Cover image for The complete idiot's guide to the American Revolution
Title:
The complete idiot's guide to the American Revolution
Author:
Axelrod, Alan, 1952-
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Indianapolis : Alpha Books, [2000]

©2000
Physical Description:
xx, 396 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
Language:
English
ISBN:
9780028633794
Format :
Book

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Author Notes

Alan Axelrod was born on August 25, 1952, in New York. He was educated at Northeastern Illinois University and University of Iowa. He is a leading writer about American history, and is the author of The Complete Idiot's Guide to American History. In his books, Axelrod presents the facts, details, and faces that have helped shape the history of the United States.

Axelrod has served as a consultant to several museums and institutions. He has received numerous honors, including a National Cowboy Hall of Fame Award in 1991.

(Bowker Author Biography)


Table of Contents

Part 1 Prelude to Independencep. 1
1 Why Did Washington Cross the Delaware?p. 3
You Call This Tyranny?p. 3
Mother Knows Bestp. 5
You're Groundedp. 6
Identity Crisisp. 7
God Made Us Englishmenp. 7
Pay, Pay, Payp. 8
Taxation Without Representationp. 8
E Pluribus Unum and All Thatp. 9
2 In the Wake of Columbusp. 11
Why Europe Needed a New Worldp. 12
The Weaver's Sonp. 13
Hard Sellp. 14
Passage to Indiap. 14
Whose World Is It, Anyway?p. 15
Conquistadorsp. 15
Borderlandsp. 16
The First American Revolutionsp. 16
The Brits Weigh Inp. 17
King Henry's Sailorp. 18
Long Search for a Shortcutp. 18
The Starving Timep. 18
Phantom Colony at Roanokep. 18
The Jamestown Venturep. 19
3 The Colonial Wayp. 23
A New Israel in the New Worldp. 23
The Pilgrims' Progressp. 24
What Did the Mayflower Bring?p. 24
Plymouth Rock and a Hard Placep. 25
Many Mansions: Departures from the Puritan Pathp. 27
Freedom in Rhode Islandp. 28
Catholic Mary Landp. 28
Two Carolinasp. 29
Pennsylvania's Friendly Persuasionp. 29
Georgia: Prison and Utopiap. 30
Unwilling Immigrants: The Arrival of the Slavesp. 31
French Designsp. 33
Champlain, New World Boosterp. 33
The Sun King's Ambitionsp. 34
Dutch Treatp. 35
The Bonds of Commercep. 37
4 Wilderness Warsp. 41
New England Bleedsp. 42
Twilight of the Pequotsp. 42
The Costliest War in American Historyp. 44
The French and Indian Warsp. 46
King William's Warp. 46
Queen Anne's Warp. 48
Wars Against the Tuscarora and Yemaseep. 49
King George's Warp. 50
The French and Indian Warp. 52
France and England Stake Their Claimsp. 52
First in War: George Washington Fightsp. 53
"Who Would Have Thought It?"p. 55
Pitt Turns the Tidep. 57
The "Provincials" Learn a Lessonp. 59
5 All the King's Menp. 61
"A Clod of a Boy"p. 62
Writs of Assistancep. 63
Colonial Cash Cowp. 64
Pontiac Rebels and the King Draws a Linep. 65
No Taxation Without Representationp. 67
The Sugar Actp. 68
The Stamp Actp. 69
Quartering Actp. 70
The Stamp Act Congressp. 70
Townshend Tries to Cash Inp. 72
Letters Forged in the Fires of Libertyp. 73
Massachusetts Circular Letterp. 73
Farmer's Lettersp. 74
6 Regulators, Rioters, and a Massacre in Bostonp. 75
Falling Apart at the Frontierp. 75
The North Carolina "Regulators"p. 76
A Bloody Actp. 76
Crushed at Alamancep. 77
New Yorkers Fight the "Battle" of Golden Hillp. 78
The Liberty Affairp. 79
Unwelcome in Bostonp. 81
Taunts and Shots: The Boston Massacrep. 82
Counsel for the Defensep. 84
The Master of Propagandap. 85
7 Tea Parties and Sons of Libertyp. 87
Not-So-Secret Societiesp. 87
Rebels with a Causep. 88
A Reign of Tar and Feathersp. 89
The Gaspee Burnsp. 90
Sam Adams Brews a Revolutionp. 90
Anyone for Tea?p. 91
The Party's On!p. 92
The Intolerable Actsp. 93
The Martyrdom of Massachusettsp. 93
The Quebec Actp. 94
Rally 'Roundp. 95
