Cover image for Natural environmental change : the last 3 million years
Title:
Natural environmental change : the last 3 million years
Author:
Mannion, Antoinette M.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
London ; New York : Routledge, 1999.
Physical Description:
xiii, 198 pages : illustrations, maps ; 26 cm.
Language:
English
Reading Level:
1460 Lexile.
ISBN:
9780415139328

9780415139335
Format :
Book

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Summary

Summary

Natural Environmental Change offers a concise introduction to this key topic in the study of the environment, geography, and earth science. Illustrated throughout, each chapter provides a broad spectrum of international case studies and further reading guides. Introductory chapters examine the theories of environmental change and provide a summary of Earth history. The records of environmnetal change are then explained, as revealed by data from various archives such as ocean sediment, ice core, terrestrial deposits such as glacial moraines and lake sediments, tree rings, and historical and meteorological records. Final chapters detail the changes that have occured in high, middle and low lattitudes, and the book concludes with a critical assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of current understanding. An extensive bibliography will also prove invaluable to those studying in this area.


Reviews 1

Choice Review

Mannion surveys natural (nonanthropogenic) environmental change principally during the Quaternary, nicely integrating global and region specific information and cleverly highlighting the fact that while some climate perturbations were global in extent, others were characterized by highly regional responses. However, the text is highly qualitative and lacks a little in specificity, certainly limiting the utility of the book. The reader is constrained to using figures provided with no comprehension of how one might calculate these values, and what the possible sources of uncertainty are in, for example, calculating the age of ice as a function of depth. In future volumes the author might consider expanding the specific discussion of the causes of environmental change (it is currently confined to four pages) and providing more quantitative information regarding how climate inferences are drawn from the proxy data sources considered in detail in chapters 3-6. Despite these criticisms, the book will certainly provide a tool for introducing students without science backgrounds to many of the key concepts in global and regional environmental change and the proxy data sources used to reconstruct past climate and environmental conditions. Chapter summaries of major points; comprehensive bibliography; detailed glossary. General readers; lower-division undergraduates; two-year technical program students. S. C. Pryor Indiana University


Table of Contents

Series editors' prefacep. ix
List of figuresp. xi
List of tablesp. xiv
List of boxesp. xv
Author's prefacep. xvi
Acknowledgementsp. xvii
Chapter 1 Introductionp. 1
Chapter 2 Natural environmental change: the long-term geological recordp. 15
Chapter 3 The record of environmental change in ocean sedimentsp. 33
Chapter 4 The record of environmental change in ice coresp. 50
Chapter 5 The record of environmental change in continental archivesp. 64
Chapter 6 The record of environmental change in tree rings and historical and meteorological recordsp. 90
Chapter 7 Environmental change in high latitudesp. 106
Chapter 8 Environmental change in middle latitudesp. 123
Chapter 9 Environmental change in low latitudesp. 147
Chapter 10 Conclusionsp. 164
Glossaryp. 172
Bibliographyp. 177
Indexp. 193