Cover image for The complete idiot's guide to decoding your genes
Title:
The complete idiot's guide to decoding your genes
Author:
Tagliaferro, Linda.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
New York, NY : Alpha Books, [1999]

©1999
Physical Description:
xxiii, 383 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Language:
English
Added Author:
ISBN:
9780028635866
Format :
Book

Available:*

Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library QH431 .T35 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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Summary

Summary

How do physical traits get passed down from parents to offspring? This text uses everyday language to show readers how genes shape who and what they are, helping them determine which of their characteristics are genetic and which are learned.


Author Notes

Linda Tagliaferro, a journalist and author, contributes regularly to The New York Times. She is the author of five books, including Genetic Engineering: Progress or Peril? She lives in the New York area.
Mark Vincent Bloom, Ph.D., former assistant director of the DNA Learning Center, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, is presently at the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS) in Colorado. He earned his Ph.D. in biology from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and his B.S. from Kent State University.


Table of Contents

Part 1 Welcome to the Age of Geneticsp. 1
1 Join the Genetic Revolutionp. 3
Everybody into the Gene Pool!p. 4
Inherited Misconceptionsp. 5
Mendel Was No Pea Brainp. 8
Altering Your Genesp. 9
The Human Genome Projectp. 11
2 Mendel: The Father of Geneticsp. 15
Minding His Peas and Pewsp. 15
The Seven Traits of Highly Effective Pea Plantsp. 17
Double-Crossed Genesp. 21
From Peas to Peoplep. 24
Life After Mendelp. 24
3 Mendel's Successorsp. 27
Are You Cell Conscious?p. 28
Following Mendel's Lawsp. 31
Of (Dead) Mice and (Live) Menp. 33
The Hunt for the Genep. 34
Hershey and Chase and the Bio-Blenderp. 36
4 Me, My Cell, and Ip. 39
Let's Celebrate Cellsp. 39
Bacteria: Keeping It Simplep. 40
You Carry Oatsp. 42
Ladies and Gentlemen, the Organellesp. 44
Down at the Plantp. 46
That's My Toe, Sisp. 46
My, Oh, Meiosisp. 48
Part 2 The ABCs of DNAp. 53
5 Nature's Blueprintp. 55
In the Beginning, There Was Atomp. 56
The Great Racep. 59
X-Rated Crystallography?p. 62
Watson and Crick: Playing with Beautiful Modelsp. 64
6 Assembling Your Genesp. 67
Splitting at the Seamsp. 67
Assembly Line Jeansp. 71
The Four-Letter Alphabetp. 72
Mutant Madnessp. 73
7 S, M, L, and XL Genesp. 79
One Size Does Not Fit Allp. 79
Is Bigger Better?p. 81
Junk DNAp. 81
Repeats and Other Genetic Mysteriesp. 84
Genetic Evolutionp. 85
8 Producing Proteinsp. 89
Types of Proteinsp. 90
Building Blocks: Amino Acidsp. 91
Molecular Origamip. 91
Some Assembly Required: Making Proteinsp. 92
Following Instructions: The Genetic Codep. 95
Finishing Touchesp. 97
Part 3 Faulty Blueprints: Mutations and Genetic Diseasesp. 99
9 Irregular Genesp. 101
What Are Mutations?p. 101
One Letter Offp. 104
Dangerous Deletionsp. 106
Stuck in the Middlep. 107
Trouble on the Chromosomep. 109
Queen Victoria and the Mutant Genep. 109
10 The X in Sexp. 113
What Is Sex?p. 114
Unisex Cellsp. 115
Testing for Genderp. 117
Superfemales and Other Variationsp. 119
Male Variationsp. 120
Imprinting: A Lasting Impressionp. 121
11 Gene Gangsp. 125
From Defects to Diseasesp. 126
Born or Bred?p. 127
The Cell Cyclep. 129