Call for a Congress--and a False Startp. 95
Overturesp. 96
Part 2 Heard 'Round the Worldp. 99
8 The Midnight Ridep. 101
No Retreatp. 102
A Silversmith of Charlestownp. 103
Paul Revere's First Warningp. 104
Riders of the Nightp. 105
War Beginsp. 107
Misjudgment Both Waysp. 107
Lexingtonp. 108
And Concordp. 110
Retreat to Bostonp. 111
"Nothing Is Heard Now But the Trumpet and the Drum"p. 113
9 Green Mountains and Bunker Hillp. 115
"In the Name of Jehovah and the Continental Congress"p. 116
Meet Ethan Allenp. 117
The Taking of Fort Tip. 118
"I Do Not Think Myself Equal to the Command"p. 119
Creation of the Continental Armyp. 120
Yankee Doodle Versus a War Machinep. 122
General Washingtonp. 123
Gallantry at Bunker Hillp. 124
Prescott Occupies the "Wrong" Hillp. 125
The British Attackp. 126
"Greater Than We Can Bear"p. 128
The Vanquished Triumphp. 130
10 Canadian Sunsetp. 133
The Fourteenth Colony?p. 133
Congress Resolves--and Reversesp. 134
Allen and Arnold, Againp. 134
Success and Failurep. 136
Target: Quebecp. 138
"Our Fatigues Seemed Daily to Increase"p. 139
The Attackp. 140
A Swarm of Misguided Peoplep. 140
Flight from the Northp. 141
Cowardice at the Cedarsp. 141
"No One Thing Is Right"p. 141
Shock at Trois Rivieresp. 142
Escape from Valcour Islandp. 142
11 The Battle for Bostonp. 145
Woes of a City on a Hillp. 146
Life Under Occupationp. 146
Besiegedp. 146
Work of the Boston Armyp. 147
Garrison Lifep. 149
A "Noble Train" of Artilleryp. 150
To Annoy the Rebelsp. 151
Might of the British Navyp. 151
Buying Off a Bombardmentp. 152
Falmouth Flamesp. 152
This Unhappy Town Relievedp. 153
Dorchester High Groundp. 153
The British Decampp. 154
12 Common Sense and a Bold Declarationp. 157
A War of Documentsp. 157
Plan of Unionp. 158
An Olive Branch Offered--and Spurnedp. 158
Indecision on Independencep. 160
Mr. Paine's Pamphlet and Its Progenyp. 161
A Man of Uncommon Sensep. 161
A Bestsellerp. 161
The Great Debatep. 162
Authors of Independencep. 164
The Remarkable Mr. Jeffersonp. 165
"An Expression of the American Mind"p. 166
Rough Draft: The Question of Slaveryp. 166
"The Bells Rang All Day and Almost All Night"p. 167
Part 3 Times That Try Men's Soulsp. 169
13 The Battle for New Yorkp. 171
The British Eye the Big Applep. 172
Patriot Defensesp. 172
Staten Island Arrivalp. 173
The Trap Is Setp. 174
The Battle of Long Islandp. 174
Escape to Manhattanp. 176
Fight for New Yorkp. 177
The British Attack--and Blinkp. 178
One Life to Losep. 180
New York in Flamesp. 180
Retreat to White Plainsp. 180
The Fort Washington Trapp. 181
14 Crossing the Delawarep. 183
Jersey Winterp. 183
Jealous Generalsp. 184
The Reluctant Hunterp. 184
A Naked Armyp. 186
Damnably Deficientp. 187
Providence Smiles at Trentonp. 187
Another Crossingp. 188
Merry Christmasp. 189
Triumph at Princetonp. 190
Withdrawal and Advancep. 191
Victory and the Spoils Not Takenp. 191
Stalematep. 192
15 Gentleman Johnnyp. 195
"Thoughts for Conducting the War"p. 196
Ticonderoga Tragedyp. 198
The Death of Jenny McCreap. 200
Reversals of Fortunep. 202
Oriskany Routp. 202
"To the Last Extremity"p. 204
The Indians Bow Outp. 205
The Hessiansp. 206
Hired Gunsp. 206
Farmers Triumphant at Benningtonp. 207
16 Philadelphia Fallsp. 209
The Lure of Philadelphiap. 209
On the Banks of the Brandywinep. 211
"Our Army Was Something Broke"p. 214
Massacre and Humiliationp. 214
Butchery at Paolip. 215
The Loss of Philadelphiap. 216
Glorious Victory Shamefully Lostp. 216
The Germantown Disasterp. 216
Defeat or Victory?p. 217
17 Saratoga Sagap. 219
The Bravery of Benedict Arnoldp. 220
Freeman's Farmp. 220
In a Huffp. 223
A Silver Bulletp. 224
The Battle of Bemis Heightsp. 225
Gentlemen Johnny Packs It Inp. 226
Part 4 Winter of Discontentp. 229
18 Defeat and Disloyaltyp. 231
Colonial Engineering: The Delaware Defensesp. 231
