Cover image for Crimes of war : what the public should know
Title:
Crimes of war : what the public should know
Author:
Gutman, Roy.
Edition:
First edition.
Publication Information:
New York : W.W. Norton, [1999]

©1999
Physical Description:
399 pages : illustrations ; 23 cm
Language:
English
Subject Term:
ISBN:
9780393047462

9780393319149
Format :
Book

Available:*

Library
Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Status
Central Library K5301 .C75 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area
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Summary

Summary

For everyone who wants to become better informed about the news, this book lays out the benchmarks for monitoring the watchdogs and governments. Published to coincide with the 50th anniversary of the Geneva Conventions, it illustrates what is legal in war and what is not.


Reviews 2

Library Journal Review

This unique reference offers a compendium of more than 150 entries that broadly define "international humanitarian law," a subject that involves most of the legal and political aspects of modern conflict. The contributors include scholars, journalists, and international civil servants qualified by practical experience. Entries for Bosnia, Cambodia, and Rwanda help explain why the lexicon of recent warfare includes terms like "siege," "child soldiers," and "belligerent status." Although some of the accounts are more anecdotal than substantive, the style achieves the stated goal of the editors, both journalists: combining "technical accuracy and readability." In addition to cross references, most entries are enhanced by dramatic photographs. Overall, the effect of the book is to convey how modern warfare has obliterated the distinction between the military and the civilian. Highly recommended for reference collections at academic and larger public libraries. [Previewed in Prepub Alert, LJ 3/15/99.]√ĄZachary T. Irwin, Pennsylvania State Univ., Erie (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Choice Review

Gutman and Rieff (both prize-winning journalists) commissioned 90 contributors to prepare the 140 articles in this alphabetical compendium of articles on human atrocities committed since WW II. The contributors include a wide array of journalists, legal scholars, and military law experts, who write about every aspect of the topic from "Act of War" to "Willfulness," including "Biological Weapons," "Death Squads," "Genocide," "Mass Graves," and "Starvation." Of special note are the entries by Sydney Schanberg, "Cambodia," and Christiane Amanpour, "Paramilitaries." Stunning photographs accompany the entries. Although this book about what we do to each other in the name of war is not pleasant to read, it is vital. The editors hope the book will bring attention to the gross violations of humanitarian law and encourage the pubic to demand that their elected leaders respond to these atrocities. The book's goals are noble and the words and pictures powerful. Recommended for all libraries. T. Walch; Hoover Presidential Library