Studying Low Lifep. 131
Ganging Upp. 131
12 Mutations and Evolutionp. 135
A Natural Selection of Genesp. 136
The Origins of Lifep. 138
Your Molecular Clock Is Tickingp. 142
All About Mitochondrial Evep. 143
It's All Relativep. 145
Part 4 Manipulative Scientists: Genetic Engineering and Cloningp. 147
13 Cut-Down Genesp. 149
The Splice of Lifep. 150
Circles of DNAp. 150
Juggling Genesp. 151
Of Tadpoles and E. Coli Bacteriap. 153
Monkeying Around with Virusesp. 155
Genes for the Stock Marketp. 157
The Incredible Gene Machinesp. 158
14 Seedy Science: Engineering Plantsp. 161
Foods of the Futurep. 161
Beyond Selective Breedingp. 163
How Do They Do It?p. 164
Defense Plantsp. 167
One Hot Tomatop. 169
Green-Collar Workersp. 170
15 Down on the Pharm: Engineering Animalsp. 173
Molecular Pharmingp. 173
Supermice and Friendsp. 176
Creature Commoditiesp. 179
Popular Porkersp. 180
16 Send in the Clonesp. 183
Nature's Clonesp. 183
Hall of Famep. 185
Ewe Again?p. 186
Multiplying Mammalsp. 190
Saving Speciesp. 192
Be a Clonep. 193
Part 5 DNA Detectivesp. 195
17 Stories Genes Can Tellp. 197
Your Genetic ID Cardp. 197
Mama's Boyp. 201
PCR: The More the Merrierp. 202
Deadbeat Dads and DNAp. 205
Solved Mysteriesp. 207
18 DNA's Day in Courtp. 211
A Double Nightmarep. 211
DNA in the U.S.A.p. 213
Testing the Testsp. 218
O.J. and DNAp. 219
Defending "The Fugitive"p. 221
19 DNA Disease Diagnosisp. 225
How Do DNA Tests Work?p. 226
Many Causes, One Diseasep. 229
Breast Cancer and DNA Testsp. 229
Hunting for the Huntington's Genep. 231
Biochips Off the Old Blockp. 232
Worming a Way into DNAp. 234
Guidance Counselorsp. 235
20 Did Your Genes Make You Do It?p. 237
Do Twins Behave Identically?p. 238
Your Gender's in Your Genesp. 241
The Chemistry of Moodp. 244
Is There a Gene for Genius?p. 246
Part 6 Mending Your Genes: Gene Therapy and New Medicinesp. 249
21 The Human Genome Projectp. 251
The Holy Grailp. 252
Putting Genes on the Mapp. 255
Delving into DNAp. 256
A Race to the Finishp. 257
The Future of Genome Researchp. 260
22 What Is Gene Therapy?p. 263
A Genetic Challengep. 264
Ashanthi and the Misspelled Genep. 266
Special DNA Deliveriesp. 269
Creating Chromosomesp. 270
23 Molecular Medicinep. 273
Magic Bulletsp. 273
Designer Drugsp. 277
A Tall Talep. 280
Brave New Vaccinesp. 281
24 Sex Techs: Reproductive Technologiesp. 283
How Babies Are Madep. 284
Techno-Turmoilp. 286
Selecting Sexesp. 287
Examinations Before Birthp. 289
Designer Babies?p. 291
Part 7 Playing God? Ethical Issuesp. 293
25 Patents on Lifep. 295
Building Better Bacteriap. 296
Seeds of Discontentp. 298
Critter Controversiesp. 301
Patenting Peoplep. 304
26 Food for Thought: Are Biofoods Safe?p. 307
Tasty Cuisine or Frankenfoods?p. 307
Bio-Surprisesp. 311
The Economics of Foodp. 313
Growing Concernsp. 314
The Terminatorp. 315
27 Creature Concernsp. 319
Transplanting Hopesp. 320
Animal Welfarep. 322
A Breed Apartp. 325
A Great Escape?p. 327
Holy Cow!p. 328
28 People Problemsp. 331
How Important Are Genes?p. 332
Incurable Diseasesp. 335
Genetic Privacyp. 336
A Germ of an Ideap. 338
29 Should We Clone Around?p. 345
Dividing to Multiplyp. 346
Reasons to Replicatep. 347
A No Clone Zonep. 349
Identical, But Not the Samep. 351
Is Human Cloning Possible?p. 354
A Bad Seed?p. 355
Appendices
A Resourcesp. 357
Paternity/Identity Testingp. 357
Educationp. 357
Genetic Diseasesp. 358
Biotechnology and Bioethicsp. 358
B Genetic Jargonp. 359
C Selected Bibliographyp. 369
Indexp. 371

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