Cover image for The complete idiot's guide to weather
Title:
The complete idiot's guide to weather
Author:
Goldstein, Mel.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
New York : Alpha Books, [1999]

©1999
Physical Description:
xix, 358 pages : illustrations (some color), maps ; 23 cm.
General Note:
Includes index.
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780028627090
Format :
Book

Available:*

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Summary

Summary

Irreverent in approach, these guides include tips and advice from leading authorities, aiming to help with life's big decisions and challenges, as well as hobbies and sports. This work looks at climate change, global warming, air pollution, and changing weather patterns.


Author Notes

Dr. Mel Goldstein is Connecticut's premier meteorologist, forecasting the weather on "Good Morning Connecticut" on WTNH-TV New Haven/Hartford. He writes a daily column and prepares the weather pages for several Connecticut newspapers. He received his Ph.D. in Meteorology from the University of New York, started Connecticut's first Bachelor of Science program in Meteorology at Western Connecticut State University, and created and directed the school's Weather Center. Dr. Mel lives in Madison with his wife, Arlene, and their daughters Laura and Melody.


Table of Contents

Part 1 What Is This Thing Called Weather?p. 1
1 What Should I Wear?p. 3
Your 50-Year Forecastp. 3
How Did He Do That?p. 4
Playing the Oddsp. 5
Getting Down to Basicsp. 6
Red Skies at Nightp. 7
Blue Skies, Toop. 8
Know Which Way the Wind Blowsp. 9
Halos and Ringsp. 9
Storm Signalsp. 10
Forecasting from the Beginningp. 10
Going for the Goldp. 12
2 Partly to Mostly Cloudyp. 13
Moisture and Humidityp. 13
A Sense of Humidp. 16
Is It the Heat or the Humidity?p. 17
In the Cloudsp. 20
Cloud Formationp. 20
Cloud Classificationp. 21
Ten Major Cloud Typesp. 22
High Cloudsp. 23
Middle Cloudsp. 24
Low Cloudsp. 24
Foggy Notionsp. 24
Clouds with Vertical Developmentp. 25
Forecasting by Cloudsp. 26
3 Bring On the Rainp. 29
Droplet to Drop...How Rain Happensp. 29
Let's See What Sticksp. 30
Ice to the Rescuep. 31
Is There Enough Ice?p. 31
Types of Precipitationp. 31
Snowp. 32
Sleet and Hailp. 32
Freezing Rainp. 33
Fooling the Cloudsp. 34
Age of Experimentationp. 35
Raining on Our Paradep. 36
So Why Does It Rain?p. 36
Those Ups and Downsp. 38
4 Going in Circlesp. 41
Storms 'R' Usp. 41
Feeling the Pressurep. 42
Origin of Pressurep. 43
Normal Variationp. 45
High Points and Lowp. 47
What Makes the Weather Go 'Roundp. 48
What's in a Name?p. 51
Scales of Motionp. 52
Is It Getting Worse? The Naughty '90sp. 54
5 There's No Place Like Homep. 57
Thunderstormsp. 57
Stability and Instabilityp. 58
Lapse Ratesp. 59
Lightning Strikesp. 60
Avoid the Ashp. 62
Doing the Twistp. 63
The Chasep. 66
Staying Safe in a Stormp. 67
6 On Another Frontp. 69
Mass Appealp. 69
Birth of an Air Massp. 70
Going Hot and Coldp. 71
Feeling the Chillp. 72
Too Cold for Comfortp. 73
By the Seap. 73
Putting On the Heatp. 73
How Dry It Isp. 75
Putting Up a Frontp. 75
Front Rowp. 76
Frontal Attackp. 78
There's a Storm a-Brewin'p. 80