Two Glorious Daysp. 232
Fort Mifflin Fallsp. 234
The Americans Lose Forts, The British Lose Timep. 234
The Conway Cabalp. 235
Office Politicsp. 235
Showdownp. 237
Gates Plays Dumbp. 237
The Commander Pulls It Togetherp. 237
Year's End, 1777p. 238
19 Valley Forgep. 241
The French Connectionsp. 242
Vive la Figaro!p. 242
The Mission of Benjamin Franklinp. 243
The Good Marquisp. 244
Saratoga Dividend: Amity and Commercep. 245
"What Is to Become of the Army?"p. 245
Foreign Aidp. 246
The Prussian Officerp. 246
Baron de Kalbp. 247
The Polesp. 248
Action in the Middle Statesp. 249
Fought to a Stand: Monmouth Court Housep. 249
Yankee Doodle in Rhode Islandp. 250
Mad Anthony Triumphsp. 251
"The Greatest Enterprise"p. 253
The Springfield Raidp. 254
British Peace Feelersp. 254
20 White War, Red Bloodp. 257
Indian Alliancesp. 257
Havoc in the Borderlandsp. 259
Cherry Valley Massacrep. 259
Vengeance on All Sidesp. 260
Trouble in the Old Northwestp. 262
Frontier Heroes and Villainsp. 264
Dan'l Boone, Woodsmanp. 264
The Depredations of Black Fishp. 265
Clark Presses His Campaignp. 265
Fighting on the Northern Frontier: Late Phasep. 266
21 Southern Exposurep. 269
The South: A Different Warp. 270
Southern Loyalistsp. 270
Virginia Risesp. 271
Highlanders at Moore's Creek Bridgep. 272
Charleston: First Passp. 272
Savannah Fallsp. 273
Target: Charlestonp. 275
Defensesp. 275
Siegep. 275
Disasterp. 276
22 A Turncoat and the Mutineersp. 279
Woes of a Married Manp. 279
Ambitions Unrewardedp. 280
Social Climbersp. 281
Just Businessp. 282
A "Plan of Such Infinite Effect"p. 283
The Unravelingp. 284
Arnold: "Bound to Retaliate"p. 286
Even Bigger Problemsp. 287
Grievances of the Pennsylvania Linep. 287
And the Profiteersp. 288
Part 5: "The World Turned Upside Down"p. 291
23 "I Have Not Yet Begun to Fight"p. 293
The Revolution at Seap. 294
Rule, Britannia!p. 294
American Assetsp. 295
A Maiden Battle and a Bahamian Cruisep. 295
The Massachusetts Navy Gets a Shipp. 296
The Nassau Campaignp. 296
The Exploits of John Paul Jonesp. 296
Aboard the Rangerp. 298
Master of the Bonhomme Richardp. 298
France Gains the Upper Handp. 300
Rodney's Moonlight Battlep. 300
French Successesp. 300
England Regains the Upper Hand--Too Latep. 301
Reign of the Privateersp. 302
24 Backcountry Battlesp. 303
Seasons of Failurep. 303
Massacre at Waxhawsp. 304
Camden Disasterp. 306
King's Mountain and Cowpensp. 307
Exploits of the Swamp Foxp. 310
Tearcoat Swampp. 311
Halfway Swampp. 311
A Battle at Guilford Courthousep. 312
25 Yorktown: "A Most Glorious Day"p. 315
Benedict Arnold as a Redcoatp. 316
Steuben and Lafayette in Virginiap. 316
Cornwallis Arrivesp. 317
Chasing Lafayettep. 318
Ambush at Jamestown Fordp. 318
On to Yorktownp. 319
Washington and Rochambeau Talkp. 320
A Plan Is Made--and Scrappedp. 321
De Grasse at the Battle of the Capesp. 322
Yorktown Investmentp. 323
Cornwallis Baggedp. 325
"The World Turned Upside Down"p. 327
The Meaning of Yorktownp. 328
26 Winning the Peacep. 331
Greene Wraps Up in the Southp. 332
The Uneasy Westp. 333
Parley in Parisp. 335
The French Squeezep. 336
A New Declaration of Independencep. 337
"Never a Good War or a Bad Peace"p. 338
The Treaty of Paris Signedp. 338
Reception of the Treatyp. 338
27 A New Order of the Agesp. 341
The Fruits of Libertyp. 342
Government Under the Articles of Confederationp. 343
Northwest Ordinancep. 344
What About the Loyalists?p. 345
What About the Slaves?p. 345
Rope of Sand?p. 346
Shays's Rebellionp. 346
The Constitutional Conventionp. 347
The Bill of Rightsp. 349
Father of His Countryp. 350
Washington as Leaderp. 350
Washington as Examplep. 350
A Revolution for the Worldp. 351
Appendixes
A Who Was Who in the American Revolutionp. 353
B Fighting Wordsp. 359
C Battles, Battlefields, and Historic Sitesp. 369
D Revolutionary Readingp. 375
Indexp. 377