Cover image for Neither sharks nor wolves : the men of Nazi Germany's U-boat arm, 1939-1945
Neither sharks nor wolves : the men of Nazi Germany's U-boat arm, 1939-1945
Mulligan, Timothy.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
Annapolis, Md. : Naval Institute Press, [1999]

Physical Description:
xxv, 340 pages, 14 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 24 cm
Format :


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
Item Holds
D781 .M85 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Non-Fiction Area

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A character study of the German submarine force that challenges traditional and revisionist views of the service.

Author Notes

TIMOTHY MULLIGAN is a historian specializing in captured German records at the National Archives in College Park, Maryland. He holds an M.A. and a Ph.D. in diplomatic history from the University of Maryland and is the author of Lone Wolf: The Life and Death of U-Boat Ace Werner Henke, among other books and articles. He lives with his wife, Bonnie, in Lanham, Maryland.

Reviews 1

Choice Review

Although WW II's "Battle of the Atlantic"--the struggle between Nazi submarines and the allied surface fleets for control of this vital logistics link--has been repeatedly chronicled and analyzed, the Germans who fought this war, aside from a handful of U-Boat commanders, remain largely unknown. Mulligan (National Archives) has performed an important task: surveying more than 1,000 of these veterans to draw a composite portrait of the German submariner who fought and mainly died in this grim but critical phase of the war. Of some 50,000 crew members who served in submarines during the war, roughly 68 percent were killed, a staggering loss rate unequaled in virtually any other military force. Mulligan seeks to understand who these men were, where they came from, and what enabled them, from their training regimen to their association with National Socialism to the intangibles of good leadership and the few perquisites authorized, to maintain such a high level of performance even though they were certainly "an involuntary elite." An important acquisition for naval and WW II collections. All levels. G. P. Cox; Gordon College

Table of Contents

List of Tablesp. ix
Prefacep. xi
Glossaryp. xvii
Comparative Ranks of World War II Naviesp. xxiii
1 A Community Bound by Fatep. 1
2 First Generationp. 24
3 The Framework of the U-boat Warp. 43
4 Patterns of the U-boat War, 1939-1945p. 70
5 Spirit and Soul: U-boat Officersp. 89
6 The Right Man in the Right Placep. 110
7 Quality before Quantity: The Making of U-boat Menp. 131
8 A Children's Crusade? Age and Experience of U-boat Crewsp. 153
9 More One Cannot Be: The Morale of an Involuntary Elitep. 172
10 Humanity vs. Necessity: U-boats and Unrestricted Submarine Warfarep. 195
11 Disinterested Service: The Navy and National Socialismp. 215
12 Endingsp. 237
Appendix 1. Survey of U-boat Veteransp. 247
Appendix 2. Numbers and Losses of the U-boat Servicep. 251
Appendix 3. Organization of the U-boat Arm, 1 July 1942p. 257
Notesp. 261
Selected Bibliographyp. 311
Indexp. 331