It Looks Like Rainp. 80
Stalled in Its Tracksp. 81
Storms on the Frontp. 81
Formation and Life Cyclep. 82
Of Nor'easters and Sou'westersp. 83
Telling What's Nextp. 84
7 Hurricanes: The Greatest Storms on Earthp. 87
It's Different in the Tropicsp. 88
How It Happensp. 89
The Name Gamep. 92
Hurricane Forecastingp. 93
The Triple Threatp. 94
Another Big One Coming?p. 96
Taming the Tigerp. 97
8 Blowing Cold and Hot: The Big Onesp. 99
Winter Gone Southp. 99
Big-City Snowsp. 100
Storm of the Century?p. 101
The Greatest One of Allp. 102
Modern Winter of Deep Snowsp. 104
Galveston Storm Surgep. 106
The Great New England Hurricanep. 106
The Fabulous '50s and Super '60sp. 107
Camillep. 108
Of Agnes, Gloria, and Hugop. 109
The Amazing Andrewp. 110
9 El Nino: The Grown-Up Childp. 113
New Kid on the Block?p. 113
The Connection Between the Sea and the Atmospherep. 114
Here Comes the Kidp. 117
Child's Playp. 118
Global Weather Extremesp. 119
The Wet Coastp. 119
South Americap. 120
Western Pacificp. 120
June in Januaryp. 120
Southern Floods and Tornadoesp. 121
Atlantic Hurricane Seasonp. 122
La Nina: The Kid's Sisterp. 122
Girl Powerp. 122
Fire and Icep. 122
What's Next?p. 123
Part 2 The Weather and Usp. 125
10 Warning: The Weather Can Be Hazardous to Your Healthp. 127
Weather and Healthp. 128
My Aching Backp. 129
If You Can't Stand the Heatp. 129
Catching the Common Coldp. 131
Those Nasty Allergiesp. 133
SAD and Other Moodsp. 134
11 Air Pollutionp. 137
The Main Playersp. 137
Here's the Dirtp. 138
Pollution Emissionsp. 140
It's a Gasp. 141
A Silent Killerp. 144
Out of the Bluep. 146
VOCsp. 147
Photochemical Smogp. 149
12 Control of Pollutionp. 153
Politics of Controlp. 153
It's a Nuisancep. 153
The Regulationsp. 154
How Are We Doing?p. 156
Engineering Techniquesp. 158
Change of Fuelsp. 158
Getting the Dirt Outp. 158
Degassingp. 159
The Infernal Combustion Enginep. 160
Weathering the Pollutionp. 161
Horizontal Dispersalp. 161
Vertical Mixingp. 162
Those Dirty Highsp. 163
Economics of Control--Can We Afford It?p. 164
13 Ozone--The Good and the Badp. 165
Old Solp. 165
Atomic-Powered Fireballp. 166
Crazy with the Heatp. 167
Atmospheric Structurep. 168
The Good Ozonep. 170
Ozone Hole--Here Today, Gone Tomorrow?p. 171
Changes in Ozonep. 173
Part 3 Climate and Global Changep. 175
14 Well-Seasonedp. 177
The Earth in Motionp. 177
The Seasonsp. 179
Sun Mattersp. 181
Scattering, Reflection, and Absorptionp. 181
Radiation Budgetp. 182
Balancing the Global Heat Budgetp. 184
Local Heat Budgetsp. 185
Ocean and Land Heatingp. 185
Monsoonsp. 186
Ups and Downsp. 188
15 Staying in Circulationp. 191
What Do We See--On the Average?p. 192
The Doldrumsp. 193
The Horse Latitudesp. 193
Polar Frontp. 194
What Sets Up the Global Pattern?p. 195
Unicellp. 196
Tri-Cellp. 197
Bi-Cellp. 198
Ocean Circulationsp. 199
16 Climatologyp. 203
Guess This Climatep. 203
Now Try to Guess This Climate, Toop. 204
Zone 1p. 205
Zone 2p. 205
Zone 3p. 206
Zone 4p. 206
Can You Name Continent X?p. 207
Climate Classificationp. 208
Tropical Moist Climates (A)p. 208
Dry Climates (B)p. 210
Mid-Latitude, Moist Subtropical Climates (C)p. 210
Moist Continental Climates (D)p. 211