Table of Contents

Roy Gutman and David RieffRichard GoldstoneLawrence WeschlerDavid TurnsSteven R. RatnerSteven R. RatnerBenny MorrisKenneth AndersonHoward S. LevieEwen Allison and Robert K. GoldmanSheldon H. HarrisTerence TaylorChristopher GreenwoodFlorence HartmannSydney SchanbergHorst FischerBarry RenfrewPeter PringleAnna CataldiCorinne DufkaHeike SpiekerEwen Allison and Robert K. GoldmanA. P. V. RogersHeike SpiekerJoel GreenbergHorst FischerDaoud KuttabDouglas FarahA. P. V. RogersNomi Bar-YaacovPatrick J. SloyanEd VulliamyM. Cherif BassiouniSteven R. RatnerPeter MaassTheodor MeronErich RathfelderH. Wayne ElliottJean-Marie SimonRoy GutmanCorinne DufkaGideon LevyMark Perry and Ed MilesRobert BlockRoger CohenH. Wayne ElliottDon OberdorferAlex LevacJohn RyleLewis M. SimonsDiane F. OrentlicherEwen Allison and Robert K. GoldmanJon Lee AndersonFrank SmythEric StaverKurt SchorkCharles LaneSean MaguireDavid RieffDavid RieffH. Wayne ElliottEwen Allison and Robert K. GoldmanEmma DalyEwen Allison and Robert K. GoldmanColette BraeckmanRoy Gutman and Daoud KuttabMaud S. BeelmanMichael IgnatieffFrits KalshovenSteven R. RatnerJonathan C. RandalEwen Allison and Robert K. GoldmanWilliam A. Orme, Jr.Frank SmythFrancaise HampsonKarma NabulsiKarma NabulsiGaby RadoKarma NabulsiMark HubandPeter RoweElizabeth NeufferSheldon H. HarrisMichael IgnatieffEric StoverDavid RohdeElizabeth RubinFrancoise HampsonHamilton DeSaussureJohn RyleRoy GutmanBurrus M. CarnahanCaryle MurphyChristiane AmanpourEwen AllisonDavid RohdeWilliam ShawcrossThomas GoltzGwynne RobertsH. Wayne ElliottMark HubandAmira HassVictoria BrittainHorst FischerHeike SpiekerJohn BurnsChristion JenningsDavid RieffDavid RieffFrits KalshovenKenneth AndersonMark HubandLindsey HilsumAdam RobertsTom GjeltenThom ShankerAlexandra StiglmayerGeorge RodrigueRobert BlockEric StoverTom GjeltenPierre RichardPeter RoweMarita VihervuoriRich MkhondoSerge SchmemannNicole PopePeter RoweMichael H. HoffmanThomas GoltzAdam RobertsRoy GutmanEd VulliamyLindsey HilsumJeremy BowenSteven R. RatnerEmma DalyBurrus CarnahanPeter MaassA. P. V. RogersKenneth AndersonAlan DorseyRoy Gutman
Prefacep. 8
Forewordp. 14
International Humanitarian Law: An Overviewp. 18
Act of Warp. 24
Aggressionp. 25
Apartheidp. 26
Arab-Israeli Warp. 28
Israel's Views of the Application of IHL to the West Bank and the Gaza Stripp. 38
Armisticep. 39
Belligerent Statusp. 42
Biological Experimentsp. 43
Biological Weaponsp. 46
Blockade as Act of Warp. 48
Bosniap. 50
Bullets
Cambodiap. 58
Carpet or Area Bombingp. 66
Cease-fire
Chechnyap. 68
Chemical Weaponsp. 74
Child Soldiersp. 76
Children as Killersp. 78
Civil Defensep. 80
Civil Patrolsp. 81
Civil Warp. 82
Civilian Immunityp. 84
Civilians, Illegal Targeting ofp. 85
Cluster Bombs
Collateral Damagep. 88
Collective Punishmentp. 89
Colombiap. 92
Combatant Statusp. 97
Command Responsibilityp. 98
Common Article 3
Compelling Military Servicep. 100
Concentration Campsp. 102
Crimes against Humanityp. 107
Crimes against Peacep. 109
Cultural Property and Historical Monumentsp. 110
Customary Lawp. 113
Dangerous Forces: Dams, Dikes, and Nuclear Stationsp. 116
Dead and Woundedp. 118
Death Squadsp. 121
Deportationp. 123
Detention
Disappearancesp. 125
Distinction, Principle of
Due Processp. 127
Due Process Rightsp. 130
Enforced Prostitution
Environmental Warfarep. 132
Kuwaiti Oil Wellsp. 134
Ethnic Cleansingp. 136
Evacuation of Civilians from the Battlefieldp. 139
Executions, Extrajudicialp. 142
The Camera as Witnessp. 145
Extermination of Civilian Population
Food Convoys
Forced Laborp. 148
Free Fire Zonesp. 151
Gases
Genocidep. 153
Grave Breaches
Gray Areas in International Humanitarian Lawp. 158
Guerrillasp. 159
Gulf Warp. 162
Health Care Systemp. 170
Hors de Combatp. 172
Hospitalsp. 174
Hostagesp. 177
Humanitarian Aid, Blocking ofp. 179
Humanitarian Interventionp. 181
Identificationp. 186
Illegal or Prohibited Actsp. 188
Immunity from Attackp. 189
Imprisonment of Civilian Populationp. 191
Incendiary Weapons
Incitement to Genocidep. 192
Indiscriminate Attackp. 195
Types of Indiscriminate Attackp. 198
Internal Displacementp. 199
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)p. 202
International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commissionp. 205
International vs. Internal Armed Conflictp. 206
Common Article 3p. 207
Iran-Iraq Warp. 208
Irregularsp. 216
Journalists Protection ofp. 218
Journalists in Perilp. 220
Judicial Proceedings
Jurisdiction, Universalp. 222
Jus ad Bellum / Jus in Bellop. 223
Just and Unjust Warp. 224
Labor Camps
Legitimate Military Targetsp. 226
Levee en Massep. 229
Liberiap. 230
Limited Warp. 236
Mass Gravesp. 238
Medical Experiments on POWsp. 241
Medical Transportsp. 243
Medical Personnelp. 244
Medico-Legal Investigations of War Crimesp. 245
Mercenariesp. 248
Military Necessityp. 251
Military Objectivesp. 253
Minesp. 256
Murder of Civilians
NATO and the Geneva Conventionsp. 258
Nuclear Weaponsp. 260
Occupation of Territoryp. 263
Paramilitariesp. 266
Parlementairesp. 269
Partisans
Perfidy and Treacheryp. 270
Persecutions on Political, Racial, or Religious Groundsp. 272
Pillagep. 276
Poisonous Weaponsp. 279
Prisoner of War Campsp. 282
Prisoners of War, Non-repatriation ofp. 286
Property: Civilian, Destruction ofp. 288
Property: Wanton Destructionp. 292
Proportionality, Principle ofp. 294
Protected Personsp. 295
Quarter, Giving Nop. 298
Rape
Red Cross / Red Crescent Emblemp. 301
Refoulementp. 304
Refugees, Rights ofp. 306
Reprisalp. 309
Reprisal Killingsp. 310
Resistance Fighters
Rwanda--The Genocidep. 312
Rwanda--Refugees and Genocidairesp. 316
Safety Zonesp. 320
Sanctionsp. 321
Sexual Violencep. 323
Sexual Violence: Systematic Rapep. 327
Sexual Violence: Enslavement and Forced Prostitutionp. 328
Shieldsp. 330
Sick and Woundedp. 334
Siegep. 336
Slaveryp. 339
Soldiers, Rights ofp. 342
Starvationp. 344
Terrorismp. 348
Terrorism against Civiliansp. 351
Torturep. 352
Total Warp. 355
Training in International Humanitarian Lawp. 356
Transfer of Civiliansp. 357
Treachery
Truce
Undefended Townsp. 360
United Nations and the Geneva Conventionsp. 361
Unlawful Confinementp. 365
Victims, Rights ofp. 369
Wanton Destructionp. 372
War Crimes, Categories ofp. 374
Water Supplies and Works, Destruction ofp. 377
Weaponsp. 379
Willful Killingp. 381
Willfulnessp. 383
Afterwordp. 384
Note on the Law and Legal Termsp. 386
Major International Humanitarian Lawp. 386
Some Titles for Further Readingp. 388
Selected Legal Resources On-Linep. 388
Contributorsp. 389
Acknowledgmentsp. 398

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