has tangible benefits for the U.S. military in improvements to commitment, performance, retention, and readiness. This report examines the role of the Defense Department's personnel support programs and focuses on nine tools for increasing sense of community: group symbols, rewards and honors, common external threat, making military membership attractive, group size and individuality, personal influence, personal investment, contact and proximity, and group activities. The report also analyzes which groups would most benefit from programs to increase a sense of community and how to avoid pitfalls when attempting to increase that sense.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. iii
Figuresp. ix
Summaryp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xvii
Chapter 1 Introductionp. 1
Chapter 2 What is Sense of Community?p. 5
Chapter 3 The Importance of Sense of Communityp. 9
Chapter 4 How to Increase Sense of Community and Commitmentp. 23
Chapter 5 Subgroups with Specific Sense of Community Concernsp. 35
Chapter 6 Four Kinds of Communitiesp. 41
Chapter 7 Studying Sense of Community in the Militaryp. 43
Chapter 8 Avoiding Possible Adverse Consequences of Increasing Sense of Communityp. 47
Chapter 9 Conclusionsp. 53
Referencesp. 57