Polar Climates (E)p. 211
Mapping It All Outp. 212
Going to Extremesp. 212
17 Are You Planning to Move?p. 215
Ideal Climatep. 215
Economics of Relocationp. 215
A Dew Point Reminderp. 217
Bring on the Chillp. 218
Climates of Selected Areasp. 219
Houston, Texasp. 219
Atlanta, Georgiap. 220
Phoenix, Arizonap. 220
Denver, Coloradop. 221
Orlando, Floridap. 222
Salt Lake City, Utahp. 222
Las Vegas, Nevadap. 223
Raleigh-Durham, North Carolinap. 223
Fresno, Californiap. 224
Cincinnati, Ohiop. 224
18 Climates Are Made to Be Brokenp. 227
Aging with a Glowp. 227
The Atomic Clock Is Tickingp. 227
Carbon Datingp. 228
Uranium Datingp. 230
It's a Very Old Earthp. 230
Evidence of Climate Changep. 232
The Last Two Million Yearsp. 233
The Last 500,000 Yearsp. 234
Climate of the Last 3,000 Yearsp. 235
The Climate of the Twentieth Centuryp. 236
19 Making the Change Happenp. 239
What's the Problem with Understanding Climate Change?p. 239
Plate Tectonics: Get My Drift?p. 240
Changes in Earth's Orbitp. 241
Eccentricity of Earth's Orbitp. 242
The Wobbling Earthp. 243
The Tilted Earthp. 243
Changes in Solar Outputp. 244
Volcanismp. 248
Carbon Dioxide and the Greenhouse Effectp. 249
20 The Greenhouse Warsp. 253
The Playersp. 253
Have We Really Warmed?p. 254
So, Where Are We Going?p. 258
What If We Really Do Warm Up?p. 260
The Negatives of Greenhouse Warmingp. 261
But There Are Positivesp. 262
So What Should We Do?p. 263
Part 4 Now for the Real Forecastp. 265
21 Measuring the Atmospherep. 267
The Take on Temperaturep. 267
Is the Pressure Getting to You?p. 271
The Wind in the Willowsp. 272
It's Not the Heat, It's the Humidityp. 273
Measuring the Rainp. 275
Placing the Instrumentsp. 276
Upper Air Observationsp. 276
Putting the Data Togetherp. 278
22 Radar and Satellitesp. 281
Radar--Scanning the Skiesp. 281
Doppler--The New Generationp. 284
Satellites--A Far-Out Lookp. 286
The Modern Erap. 288
Putting It All Togetherp. 289
So, Are the Forecasts Going to Be Better?p. 290
23 Let's See How It's Donep. 291
Sunday Night--The Night Before the Forecastp. 291
Early Monday Morning--Getting In to Workp. 293
Now for the Real Workp. 293
Checking Out the Datap. 293
Looking at the Surface Mapsp. 294
Going Into the Upper Airp. 296
Bring on the Machinesp. 300
What About the Five-Day Forecast?p. 302
Are We Ready?p. 303
24 Prediction by Numbersp. 305
Richardson's Experimentp. 306
Want to Try the Math?p. 306
Newton's Lawp. 306
Ideal Gas Lawp. 307
Thermodynamicsp. 307
The Dilemmap. 308
The Computer Agep. 308
A Brief History of the Computerp. 309
Putting the Machines to Workp. 310
Too Much of a Good Thingp. 312
The Machines Are Getting Betterp. 313
25 Making a Career Out of Itp. 315
Opening the Mailp. 315
What Would I Do?p. 316
Forecastingp. 316
Broadcastingp. 316
Consultingp. 317
Air Qualityp. 317
Computer Programmingp. 318
Research and Developmentp. 318
Teachingp. 319
Forensicsp. 319
Other Areas of Specializationp. 319
How Much Will I Earn?p. 320
How Do I Become a Meteorologist?p. 321
Will I Find a Job?p. 322
Appendices
A Weather-Speak Glossaryp. 325
B Earth and Climate Historyp. 333
C Weather Mapsp. 335
D Computer Forecastingp. 339
Indexp. 343