Cover image for The engineer in history
The engineer in history
Rae, John, 1944-1988.
Personal Author:
Publication Information:
New York : Peter Lang, [1999]

Physical Description:
vii, 267 pages ; 23 cm.
Added Author:
Format :


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TA15 .R33 1999 Adult Non-Fiction Central Closed Stacks

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Not concerned with people who design history, but with people who have designed and built aqueducts, cathedrals, clocks, machines tools, railroads, bridges, and airplanes in previous times. A sociologist and a historian explore their social origins, theories and methods, relations to employers and governments, and other facets, often focusing on particular individuals. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.

Author Notes

John Rae was Professor of History at Harvey Mudd College at the Claremont Colleges
Rudi Volti is Professor of Sociology at Pitzer College in Claremont, California, and a member of the Science, Technology, and Society faculty of the Claremont Colleges.

Table of Contents

Introductionp. 1
Acknowledgmentsp. 4
1 The Ancient Worldp. 7
Engineers in Ancient Egyptp. 8
The Engineers of Ancient Greecep. 10
Engineers and Engineering in Ancient Chinap. 16
The Engineers of Romep. 18
The Ancient Engineers in Perspectivep. 23
2 The Medieval Engineerp. 31
An Era of Innovationp. 32
The Master Mason and His Workp. 34
The Design Techniques of the Medieval Engineerp. 38
The Ideas and Accomplishments of One Medieval Architect-Engineerp. 40
Aeronautical Engineering in the Middle Agesp. 41
The Summit of Medieval Mechanical Engineering: The Clockp. 42
The Military Engineerp. 44
Medieval Engineering in Transitionp. 45
3 The Renaissance: The Recognition of the Engineerp. 51
Leonardo da Vincip. 55
The Efflorescence of Italian Engineeringp. 58
The Engineers of Northern Europep. 62
The Mining Engineer in Germanyp. 64
Engineers in Francep. 65
The Legacy of the Renaissance Engineersp. 69
4 The Emergence of the Civil Engineerp. 75
The Organization of Engineering in Francep. 76
The Civil Engineer in Britainp. 79
Britain and France Comparedp. 85
The Railroad Engineersp. 86
5 The Mechanical Engineer and the British Industrial Revolutionp. 95
The Introduction of Steam Powerp. 98
The Machine Makersp. 105
The Social Origins of British Engineersp. 111
6 The Founding of American Engineeringp. 119
Early American Engineersp. 120
Civil Engineersp. 123
Mechanical Engineersp. 130
7 Into the Twentieth Century: Engineers Join the Organizational Revolutionp. 137
The Growth of Engineering Specializationsp. 140
The Industrial Research Laboratoryp. 141
The Engineer and the Organization: Conflict and Concordp. 143
The Ascent of Japanese Engineering Exemplifiedp. 146
The Working Lives of Engineersp. 147
8 Engineers as Managersp. 155
Engineers, Owners, and Managersp. 155
Engineers as Managers: The Soviet Unionp. 160
Scientific Managementp. 164
Technocracyp. 166
Engineers and Modern Managementp. 169
9 Educating Engineersp. 177
The Development of Engineering Education in Europep. 177
Engineering Education in the United Statesp. 181
Educating Engineers in Asiap. 184
Professional Societies and the Upgrading of Engineering Education in the United Statesp. 186
Graduate Education in Engineeringp. 189
The Consequences of Modern Engineering Educationp. 190
Engineering Education and the Quest for Professionalizationp. 192
10 The Engineer Today: Origins, Roles, and Statusp. 199
The Social Origins of Engineersp. 200
Women Engineersp. 201
The Search for Professional Statusp. 203
The Engineer as Whistle Blowerp. 206
Professional Societies and Professional Ethicsp. 210
An Inclusive Occupationp. 212
The Managerial Track as an Alternative to Professionalizationp. 215
Facing the Futurep. 216
Illustrationsp. 221
Topic Indexp. 247
Name Indexp. 251